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Monastyrsky apricot - large and sweet fruits with minimal maintenance

 Monastyrsky apricot - large and sweet fruits with minimal maintenance


Due to its many advantages, apricot is a fairly popular crop, which is often found in summer cottages. Despite the fact that apricot is a seasonal fruit, in dried form it does not lose its useful properties and is widely used for preparing various drinks and dishes. The Monastyrskiy apricot variety is unpretentious in care, withstands frosts and gives abundant annual harvests.

Description and characteristics of the Monastyrsky apricot variety

Monastyrsky apricot obtained by free pollination of a seedling of 3-4 own generation in the Main Botanical Garden. N.V. Tsitsin RAS in 1996. The author of the variety is L.A. Kramarenko. It has a wide zoning zone, entered in the State Register for the Central Region in 2004. Excellent characteristics and fast acclimatization make it possible to grow this variety in the cities of the Moscow region.

The tree is vigorous, reaches 5 m in height, with spreading branches and a wide crown. The branchiness of the shoots is average. Blooms profusely with small white flowers (up to 3 cm). The leaves are large, oval in shape with an elongated edge, rich green color.

The crown of the monastery is wide, rounded, spreading, young growths grow moderately

Apricot fruits are large, weighing 30–40 g, oblong in shape. The skin is dense, pubescent, lemon-yellow in color, with a red blush. The pulp is juicy and tender, of medium density, bright orange, with a sweet taste and pleasant aroma. The stone is large and can be easily separated.

The chemical composition of the fruit:

  • titratable acids - 2%;
  • sugar - 8.1-8.2%;
  • potassium - 420 mg / 100 g;
  • dry matter - 16.8-16.9%.

Tasting assessment of taste - 5 points on a five-point scale.

The fruits of the Monastery are large, juicy, fragrant, with a well-separating stone

The Monastyrsky apricot variety has no special preferences for soil and, due to its resistance to cold weather, is considered a rather unpretentious plant.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table

Dignitydisadvantages
High productivity.Excessive spreading of branches.
Large fruits.Relatively late entry into the fruiting period (5 years after planting).
Self-fertility.Late ripening of fruits.
High resistance to disease.
Good keeping quality and transportability.

Landing features

To ensure the tree grows well and achieve bountiful yields in the future, planting rules must be followed. The process will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener.

Dates and place

Apricot trees, including the Monastyrsky variety, are best planted in spring. The optimal period will be the second half of April, when the ground has already warmed up enough, and the probability of frost return is minimized. Nevertheless, it is necessary to have time to complete the planting work before the swelling of the first fruit buds.

When choosing a place for landing, you should stop in an area that is illuminated and protected from gusty northerly winds. Since apricot is a moisture-loving crop, the close flow of groundwater will positively affect the growth and development of the tree.

Selection of seedlings

The more live buds on the seedling, the more chances the plant has to develop rapidly and correctly, providing high yields.

For planting, it is recommended to choose two-year-old seedlings. They have a well-formed root system, so they will take root in the soil without any problems.

When buying, special attention should be paid to the roots. They must be healthy, not broken and not overdried, without signs of diseases and putrefactive formations.

How to choose an apricot seedling - video

Site preparation

In the case of planting an apricot tree in the spring, a pit for it is formed in the fall. A light and fertile soil composition with a neutral or slightly alkaline pH level is considered favorable for planting.

The fertile soil layer must be mixed with:

  • 2 buckets of mullein and humus;
  • 300 g of ash;
  • 400-450 g of potassium salt;
  • 600-700 g of superphosphate.

The resulting mixture should be poured back into the pit and left in this state until spring planting.

Step by step process

Subject to all planting rules, apricot trees quickly enter the stage of growth and active development.

  1. Form a planting pit 70x70x70 cm (the poorer the soil, the deeper and larger the pit), prepared in the fall, taking out a mixture of soil with fertilizers from it.
  2. At the bottom of the pit, lay out drainage from a 10 cm layer of crushed stone or river sand with gravel and branches.
  3. The distance between plantings should be 4 m, in row spacings - 6 m.
  4. Spread a fertile layer of earth, forming a mound.
  5. The root collar should rise 4–5 cm above the ground.
  6. Spread out the roots and, holding the seedling, sprinkle with earth. Tamp gently.
  7. After planting on the near-trunk circle, an irrigation groove should be formed.
  8. Water the seedling with 30 liters of water and mulch with humus with a layer of 5 cm.

How to plant an apricot - video

Pollination

The Monastyrskiy apricot variety is self-fertile, but in order to ensure an increase and regularity of the harvest, it is worth taking care of planting a pollinator. The best cross-pollinators of Monastyrsky will be varieties of a similar ripening period, for example, Northern Triumph, Lel, Favorit, Countess.

The best pollinators for apricot varieties Monastyrsky - photo gallery

Plant care

Thanks to proper care, which includes regular watering, fertilization and the implementation of preventive measures to protect against harmful insects and diseases, a young apricot tree will develop correctly, in 5 years it will enter the season of fruiting and provide the gardener with abundant harvests.

Pruning

Annual pruning of apricot increases yield and increases winter hardiness

Proper pruning of apricot trees provides additional protection against disease, ensures correct crown formation, and also affects yield and fruit size.

Pruning is carried out in early spring, all work must be completed before early April.

  • The first pruning is carried out after planting, all branches of the seedling are cut by a third.
  • When the tree reaches a height of 2-3 m, its central conductor must be cut. This is necessary to give the crown a spreading and better penetration of sunlight into the tree.
  • Sick, weak, old and growing shoots are subject to annual pruning.
  • Young annual shoots are cut to half the length. If in summer there is an increased growth of shoots, they should be shortened by another third.
  • Trees with a thickened crown need rejuvenation. You need to remove all branches that grow downward and inward.

Pruning is carried out with a sharp garden pruner. Hemp should not be left, and fresh cuts must be covered with garden varnish or oil paint.

Pruning and shaping the crown of an apricot - video

Watering

Apricot does not tolerate prolonged drought, therefore it needs regular watering, especially during the period of ovary formation and fruit ripening. After harvest, trees also need abundant watering.

You should take care of constant soil moisture, but without puddles and stagnation. Watering should be done in the evening or morning hours, when the sun is not yet too active. For one tree, 2-3 buckets of water are enough.

In total, four waterings are enough for the season:

  • in early spring;
  • during the period of active growth of shoots;
  • at the beginning of fruiting;
  • after harvest (before preparing for winter).

After each watering, the soil in the trunk circle is carefully loosened and mulched.

Top dressing

From the age of three, apricot trees begin to feed.

  1. The first top dressing is applied in early spring - 300 g of diluted poultry manure with compost per 1 m².
  2. Before flowering, a composition of a mixture of 2 tbsp is introduced into the root zone. l. ammonium nitrate and 10 g of potassium sulfate, diluted in 10 liters of water. In addition, dolomite flour or wood ash is poured under each tree.
  3. Similar feeding is also carried out after flowering and falling off of the ovaries.
  4. In autumn, 15 kg of compost or humus are added for digging for each square meter of soil with the addition of 120–140 g of superphosphate and 30–50 g of potassium sulfate.

After the tree enters the fruiting period, the amount of fertilizer applied must be increased. So, the first top dressing in early spring will already be 500 g per 1 m², and in the fall the amount of organic matter used will increase from 15 to 30 kg.

Preparing the tree for winter

An important step in caring for a tree is whitewashing, which is necessary before leaving for the winter.

The preferred option would be a mixture of clay, fresh manure and slaked lime in equal parts, diluted with water, with the addition of 1 part of wood ash and copper sulfate to this solution. Such a talker protects tree trunks from frost and cracks. In addition, the specific smell of whitewash scares off rodents in winter. The mixture is applied in an even layer on the trunk and tree branches to a height of at least 1.5 m.

Whitewashing will help keep trees healthy and produce a quality crop.

As an additional shelter, nylon is used, which reliably protects from cold and hares, but at the same time allows air and moisture to pass through.

There are also many different covering materials that can be purchased from specialized stores. The main advantage of the Monastyrsky apricot variety is its high resistance to frost, therefore, in most cases, whitewash is enough.

Diseases and pests

Like other representatives of the orchard, apricot trees can be attacked by harmful insects or diseases. Despite the declared durability, the Monastyrsky variety is not completely insured against possible troubles. Timely preventive measures taken will avoid troubles and increase resistance to negative environmental influences.

Apricot diseases and methods of dealing with them - table

DiseaseDescription and nature of the defeatProcessing periodControl methodsPrevention measures
Moniliosis (fruit rot)Fungal disease. It affects leaves, flowers, buds in the form of burns or gray rotten spots. Infection occurs during the flowering period. The spores of the fungus caught on the stigma of the flower germinate in the presence of moisture, and then through the flower they enter the tissues of the branches. Affected branches, along with flowers and young leaves, turn brown and dry out. In case of severe damage, the entire tree is damaged. In the summer, mainly cracked fruits that are exposed to pests (moths, beetles, etc.) or suffered from hail are affected. Damaged fruits fall off or remain on the tree until the spring of next year and are a source of further infection.Spring period, as well as when signs of illness are foundPruning and destruction of areas of the tree affected by the disease, processing of cuts with garden pitch
  1. Whitewashing trees in autumn.
  2. Spraying with 1% Bordeaux liquid or Horus according to the instructions.
Green cone phaseSpraying with 3% Bordeaux liquid
Immediately after floweringTopsin M according to the instructions.
CytosporosisFungal disease, the signs of which appear in spring and summer. It affects parts of the tree, starting from the top. Flowers and leaves turn brown, dry up, and remain on the tree for a long time. On the branches, the affected areas of the bark acquire a yellowish tint. Well-noticeable numerous dark pycnidia of the fungus appear, which makes the bark small-knobby. During the development period, fungi release toxic substances that affect the living tissues of the apricot. The developing mycelium causes an increased release of gum in the affected areas, which clogs the vascular vessels. Affecting already weakened trees, cytosporosis causes the death of branches in the second half of summer and in the autumn-winter period.When signs of illness are foundCareful examination and removal of dry branches with cytosporosis fungus to avoid further spread.
  1. Felling and burning trees infected with the fungus so that the disease does not spread to other plantings.
  2. Regular whitewashing in early spring and autumn.
  3. Deep plowing and removal of root growth.
  4. Timely and correct pruning of trees.
  5. Watering at the recommended time (the soil must not be allowed to dry out).
  6. Collecting and burning fallen leaves in the fall.
  7. Mulching the soil in the trunk circle.
Green cone phaseSpraying trees with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
Hole spot (clasterosporium disease)The most common fungal disease of apricot trees. It affects the bole, branches, leaves and fruits. Rounded light brown spots appear on the leaves, surrounded by a red-brown or crimson border, about 2-5 mm in diameter. After 7-15 days, the spots disappear, as a result of which holes are formed. With severe damage, the leaves become, as it were, eaten by gnawing insects, partially or completely dry up and fall off prematurely. In case of fruit damage, small purple spots are first formed. Gradually they increase to 2–3 mm in diameter and take the form of wart-like brown swellings, from which gum flows out. With late infestation of fruits, the spots remain flat with a characteristic reddish border. The pulp in the affected area stops growing and dries up to the bone. Affected shoots are covered with rounded and later elongated cracking spots, from which gum often flows out. The affected kidneys die off and become black, as if varnished. Sick flowers crumble.When signs of illness are foundPruning and burning affected areas. Processing of cuts with a garden pitch with the addition of copper or iron sulfate.
  1. Regular fertilization.
  2. Spraying with 3% Bordeaux liquid before flowering and 1% after flowering.
  3. Autumn whitewashing of boles and forks of skeletal branches to avoid sunburn and frost.
In addition, areas of dead bark and wounds, from which gum is released, are cleaned with a sharp knife, disinfected with a 1% solution of copper sulfate and covered with garden varnish.
Kidney swelling periodTreatment of trees with copper oxychloride.
Before flowering and at the end of floweringTreatment of trees with Horus or Topsin M according to the instructions.

Common diseases in the photo

Table: Monastic apricot pests and methods of dealing with them

Name of the pestDescription and nature of the defeatProcessing periodControl methodsPrevention measures
AphidSmall dark insects. Leaves are affected by sucking out nutrients from them, which leads to curling and premature drying. The buds do not open, the fruits do not develop.Upon detection of insects and until they are completely destroyedWood treatment with one of the solutions:
  • Dilute 300 g of laundry soap in 10 liters of water.
  • Dilute 100 g of tar soap in 10 liters of water.
  • Boil 250-300 g of ash in 10 liters of water for 30 minutes. You can add 40 g of soap before spraying.
  • Insist 30–35 g of chopped onion heads (onion husks can also be added) in 1 liter of water for 5 hours. Add 5 g of laundry soap. Strain. Bring the volume of the infusion to 1 liter.
  • 250 g of Dalmatian (Caucasian) chamomile flowers, crush into dust, stir in water. Spray the tree immediately after preparing the solution.
  1. Treatment with Nitrafen or Karbofos before bud break.
  2. Planting aromatic herbs, nettles, siderates near trees.
  3. Fight against root shoots.
  4. Pruning and burning affected branches inhabited by aphid colonies.
Hawthorn caterpillarYoung caterpillars are gray-brown, with a dark head and chest plate. The adult hawthorn caterpillar is hairy, up to 45 mm long. In spring, as soon as the buds begin to bloom, the caterpillars leave their winter nests and begin to feed, first gnaw out the buds, and then move on to blossoming buds and flowers. Eating leaves, often bare individual branches, and with mass reproduction - whole trees.Early spring and autumn
  1. Catching caterpillars and their subsequent destruction.
  2. Collecting cobwebs with clutches of eggs, which the insect lays in dry leaves.
  3. Spraying the tree with a solution of Chlorophos (20-30 g per 10 liters of water).
  1. Spraying trees with garlic or tobacco tinctures with the addition of laundry soap.
  2. Spraying with Spark preparation until bud break.
Plum moth caterpillarButterflies fly out during the formation of the ovary and lay 1–2 eggs on the fruits. The caterpillars hatched from them quickly eat into the fruit, make moves, filling them with excrement. Caterpillars of the moth at first are off-white, then turn pink-red with a dark head. After 4–6 weeks, adult caterpillars emerge from the fruit, on the surface of which gum appears. Apricots damaged by the moth are prematurely colored and rotted.When tracks are detected
  1. Collecting and destroying caterpillars.
  2. Installation of hunting belts on the trunk.
  1. Treatment of trees with Karbofos (90–100 g per 10 l of water) after flowering.
  2. Collection and burning of damaged fruits.
15-20 days after floweringSpraying trees with Inta-Vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water).

Harmful insects in the photo

Harvesting and storage

Fruiting of the Monastyrsky apricot variety begins 5 years after planting. Fruit ripening occurs in the second half of August. Apricots ripen at the same time and are firmly attached to the branches. Harvest from one tree - 20-25 kg.

Monastyrskiy apricot variety has a high yield

Fruits should only be harvested after they are fully ripe, since early removed apricots do not reach maturity during storage. Ripe apricots are yellow-orange in color, with a blush, unripe apricots with a shade of green.

Store apricots for 1-2 weeks at a temperature of 0 degrees and a relative humidity of 90%. Due to the dense skin, the fruits perfectly retain their presentation during transportation.

Fruits are transported in boxes or in small baskets

Apricots of this variety are most often consumed fresh. They are also used to make preserves, jams, compotes and jelly, dried and frozen.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety

Monastyrsky is a tasting variety, I have not seen the best in terms of taste ... The fruits are large, medium ripening.

Alexander

http://www.forum.cvetnichki.com.ua/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=205&start=10

They do not ripen at the same time, fruits of different sizes - from huge to medium.

Oksana1

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=11430

Monastic is not so resistant to Monili. My tree burned down from Monili in 2015 all of a sudden. I had to cut it down to the stump.

Roman Crimea-Ukraine

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=11430

I have a Monastyrsky apricot. But there is a special remark on it - although it is the most productive, it is also the least frost-resistant of the Kramarenko varieties. In the 4 years that I have been growing it, it really froze in winter only once. Then, after a long warming in early spring, long severe frosts followed. But over the summer he easily recovered. Gives meter and more gains per year. Very thick spurs with kidneys. At the beginning of March, everything looks as if it will be strewn with flowers. But no more than a few dozen flowers bloom, on which nothing is tied.

alex123

http://dacha.wcb.ru/lofiversion/index.php?t636-650.html

Monastyrskiy is an apricot variety that delights with abundant and regular harvests of fruits with excellent taste and aroma. Good keeping quality and transportability, unpretentious care, increased resistance to common diseases and frost resistance have made this variety popular among owners of summer cottages.


Monastyrsky apricot - large and sweet fruits with minimal maintenance - garden and vegetable garden

Separate Orders of Lenin and the October Revolution Red Banner Special Purpose Motorized Rifle Division of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. F.E.Dzerzhinsky (OMSDON). An elite unit of the USSR Interior Ministry's internal troops. Show in full.

Parts of the division were located in the cities of Moscow, Reutov, Balashikha, Noginsk, Moscow region. The division was widely known both among the people and in the armed forces of the country, was distinguished by high discipline of personnel, and has a rich HISTORY.
The Dzerzhinsky Division leads its history from the Special Purpose Detachment (OSNAZ) under the Presidium of the VChK, formed on March 30, 1921 on the basis of individual units of the Moscow garrison of the VChK troops. The following year, the OSNAZ Detachment included the 1st separate regiment of the GPU troops and the 1st auto-combat detachment at the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the RSFSR [1] [2].

On February 24, 1918, by the Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, the 1st auto-combat detachment was formed from the workers and drivers of the auto-department of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee under the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. The detachment was not part of the staff of either the military department or the Cheka. The head of the detachment was directly subordinate to the chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, Ya. M. Sverdlov. The task of the detachment was to protect the highest officials of the Soviet state. Initially, the size of the formation was small - up to three dozen fighters. However, they were well armed at that time: two Austin armored cars, four Fiat trucks with coaxial Maxima machine guns mounted in bodies on a special turntable, several cars and motorcycles with light machine guns [2].

Julian Konopko was appointed head of the detachment.

At the beginning of March 1918, the detachment was renamed the 1st Armored Detachment under the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the RSFSR. Together with the 2nd Latvian regiment, the soldiers of the detachment carried out the service of protecting Smolny and escorting senior officials [1].

In March 1918, a decision was made to move the Soviet government from Petrograd to Moscow. The operation took place in the strictest secrecy. However, there were some incidents. At the Malaya Vishera station, the path to "train number 4001", in which Lenin, Sverdlov, and other members of the government were, was blocked by anarchist soldiers whose echelon was stationed at the station. In the current critical situation, the soldiers of the armored detachment, together with the Latvian riflemen, surrounded the train and, under the threat of machine guns, disarmed the anarchists. The train proceeded safely on [1] [2].

In the new capital of the Soviet Republic, an armored detachment was deployed on the territory of the Kremlin and, together with the Latvian riflemen, proceeded to guard the members of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars. Along with the fulfillment of their main duties, the fighters, on behalf of FE Dzerzhinsky, participated in operations to neutralize anarchist and counter-revolutionary organizations, eliminate bandits and raiders, and performed other tasks of the Cheka [1].

In 1919, YM Sverdlov died of the "Spanish flu". On the initiative of the soldiers, by the Decree of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of February 25, 1919, the detachment was renamed into 1 armored detachment of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee named after Comrade Ya. M. Sverdlov [1].

11/18/1920 the detachment was included in the VNUS troops and renamed the Special-Purpose Auto Armored Detachment. Ya. M. Sverdlov [1].

02.24.1921 the detachment was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Cheka and by Order of the Cheka No. 82 it was renamed into the Special-Purpose Armored Detachment under the Presidium of the VChK of the RSFSR. Ya.M. Sverdlov.

In March 1921, a Special Purpose Detachment (OSNAZ) was formed under the Presidium of the Cheka. The next year, an armored detachment entered the OSNAZ detachment. The OSNAZ detachment, in addition to the armored detachment itself, included three rifle companies, a machine-gun team, a cavalry squadron, a communications team, an economic team, and a train. In total, OSNAZ consisted of 1,097 people [1].

In 1922, the Cheka was reorganized into the OGPU, and accordingly the name of the detachment was changed - the Special Purpose Detachment under the OGPU Collegium of the RSFSR [1].

Pre-war years (1924-1941) [edit | edit wiki text]
On June 17, 1924, on the basis of the OSNAZ detachment, a Special Purpose Division (DON) was created under the OGPU Collegium of the USSR. In addition to the available units, the 6th regiment [3] and the 61st [4] division of the OGPU troops were included in the newly formed division. The staff of the division consisted of 4 rifle regiments and an armored division (former armored detachment), which later, in 1931, was reorganized into an armored regiment [1].

On June 19, 1924, a separate communications battalion was formed.

In May 1926, the Special Solovetsky Regiment of the OGPU [5] [1] entered the division.

In July 1926, F.E.Dzerzhinsky died suddenly. At a meeting of the personnel of the division, it was decided to apply for the assignment of his name to the division. By order of the OGPU of the USSR No. 173 of August 19, 1926, the compound received the name of the Special Purpose Division under the OGPU of the USSR named after FE Dzerzhinsky [1].

In November 1926, the 1st Tula, 4th Voronezh, 5th Nizhny Novgorod, 8th Yaroslavl, 15th Vyatka divisions of the OGPU troops entered the division. The number of the division was 4436 people [1].

In February 1929, the division was reorganized again, its structure was being built according to the type of the Red Army. The division consisted of 2 rifle regiments, a scooter regiment, a cavalry regiment, an armored division, a communications division, a separate Suzdal division, and a regimental school [1].

In the 1920s-1930s, the division carried out the tasks of protecting the Kremlin, the administrative buildings of the Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, and other particularly important facilities. In addition, parts of the division were involved in operations to suppress riots in the Don and in the Tambov region, the fight against Basmachism in Central Asia [1].

09/08/1934, the compound was reformed into a separate motorized special-purpose division named after. F.E. Dzerzhinsky troops of the NKVD. In 1937 g.the formation was renamed into the Separate Special Purpose Motorized Rifle Division (OMSDON) named after F.E. Dzerzhinsky troops of the NKVD.

In 1937-1938 she took part in hostilities on the territory of China [6].

Parts of the division took part in battles during the Soviet-Finnish conflict [1].

Great Patriotic War [edit | edit wiki text]
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, some parts of the division took part in the defense of Moscow, the remaining units guarded especially important objects of the capital, carried out patrol service on the streets of the city, and were involved in measures to eliminate reconnaissance and sabotage groups in the frontline zone and in the city [1]

Simultaneously with participation in hostilities, units of the division in Moscow detained 485 enemy intelligence agents, 69753 deserters, more than 320,000 violators of the established regime. [6]

11/07/1941, the division took part in a military parade in Moscow on Red Square. [6]

In the battles with German troops, the snipers of the 4th cavalry regiment (later the 4th motorized rifle regiment) distinguished themselves. During the first mission of the regiment's two sniper teams in 1942 alone, they killed 853 German soldiers and officers. In total, in 1942, the division's snipers destroyed 6440 German soldiers and officers. [6]

On February 14, 1943, by order of the NKVD No. 0314, the division was assigned a number. It became known as the 1st Motorized Rifle Order of Lenin Division named after I. F. E. Dzerzhinsky of the Internal Troops of the NKVD of the USSR. [6]

In 1944, the 2nd OMSDON regiment was entrusted with the protection of the government delegations of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain during the Yalta conference of the countries - allies of the anti-Hitler coalition [1].

From August 1943 to 1990, on public holidays, the division's artillery division fired artillery fireworks from the territory of the Moscow Kremlin [1].

During 1944-1947, parts of the division participated in the elimination of the nationalist movement in Western Ukraine, repeatedly entered into clashes with units of the OUN - UPA [1], took part in the eviction of Chechens and Ingush to Kazakhstan [6].

At the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945, the soldiers of the 2nd regiment of the division were entrusted with the honor of carrying enemy banners and standards across Red Square and throwing them to the foot of the Lenin Mausoleum. This episode was captured by Soviet and foreign filmmakers [1].

Post-war years (1945-1994) [edit | edit wiki text]
06/20/1955, 1st Airborne Infantry Division named after V.I. F. Dzerzhinsky renamed OMSDON them. F. Dzerzhinsky. In the postwar years, the division solved specific tasks in conditions of extreme complications in the operational situation inside the country, and also guarded especially important objects, such as the administrative buildings of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, etc.

The militia regiment served for the maintenance of public order and the fight against street crime in Moscow. Motorized rifle units were also involved in maintaining public order during mass sports and cultural events (concerts, football matches, parades, etc.).

In 1977, in preparation for the Olympics-80 in the 2nd regiment, the first army special forces of the Interior Ministry of the USSR was formed - a training company for special purposes (URSN), which in 1989 served as the basis for the creation of the special unit "Vityaz" [7]. The division provided security during the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. In addition to the fact that the personnel carried out the service of maintaining public order and ensuring public safety, some of the servicemen were involved in the parade of athletes (for this, whole units were dressed in civilian clothes), as well as in the staging of paintings on the podium under a torch with Olympic flame (all, those who watched the opening and closing of the Olympics saw how on the podium one by one the pictures made up of many colored fragments were replaced, people who sat on the podium rose in a certain order).

On October 21, 1981, riots broke out in the city of Ordzhonikidze on the basis of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict. With the arrival of the division in the city, order was restored within 24 hours.

On May 2, 1986, the division was involved in eliminating the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. Parts of the division took under protection the resettlement zone, and the anti-chemical protection battalion was involved directly in the work to eliminate the accident. [8]

From 1988 to 1991, units of the division took part in the suppression of the Armenian pogroms in the city of Sumgait, the suppression of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region, the elimination of riots in the city of Baku, suppression of the interethnic conflict in the Fergana Valley of Uzbekistan, which broke out between the Uzbeks and the Turks. -Meskhetians, in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, etc. Separately, it is necessary to point out the participation of units of the division in eliminating the consequences of the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. The personnel were engaged in dismantling the rubble, providing assistance to the victims, and fighting looting. In 1989, the 4th regiment took part in the establishment of constitutional order in Georgia, the city of Tbilisi. [7].

In 1992, units of the division took part in peacekeeping operations in the emergency zones in the North Caucasus, ensuring the separation of the sides with checkpoints on the administrative borders of Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia, Ingushetia and Chechnya.

The division took an active part in the August putsch and in the suppression of unrest in 1993. In 1993, by coincidence, part of the division's servicemen defended the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (squads that carried guard duty to guard the building according to the staffing table), while the division as a whole participated in its blockade and assault.

In February 1994, the unit was renamed ODON - the Separate Orders of Lenin and the October Revolution Red Banner Operational Division of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.


Moniliosis-resistant apricot varieties

There are many varieties of apricots that are rarely affected by moniliosis. It is recommended to go to the nursery of seedlings, first armed with the necessary knowledge. The study of the main characteristics of plants will allow you to choose the most resistant varieties that will delight you with a bountiful harvest with minimal care.

The following varieties are considered resistant to the disease:

Monastyrsky. The apricot is of medium ripening (the first fruits appear in the second half of July). The fruits are distinguished by excellent taste and strong aroma. The fruits are solid, yellow-orange, there is no blush. The bones are large, well separated. In addition to increased resistance to moniliosis, the variety has excellent winter hardiness and does not require insulation before wintering.

Special Denisyuk. A variety bred by a Ukrainian breeder several decades ago. The fruits resemble peaches - large, bright orange, oval in shape. The variety begins to ripen at the end of July. The pulp of apricots has a pleasant sweet taste with a slight sourness. In addition to its unusual appearance, the variety is striking in the duration of fruiting - the fruits do not crumble until October. The tree is rarely affected by moniliosis, it tolerates snowy and frosty winters well.

Petropavlovsky. Ripening dates - the second decade of July. The variety is distinguished by large fruits (up to 90 grams). The pulp of apricots is dense, sweet, juicy. The aroma is weak. The main feature of the variety is that even with an abundant amount of fruits, apricots do not become smaller. Recommended for growing in regions with an unstable climate - Petropavlovskiy perfectly tolerates cold snaps, frosts, high humidity and drought. The variety is very rarely affected by moniliosis.

Goldrich. A variety that differs in the size of its fruits - the mass of apricots often exceeds 100 grams. The fruits are slightly flattened, have a bright orange tint, a slight blush. The pulp is sweet, rather dense, the aroma is light and pleasant. Among the advantages of the Goldrich variety, they note an increased resistance to all fungal diseases, frost, and high humidity.

Big Ed. Large apricots, high yield, resistance to moniliosis are only a small part of the variety's advantages over other apricots. The fruits begin to ripen at the beginning of July. The tree is medium, with a lush crown. Apricots do not fall off, they stay securely on the branches even in strong winds. Fruits are bright red in color, well transported, often reaching 100 grams. The taste is sweet, without sourness.

Kyoto. The variety is characterized by resistance to moniliosis, bad weather conditions. The fruits are tasty, sweet, not too large (about 60-80 gr.). The peculiarity of Kyoto is that flowering begins several weeks later than most varieties, which avoids heavy spring rains and frosts. The yield is stable, regardless of weather conditions. Excellent winter hardiness - the variety does not require winter wrapping.

Obolonsky. Apricot is not afraid of moniliosis, severe frost, high humidity. High yield even in young trees, fruiting begins several years after planting. Ripening of apricots occurs in mid-July. Fruits are smallish - up to 50 grams, orange in color with a bright blush. The pulp has a sourness, but insignificant; the stone is removed quite easily.

Masterpiece. One of the earliest varieties that are resistant to fungal diseases. The tree is medium, has a compact crown. Rounded apricots, up to 65 gr. The pulp is tasty, sweet, without sourness. Fruits are slightly flattened from the sides, yellow, have a blush. The stone is small, it separates well from the pulp. Apricots are well transported, retain their presentation for up to a week. When pruning, one of the characteristics of the variety should be taken into account - fruiting occurs only on annual growths or bouquet branches. It is better to give preference to thinning and sanitary removal of dry or frozen branches.

Faralya. Another variety that is not only rarely affected by moniliosis, but also has an increased yield and resistance to winter frosts. Faralya is an early apricot, the first fruits are removed from the branches at the beginning of July. The tree is medium, with a spreading crown. Fruits, in addition to large sizes (from 80 grams), are striking in the unique shape of an almost regular triangle. The apricots are juicy, rather dense, of a beautiful bright shade.

Another variety, characterized by resistance to fungus, late ripening of fruits, winter hardiness - Farbeli... Apricot has an attractive appearance - a vigorous tree with a dense crown that requires regular thinning. The yield does not decrease even under unfavorable conditions. Apricots up to 100 gr., Pulp of increased sweetness, with a pleasant aroma. Farbeli's only drawback is that the bone is separated rather poorly.


By choosing the right variety for planting, you can grow an excellent harvest even in harsh climatic conditions. Breeders have bred many varieties that tolerate subzero temperatures perfectly, have excellent taste and are suitable for making homemade preparations. A feature of winter-hardy varieties: they do not need complex care measures. Frost-resistant varieties must be watered, fertilized and pruned regularly.

When choosing a garden culture, many mistakenly neglect the main characteristics, which are important indicators of plant survival and development. Frost resistance and winter hardiness are concepts that many gardeners often confuse.

Frost resistance determines the plant's attitude to winter frosts. Many apricot varieties have acceptable frost-resistant qualities, but many other climatic factors pose the main danger.

Pay attention to the fact that apricots are destructive not so much from frost as the spring temperature drop. Recurrent frosts damage flower buds. Spring floods lead to the soaking of the root system of trees.

Sunburn and many other factors do not allow growing frost-resistant apricot varieties in harsh climatic conditions. For these areas, only varieties are suitable that have winter-hardy qualities that form resistance to factors such as:

  • winter frosts
  • spring frosts
  • spring floods
  • excess solar radiation.

Winter hardiness of apricots is a whole complex of the impact of climatic conditions on the state of the culture.


What varieties of apricots are resistant to moniliosis?

Often, apricot infects moniliosis, fungicides are used to combat this disease, however, chemical treatment of wood is not always safe.

In addition, the process becomes more difficult in rainy weather. Therefore, gardeners often plant apricot varieties resistant to moniliosis in their area.

These varieties include:

Apricot Special Denisyuk

Today, many varieties are known that are immune to moniliosis. The most demanded is the Special Denisyuk.Late ripening variety. The tree is medium-sized. The crown is not particularly thickened. Productivity and winter hardiness are high. The fruits are characterized by an unusual carmine color. Largest in size. Good-tasting pulp, juicy. Ripe fruits are capable of not falling off the branches for a long period.

Monastic apricot

A variation of the average ripening period. The plant is short. The crown is round. Winter hardiness and productivity are good. The fruit is quite large. They are yellow-orange in color. There is no blush. Monastic is distinguished by its unsurpassed aroma and excellent taste. For which he is very fond of domestic gardeners.

Apricot Goldrich

The plant is medium-sized. The crown is spread out, wide. Goldrich is characterized by yield, winter hardiness, immunity to moniliosis and shark. At the moment, this is the largest-fruited variety. The apricot mass reaches 90 grams. There are specimens weighing more than 100 grams. The shape of the fruit is oval, slightly flattened on the sides. The skin is orange with a slight red blush. The pulp is firm, dark orange. The aroma is light, pleasant.


How to grow winter-hardy apricots: video

Description and characteristics of varieties of apricots: reviews, photos

This page contains the best varieties of apricots included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation. Many of them are suitable for the Moscow region and the entire central zone of Russia.

Apricot Iceberg

An early ripe, winter-hardy universal variety. The tree is medium-sized, fast-growing, with a paniculate raised crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the third year. Shoots are straight, dark red, glabrous. The leaves are wide, ovate, short-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny, with a crenate edge.

Fruits are round, with an orange main and red integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 20 grams. The pulp is yellow, tender, juicy, melting, mealy, sweet-sour taste. Tasting score 4 points.

Moderately resistant to clotterosporium disease; aphids were damaged to 1%.

Apricot variety Iceberg is included in the State Register for the Central Region.

Apricot Academician, characteristic


Medium ripening, winter hardy, versatile. Over the years of observation, the variety showed high winter hardiness and withstood negative air temperatures from 38 ° to 40 °.

The trees are vigorous, form a rounded-elongated crown. The stem is of medium thickness. The bark on the trunk is bumpy, gray, on the branches of the first and second orders - pale gray. The leaves are large, ovoid, with a slight taper towards the apex, thin and smooth. Begins fruiting in the third year.
Bloom from 10 to 18 May.

Fruits are large, yellow when fully ripe, weighing 30 grams. The pulp is yellow, tender, fibrous, sweet and sour taste. Tasting score 4 points. The fruits contain: sugars 8.2%, acids 1.8%, vitamin C 11 mg /%.

Advantages: when ripe, the fruits do not crumble, in rainy years they do not crack. Large fruits of universal application, good presentation, resistant to fruit rot. This is the largest-fruited of all our varieties so far.

Apricot variety Akademik is included in the State Register for the Far East region.

Apricot Alyosha, photo


Early ripening, winter-hardy universal variety. The tree is medium-sized, fast-growing, with a paniculate raised crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are straight, dark red, glabrous. Leaves are wide, rounded or ovoid, short-pointed or long-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny, with a crenate edge.

Fruits are round, with a yellow main and red integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 13 grams. The pulp is yellow, gristly, sweet and sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 13.2%, acid 1.8%, sugar 8.1%. Tasting score 3 points.

The resistance to clotterosporium is average; aphids were damaged up to 1%.

Apricot variety Alyosha is included in the State Register for the Central Region.

Apricot Cupid, description

Medium ripening, table. Frost resistance is high. The yield is high. The crown is round, dense. The trunks are resistant to podoprevaniya and burns, but at a young age they are damaged by moniliosis, albeit to a weak extent. The burn resistance is satisfactory. The variety shows the best winter hardiness in elevated locations with well-drained soils, provided the roots are kept from getting wet.

The variety has a relatively high drought resistance. In the first half of summer, it satisfactorily tolerates a lack of moisture in the soil, completely preserves the leaves, fruit ovaries and gives a good annual growth. No death of leaves and branches due to drought was observed. The negative effect of excessive soil moisture on the death of roots was noted.

Trees are resistant to clasterosporium disease, fruits, like all varieties, are damaged by moniliosis in rainy weather. The flowers are relatively resistant to this disease.

The Cupid tree is slow-growing, compact, with a dense, round-elongated crown. The width of the crown at the age of 12 is 3-3.5 meters. The variety has a strong leafiness.

Trees enter the season of fruiting in the third or fourth year of the life of the scion, depending on the quality of the seedlings.

Fruit characteristics

Fruits are small, round, slightly elongated, weighing 32 grams. The side seam is shallow. The skin is yellow with a bright carmine blush. The funnel is shallow and wide. The top of the fruit is pointed. The skin is thin, velvety pubescent. The peduncle is very short, 3-5 mm long, thick. The pulp is orange, dense, tender, of medium juiciness. The taste is good, sweet and sour. The bone is separated. The seed is sweet.

Apricot variety Amur was included in the state register for the Far East region in 1979.

Distinctive features of this variety: round, compact crown, moderate growth. Strong foliage persists until falling leaves. Beautiful fruits with a blush, visible through the leaves, do not fall off when ripe. Red-burgundy buds and slightly pinkish flowers. The variety has well-defined characteristics.

Apricot Kichiginsky, variety description


Mid-season variety for universal use. The tree is medium-sized, with a flat crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 5th year. Shoots of medium thickness, straight, dark red. The leaves are medium, rounded, dark green.

Fruits are round, yellow, with an average weight of 14 grams. The pulp is yellow, juicy, sweet and sour taste. Tasting score 4.5 points. The fruits contain: sugar 6.3%, acid 2.3%, vitamin C 7.6 mg /%.

The variety is self-fertile, winter hardiness is high.

Apricot variety Kichiginsky is included in the State Register for the Ural Region.

Apricot Red-cheeked, photo

This apricot variety has been included in the State Register since 1947, therefore it has long been known among gardeners. It was originally grown in the North Caucasus and southern part of Russia, and although not included in the register for the Moscow region, in recent years it has been successfully grown in central Russia, the Moscow region.

Medium ripening, versatile, self-fertile variety. Winter hardiness is below average. Diseases are affected in a moderate degree. The yield is high.

The tree is vigorous. The crown is round, spreading, rare.

Fruits are large, weighing 50 grams, round or rounded-flat-ovate, very weakly compressed from the sides. The ventral suture is narrow, deep at the base. The skin is golden-orange with a reddish dotted blush, velvety pubescent, thin, dense. The pulp is light orange, dense, tender, aromatic, medium juiciness. The taste is sweet and sour, very good. The stone is large, separated. The seeds are sweet.

Apricot Lel, description

The winter-hardy variety Lel grows well and bears fruit in the climatic conditions of the Moscow region and the Moscow region. In these regions, there are almost no sudden changes in spring night temperatures, at which apricot flowers can freeze, and winter temperatures are stable here, in contrast to frequent temperature fluctuations in the southern regions. This reduces the risk of preheating the tree trunk during the thaw, therefore the Lel variety is considered one of the best for cultivation in these regions of the country.

The tree is medium-sized, reaching 3 meters in height. The dense light brown wood takes on darker shades in the center of the trunk. The tree is of moderate growth. Annual shoots of red-brown color darken with age. Weakly branched shoots form a neat compact crown in 3-4 years.

Dark green shiny ovoid leaves, smooth and soft to the touch. The short-pointed leaf blade is bordered with small denticles. The back of the sheet is matte. On the branches and annual shoots, the leaves are arranged alternately.

Single white-pink flowers sit tightly in the axils of the leaves. They have 5 rounded petals of regular shape and reach 3 cm in diameter. The flowers can withstand a drop in nighttime temperatures down to -1-1.5 ºС. The early flowering period (late April - early May) allows the tree to be an excellent honey plant.

Fruits are round, with an orange main and red integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 18 grams. The pulp is orange, tender, juicy, melting, sweet and sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 16.0%, acid 2.7%, sugar 9.0%. Tasting score 5 points.

The resistance to clotterosporium is average; aphids were damaged up to 1%.

Apricot variety Lel was included in the State Register for the Central Region in 2004.

Apricot Favorite

Medium ripening, dessert variety. The tree is medium-sized, fast-growing, with a paniculate crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3-4th year. Shoots of medium thickness, straight, dark red, glabrous. The leaves are large, ovate, long-pointed, dark green, dull, with a crenate smooth edge.

Fruits are cordate, yellow with red dots, with medium tomentose pubescence, with an average weight of 21 grams. The pulp is yellow, tender, mealy, sweet and sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 11.6%, sugar 6.1%, acid 2.1%, vitamin C 132.0 mg%. Tasting score 4.8 points.

Resistance to frost, pests and diseases is high.

Apricot variety Favorite was included in the State Register for the East Siberian region in 2008.

Monastic apricot, description


Monastyrskiy apricot variety is unpretentious in care, withstands frosts and gives abundant annual harvests.

Monastyrskiy apricot is obtained by free pollination of 3-4 own generation seedlings in the Main Botanical Garden. N.V. Tsitsin RAS in 1996. The author of the variety is L.A. Kramarenko. It has a wide zoning zone, entered in the State Register for the Central Region in 2004. Excellent characteristics and fast acclimatization make it possible to grow this variety in the cities of the Moscow region.

Late ripening, winter-hardy, versatile variety. The tree is medium-sized, fast-growing, with a spherical spreading crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are straight, brownish-yellowish, glabrous. The leaves are large, wide, ovate, long-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny, with a crenate edge.

Fruits are round, with a yellow main and pink integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 22 grams. The pulp is yellow, juicy, mealy, sweet-sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 13.2%, acid 2.1%, sugar 8.0%. Tasting score 4 points.

The resistance to clotterosporium is average; aphids were damaged up to 1%.

Apricot Orlovchanin, characteristic of the variety

Mid-season, versatile variety. The tree is medium-sized with a spreading, raised crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are brown, naked. The leaves are large, wide, ovate, long-pointed, smooth, dull, with a double-toothed edge.

Fruits are flat-rounded-ovate with a yellow base and integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 33 grams. The pulp is yellow, mealy, sweet and sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 11.8%, sugar 6.2%, acid 1.9%, vitamin C 8.7 mg%. Tasting score 4.2 points. The stone separates well from the pulp.

Advantages of the variety: high frost resistance, resistance to clasterosporium disease. Partially self-fertile.

The Apricot variety Orlovchanin is included in the State Register for the Central Black Earth Region.

Apricot Advertising, variety description

A variety for dining purposes, medium late ripening. Selection of the Stavropol Experimental Station for Horticulture. Obtained from crossing of the selected form Zherdeli with the Krasnoshchekiy late variety. Zoned across the Stavropol Territory.

The tree is large, medium-sized, with a reverse pyramidal crown of medium density, good foliage. Skeletal branches are long, of medium thickness, with an angle of origin of about 50 °.Shoots of medium length, slightly geniculate, reddish-brown. The leaf is large, wide, rounded, dark green, smooth, matte with a slight gloss. The flower is medium in size, single, the petals of the corolla are white with a light pink tint. Fruits are placed on one-year growth and shortened shoots (spurs).

Fruit characteristics

Fruits are large, one-dimensional, with an average weight of 40-45 grams, rounded-oval, slightly compressed from the sides, with a basic light yellow color. On the sunny side of the fruit, a pink blush appears with pronounced reddish-violet (carmine) dots covering 1/2 to 1/4 of the fruit's surface. The skin is of medium thickness, slightly pubescent, dull, cannot be removed from the fruit. The pulp is light yellow, juicy, slightly fibrous, of medium density, sweet and sour taste with an apricot aroma. The juice is colorless. The stone is medium in size, round-oval, well separated from the pulp. The seed is bitter, with a characteristic taste of amygdalin. The fruits contain 15.9% dry matter, 11.2% sugars, 19.4% vitamin C. The stem is short, thick, firmly attached to the stone.

Fruits of a medium late ripening period (at the end of July), 3-6 days later than Krasnoshchekiy, are distinguished by good transportability and versatility of use.

It blooms in an average time of 5-6 days, is self-fertile, the best pollinating varieties: Red-cheeked, Stavropol youth. The variety is fast-growing. Trees grafted on an apricot enter the fruiting season 3-4 years after planting.

Winter hardiness of trees and flower buds is relatively high. Drought-resistant. Demanding on soil, light, heat and moisture. Responsive to fertilization. Requires the implementation of measures to protect against diseases and pests. More durable and yielding when cultivated on elevated relief elements. Formation on the improved low-tier crown. Due to the intensive growth, limiting pruning is necessary, followed by the transfer of the conductor to the lateral branch.

Advantages of the variety: early entry into the season of fruiting, high winter hardiness of flower buds, resistance to clasterosporia and monial burn, late ripening of fruits, their attractive appearance and high taste and canning qualities.

To the disadvantages varieties tallness, shrinking of fruits when overloaded with crops, bitter seed, self-infertility should be attributed, for normal fruiting, planting of pollinating varieties is required.

Apricot Samara, description, photo

Late ripening, versatile, frost-resistant. The tree is medium-sized with a spreading, medium-dense crown. Begins fruiting in the 4th year. Shoots of medium thickness, straight, red-brown, glabrous. Leaves are ovate, long-pointed, dark green, smooth, with a finely serrated edge.

Flowering of this variety: May 1-3.

Fruits are one-dimensional, ovate, yellow, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 17.6 g. The pulp is yellow-orange, juicy, dense, sweet and sour taste. The stone separates well from the pulp. Tasting score 4.4 points. The fruits contain: dry matter 13.1%, sugar 8.4%, acid 2.4%, vitamin C 13.8 mg%. The dates for harvesting fruits are August 7-12. The commercial and consumer qualities of the fruit are high. Fruits taken unripe are stored for up to 7-10 days. The transportability of apricots is high.

Bred by A.N. Minin at the Samara zonal experimental station for gardening as a result of crossing the varieties Kuibyshev Jubilee with Kuibyshev early. Introduced into the State Register for the Middle Volga region in 2005.
Propagated by grafting on seedling stocks of winter-hardy varieties: Skorospelki red, Ternoslivy Kuibyshevskaya, Vengerka Oktyabrskaya and clonal stock OPA-15-2.

Trees grow well in elevated areas of the western, southwestern, northwestern slopes, on soils of light and medium texture.

Formative pruning is necessary at a young age. During the period of full fruiting, the ends of the growths should be trimmed by one third; at old age, rejuvenating pruning should be carried out.

Advantages of the variety: high winter hardiness of wood and flower buds, high annual yield, high quality fruits.

Disadvantages of the Samarsky variety: insufficiently large fruits.

Apricot Saratov ruby, description, photo

The hybrid demonstrates the best yield, of course, in its native Saratov region. Reviews from other regions are not always unambiguous, so we can say that it is still being tested.

A variety of medium ripening, universal use. The tree is medium-sized, fast-growing, with a spherical, spreading crown of medium density. Preferential placement of fruit formations on annual shoots, fruit twigs and spurs. The bark is flaky, brown. Shoots are medium, straight, brownish-brown, glabrous. There are few lentils, they are small, yellow-gray. Leaves are medium, wide-rounded, long-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny. The leaf blade is concave, curved downward, sharply pointed, the base of the leaf is dull, there is no pubescence. The edge of the leaf is crenate. The petiole is medium. 2-3 pieces of iron, they are yellow, oval. Flowers in the inflorescence are medium, white, solitary.

Fruits are medium in size, elliptical in shape, with an average weight of 42 grams. The main color of the fruit is light orange, the integumentary color is carmine, blurred over most of the fruit. The skin is medium-rough, with velvety pubescence, it is difficult to remove from the fruit. Orange pulp, medium juiciness. The juice is colorless. The taste is sweet and sour. Tasting score 4.3 points. The content of dry matter in fruits is 14.2%, sugar 8.5%, acid 1.5%, pectin substances 1.33%, vitamin C 12.3 mg%. The stone is small, elliptical, slightly pointed, smooth, well separated from the pulp.

The variety is resistant to moniliosis and clasterosporiosis.

The apricot variety Saratov Ruby is included in the State Register for the Lower Volga Region and is recommended for testing in the North Caucasus region in 2015.

Apricot Sibiryak Baikalova, variety description

A versatile, frost-resistant variety, early ripening. The tree is medium-sized with a spherical spreading crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are thick, straight, red. Leaves are ovoid, dark green, dull, with a coarsely serrated edge.

Fruits are oval, orange, with a slight blush and medium pubescence, with an average weight of 27 g. Orange pulp, fibrous, sweet taste. Tasting score 4.8 points. The fruits contain: dry matter 15.8%, sugar 7.1%, acid 2.4%, vitamin C 8.1 mg /%.

The Sibiryak Baikalova variety was included in the State Register for the East Siberian region in 2002.

Apricot Son of Krasnoshchekiy, description, reviews

The variety was bred at the Rossosh zonal experimental gardening station by M.M. Ulyanishchev from crossing the varieties Golden Summer and Krasnoshekiy. Since 1974, the variety has been zoned in the Astrakhan region. Currently included in the State Register for the Lower Volga region.

The tree is medium to vigorous, with an oval or broadly oval raised dense crown with good foliage. The leaf blade is rounded, with a shortly pointed apex and often curled to one side and a heart-shaped base. The petiole is long, 20-40 mm long, of medium thickness, glabrous, with a bright burgundy anthocyanin coloration on top. The flowers are large, 25-30 mm in diameter, pure white, blossoming from pure white buds.

Fruit characteristics

Fruits with an average weight of 30-35 grams, height 40-45 mm, width 37-38 mm, thickness 34-35 mm, the largest fruits reach a weight of 55-60 grams, oval or round-oval, slightly or moderately flattened from the sides , rather regular, although often the abdominal half is slightly more massive than the dorsal half, the apex of the fruit is rounded, usually with a very small toe at the end of the abdominal suture, the suture is narrow, of medium depth. Orange peel, with a blurred orange-red blush on the sunny side, average pubescence. The stone is medium, weighing 2-3 grams, which is 6.5-8.5% of the fruit weight, oval, the apex is wide-rounded, the base is narrow-rounded, the dorsal suture is closed, the abdominal suture is narrow or of medium width, the central rib is well pronounced , acute, lateral ribs are also well expressed, much more blunt than the central surface of the bone, bumpy, but smooth, the color of the fresh bone is a brown bone in a large cavity, free, the core is bitter. The pulp is bright orange, rather dense, of a solid consistency, juicy, sweet with a light pleasant acid and barely perceptible bitterness, no powdery taste, with a pleasant apricot aroma, the tasting score is high - 4.7 points.

The fruits are used both for fresh consumption and processing. The compotes are of good quality with an overall rating of 4 points (4.1 points for appearance and 3.7 points for taste).

Flowering occurs in the middle or late period. Ripening in the middle period, in the south of the Central Black Earth Region at the end of the second - beginning of the third decade of July Trees begin to bear fruit in 4-5 years, early maturity is good.

Disadvantages of the Son of Krasnoshchekiy variety: irregular yield due to freezing of flower buds.

Apricot Favorite, variety description

Late ripening, winter-hardy, versatile variety. The tree is medium-sized with a spreading, spreading, sparse crown, 3-4 meters high. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are straight, dark red, glabrous. The leaves are large, wide, ovate, long-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny, with a crenate edge.

Fruits are round or ovoid, with a yellow and red integumentary color, with a large dense blush, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 30 grams. The pulp is orange, juicy, gristly, melting, sweet-sour taste. Tasting score 4.5 points.

The Favorit variety was included in the State Register in 2004 for the Central Region.

Disadvantage this variety, like the Monastyrsky, is the late ripening of the fruits. In years with cold rainy summers, the fruits do not have time to ripen and remain unripe on trees in September.

Apricot Khabarovsk, description

Early maturing, winter-hardy, disease-resistant, fruitful apricot variety. ripening period.

The tree is vigorous, reaching large sizes. At the age of 10, its height is 4.8 m, width is 5.1 m. The crown is rare, spreading. Leaves are of medium size, elongated-oval, with a sharp long end. The flowers are large, white. The shape of the petal is rounded.

Trees begin to bear fruit in the fourth, fifth year of the scion's life. The variety is capable of annual sustainable fruiting. Fruits ripen on July 28-30. The maximum yield per tree is 36.6 kg.

Characteristics of Khabarovsk apricot fruits

Fruits are large, average weight 30 grams, maximum 45 grams. The shape is rounded-conical, slightly compressed from the sides. The apex of the fruit is pointed, the lower fossa is deep. The seam is wide and deep. The surface of the fruit is bumpy, strongly pubescent, the skin is not peeling. The color is pale green, integumentary in the form of a continuous, and in some places a dotted orange-red blush. The pulp is thick, medium juiciness, yellow-orange color, pleasant sweetish-sour taste. The fruits contain 12.3% sugars, 2.1% malic acid, 7.9% vitamin C, 16.1% dry matter. By taste, a variety for table purposes. The transportability of the fruits is average. Fruit tasting score 4 points. A stone weighing 1.2 g, round-elongated in shape, with grooves, well behind the pulp. The kernel is sweet.

The variety is resistant to drought and waterlogging. Relatively resistant to moniliosis and clasterosporiosis. It is damaged by the moth to a small extent.

disadvantages: poor winter hardiness in low locations, insufficient fruit transportability.

The Khabarovsk apricot variety was included in the state register in 1979 for the Far East (Primorsky Territory) region.

Apricot Tsarsky, description, photo

Early ripening, versatile, winter-hardy variety. The tree is medium-sized, slow-growing, with a paniculate raised crown of medium density. Begins fruiting in the 3rd year. Shoots are straight, dark red, glabrous. The leaves are wide, round or ovoid, short-pointed, dark green, smooth, shiny, with a crenate edge.

Fruits are round, with a yellow-orange main and red-pink integumentary color, with slight pubescence, with an average weight of 15 grams. The pulp is orange, tender, juicy, melting, sweet-sour taste. The fruits contain: dry matter 17.8%, acid 1.7%, sugar 8.5%. Tasting score 4 points. The fruits of the variety are suitable for fresh consumption, and high quality jams and compotes. The keeping quality of the variety is good.

The Tsarsky apricot variety was included in the State Register for the Central Region in 2004.

Apricot Black velvet, description, photo

A variety of medium ripening, winter-hardy, universal. A tree of medium vigor. The crown is flat-rounded, of medium density.

Fruits are medium in size - 30 g, dark purple, pubescent. The pulp is yellow, pink at the skin, medium density, juicy, sweet-sour, aromatic, very good taste. The stone is medium in size, separating. The fruits ripen at the end of July, are transportable, suitable for fresh consumption and very good for canning.

The variety is partially self-fertile. Winter hardiness is high, at the level of winter-hardy cherry plum varieties. Drought resistance is average. Resistant to moniliosis, clasterosporium disease, bacteriosis, cytosporosis.

Advantages of the variety: high quality fruit, productivity, adaptability.

disadvantages: insufficiently large fruits.

Apricot variety Black Velvet is included in the State Register for the North Caucasus region.

Apricot Triumph North, photo

Obtained from crossing the famous ancient southern variety Krasnoshchekiy and a seedling of the Trans-Baikal apricot Severny early. Author A.N. Venyaminov. It was zoned in the south of the Central Black Earth Zone.

The tree is vigorous, the crown is spreading. The branching is average. Skeletal branches are thick, branch off at an angle of 45 degrees or more. The leaves are large and pointed.

Round-oval apricots. The average fruit weight is 55 grams. The peel is pubescent, of medium thickness, sourish. The color at full maturity is yellow-orange with green on the shady side. Cover color in the form of a continuous blurred or deep red dense blush. The pulp is orange, juicy, tender, melting, pleasant sweet taste. The kernel is sweet. The variety is suitable for fresh consumption.

Apricots of this variety ripen in late July - early August. The first fruiting occurs in the 4th year of the tree's life in the garden. Harvesting intensively.

Winter hardiness of wood is high, flower buds are medium. Disease resistant.

The apricot variety Triumph North is not included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.

Reviews about varieties of apricots from gardeners

If you grow any of these varieties of apricots, please write what characteristics are most important to you. What is the yield from 1 tree in your climatic conditions?

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Conclusion

Summer residents who love early-ripening apricot varieties choose the Firstborn of Samara or Iceberg for planting. Trees rarely get sick and come into fruiting early, the harvest is harvested in July. For fresh consumption and cooking, Dessertny, Tsarsky or Alyosha apricots are grown. They have juicy and aromatic fruits, sweet and sour pulp, pleasant to the taste.

For industrial purposes and trade, the varieties Veteran of Sevastopol, Kunach, Polesskiy large-fruited are planted. The weight of their fruits is from 30 to 80 g. Apricot varieties for Central Russia must be frost-resistant, with strong immunity.


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