Mint: growing from seeds at home and in the garden
Peppermint (lat.Mentha piperita), or cold mint or English mint, or peppermint, or chill - a herbaceous perennial, a species of the genus Mint of the Lamiaceae family, or Lipocytes, bred by hybridization of garden mint (spikelet) and water mint. Peppermint was considered a valuable plant in ancient Rome: mint leaves were used to rub furniture, and rooms were sprayed with water infused with mint.
In Ancient Egypt, mint was placed in the tombs of the pharaohs, and it got its name in honor of the nymph Menta, who was turned into a plant with a wonderful, delicate, but cold aroma.
The mint plant is very popular in English cuisine as a spice for lamb sauce. Americans use mint as an ingredient in fruit and vegetable salads, and as an additive to tomato juice and mixed drinks. Peppermint is grown for the manufacture of medicines of various actions.
Planting and caring for mint
- Landing: sowing mint in the ground - in April and early August. Sowing seeds for seedlings - in mid-April, planting seedlings in the ground - in mid or late May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, bright diffused light, light partial shade.
- The soil: loose, moist, fertile, manured under the previous culture.
- Watering: evening, at first - frequent, and when the seedlings are taken, watering becomes periodic and moderate.
- Top dressing: after planting seedlings or emergence of seedlings, the site is mulched with peat or compost mixed with ash.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphids, mint fleas, weevils, meadow moths, mint mites, slobbering pennies, wireworms, bears, cabbage moth caterpillars, round-winged moth, burdock and meadow moth.
- Diseases: rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilting, anthracnose, septoria (white spot), overgrowth.
Read more about growing mint below.
Mint plant - description
The rhizome of peppermint is horizontal, branched, with thin fibrous roots, stems from 30 to 100 cm high, erect, hollow, straight, tetrahedral, covered with short hairs. Peppermint leaves on short petioles, oblong, ovate, oppositely opposite, pointed to the apex and cordate at the base, with a sharp-serrate edge. The upper side of the leaf plate is dark green, the lower is lighter. The length of the leaves is from 3 to 5 cm, the width is 1.5-2 cm. Small lilac flowers form spike-shaped inflorescences. Mint blooms from late June to September. Mint fruit - consisting of four coenobium nuts, however, mint fruits are formed very rarely. Mint is a valuable melliferous plant; honey from it turns out to be amber in color with a distinct mint aroma.
- How to grow mint at home?
- How is mint growing from seeds and planting mint outdoors?
- What types and varieties of mint are suitable for growing on a windowsill?
- What are the benefits of mint?
You will find answers to these and other questions in our article.
Growing mint on a windowsill
Sowing mint seeds
To the questions of how to grow mint on the windowsill and how to grow mint from seeds, we answer: very simple. You can actually place a container with crops on the windowsill, or you can use a warmed loggia or veranda to grow mint.
Growing peppermint should be started by preparing the substrate: mix equal parts of humus, peat, sand and garden soil and ignite this mixture in the oven. Mint seeds for sowing can be purchased at any garden store or prepared yourself. Mint is sown into a moist substrate in grooves 5 cm deep, after which the grooves are carefully sealed, and the crops are covered with foil and placed in a warm, bright place.
Home mint care
How to grow mint at home? Planting and caring for mint during the seedling period is no different from planting and caring for any other seedlings. As soon as the seedlings appear, and under normal conditions this will happen within two to three weeks, move the crops as close to the light as possible so that the seedlings do not stretch out. If there is not enough light for the seedlings, arrange artificial lighting.
The optimum temperature for the development of seedlings is 20-25 ºC, but if mint grows on the windowsill in conditions of insufficient lighting, the temperature of its content should be within 15-17 ºC. When the seedlings grow up, you can plant them in the garden, or you can continue growing at home.
Mint at home needs adjusting care measures at different stages of the growing season. For example, in summer, during the period of maximum activity of the plant, drying out of the soil is unacceptable, since it can lead to the death of mint. In addition, the risk of the appearance of harmful insects increases from a lack of moisture. In winter, watering the plant requires caution, since at this time of the year, waterlogging is much more dangerous for mint than dry soil.
It is much more important in winter, when heating devices that dry the air in the room work at full capacity, to spray the mint with water at room temperature as often as possible.
Protect the plant from drafts, protect it from pests and monitor its health. As you can see, planting and caring for mint at home is not difficult and even pleasant for many.
Planting mint outdoors
When to plant mint
In this section we will answer readers' questions “How to plant mint? How to plant mint in the country? How to grow mint? "
Mint is sown in spring, in April, and in summer, in early August. If you decide to use the seedling method of seed propagation or plant cuttings, then planting mint is carried out in the second half of May. A well-lit or slightly shaded place is suitable for growing a crop. It is desirable that there are no flowers, berries and vegetables within a radius of 60-80 cm from the mint, otherwise you will not be able to grow a high-quality plant. Try to set aside an area for the mint as far away from plants as cucumbers, cabbage, or beets as possible, as dark spots can appear on the mint leaves from this neighborhood.
Where to plant mint? In what soil does it grow better? Mint grows well on soils in which manure was introduced under the previous crops. The soil is preferable loose, moist and fertile - for example, black soil. Peppermint growing in limestone soil is not as fragrant, and in swampy acidic soil, the plant will be weak.
Clear the area of weeds and, under digging to a depth of 20 cm, add 3 kg of humus, 15 g of superphosphate, ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride and 2 tablespoons of ash to each m². If the groundwater is close to the surface, arrange higher beds for the mint. Dig in slate or plastic restraints around the perimeter of the site, since mint, like a weed, can creep throughout the garden.
How to plant mint
Planting mint in the ground is done in grooves about 5 cm deep, located at a distance of 40 cm, the distance between the seedlings is maintained at 30-50 cm. The grooves are covered with soil, slightly trampled and watered.
How to grow mint
Growing mint doesn't require much effort on your part. Caring for mint includes the usual procedures for every gardener: watering, loosening and weeding the site, feeding mint and protecting it from pests and diseases.
Watering mint in the evenings, and at first, until the seedlings take over, watering is needed very often. After watering, it is convenient to loosen the soil on the site and remove weeds.
Top dressing mint
Mint is fed once a season, in spring: the plot is mulched with peat or compost mixed with ash.
Mint is harvested during the period of mass flowering - at this time it contains the largest amount of essential oil. Once harvested, the mint grows back and gives a second crop.
What to plant after mint
After a leaf crop, it is best to grow roots of vegetables such as turnips, turnips, beets, carrots on the site. Potatoes can be grown after mint.
Mint pests and diseases
Diseases of mint
The most harmful disease for mint is rust. This is a fungal disease, the development of which is provoked by low temperatures with high air humidity, excess nitrogen in the soil and non-observance of crop rotation. Symptoms of rust are the appearance of auburn pads on the underside of the leaves.
Harmful to the plant and powdery mildew, which can be recognized by a cobweb whitish bloom on the leaves and stems that appears in the second half of summer. You can protect mint from powdery mildew by digging an area in autumn to a depth of 20 cm and processing mint with a 1% solution of colloidal sulfur.
Verticillary wilting - another fungal disease, from which several upper pairs of mint leaves turn black, which leads to the death of the plant. As agrotechnical measures to combat wilting, one can consider the observance of crop rotation, the destruction of plant residues after harvest and the cultivation of disease-resistant varieties of mint - for example, Prilukskaya 6.
Anthracnose disease can be identified by brown spots on the leaves of the plant. The fungus is destroyed by three or four times processing of mint with one percent Bordeaux liquid, and as a preventive measure, an autumn digging of the site is carried out.
Spotting, or septoria, appears on the leaves of the plant with black dots and angular brown spots up to 8 mm in size, bordered by a black rim. The methods of dealing with this type of fungus are the same as with anthracnose: repeated processing of mint with one percent Bordeaux liquid.
The most dangerous disease of mint is rightfully considered overgrowth, caused by mycoplasmas: the plant stops developing, its leaves acquire an uncharacteristic color for the species, the development of the root system stops. The problem is that there is no cure for this scourge, and the only thing you can do is remove diseased specimens from the garden as soon as possible and destroy healthy plants, and urgently transplant healthy plants to another site. As a preventive measure, one can consider the fight against harmful insects, through whose fault the disease usually occurs.
Peppermint attracts a large number of insects, most of them harmful. Among them mint flea - a small yellow beetle only 1.5 mm long, making round holes in the leaves of the plant. This pest is most annoying with a dry, warm spring. Approximately the same is the behavior of the green scutellor, which not only gnaws holes in the leaves, but also eats them at the edges. Makes holes in mint leaves and leaf beetle.
The most dangerous pest of all plants is considered aphid - the smallest insect that can cause serious harm. It settles in whole colonies on the underside of the leaves and sucks out juice from them, from which the plant slows down growth and development, ceases to form full-fledged leaves. Worst of all, aphids are carriers of incurable viral diseases. Sucking pests also include leafhoppers, from which young plants usually suffer.
Weevil beetles strike in two directions at once: adults gnaw at the edges of mint leaves, and the larvae feed on the roots of the plant.
A mint pest like meadow moth, able to independently destroy a whole bush.
In the southern regions, the plant can be annoyed mint mite, which hibernates in the ground at a depth of about 10 cm, and from May to the end of summer feeds on the juice of the tops of the shoots.
Adults and larvae slobbery penny deform mint shoots, leaving foamy lumps in the leaf axils and on the stems.
If wheatgrass grows wildly in the mint area or potatoes were grown there last year, you will have to deal with wireworms - the larvae of the click beetle, gnawing at the roots of the mint.
In addition to the described pests, mint can be damaged by a bear, caterpillars of a cabbage scoop, a round-winged moth, a burdock and a meadow moth.
To fight all these parasites, first of all, preventive measures must be taken: once every two years, change the site for mint, and in the vacant place, carry out a deep digging of the soil; after harvesting, harvest and burn plant residues. If you find pests, try to cope with them by treating mint with a concentrated decoction of celandine, for the preparation of which you need to pour 200 g of dry plant leaves with a bucket of water, let it brew for a day and add grated soap to the infusion.
But if the folk remedy did not help, spend several sessions of spraying the area with Decis, trying to complete the processing cycle a month before harvesting.
Types and varieties of mint
In nature, there are about 25 species of mint and 10 subspecies of peppermint, with the most famous of which we will introduce you.
A powerful plant up to 90 cm tall. This type of mint does not have the cooling effect of peppermint, as the main ingredient in garden mint essential oil is carvone. This type is used to flavor toothpaste, tea additives and soft drinks.
Bush reaching 80-90 cm in height. This plant differs from other species in frost resistance and curly leaves, which do not have a sharp menthol flavor of peppermint. This type is more often used in cooking, and in folk medicine, boiled mint leaves are used as a sedative, for therapeutic baths and to relieve pain in injuries.
Shrub up to 60 cm high with velvety rounded leaves of dark green color. The aroma of this species is not as intense as that of peppermint. It is added to soups, meat dishes, salads and various drinks, as well as to desserts and pastries.
A powerful plant up to 150 cm high with a creeping rhizome, a four-sided dissected stem and dark green leaves with serrate-toothed edges. Plants of this species have a pleasant delicate aroma, which allows their leaves to be used as an addition to salads, vegetable broths and soups, as well as some meat dishes - kebabs and fried beef, for example. They put the leaves of long-leaved mint in the marinade when preserving eggplants, used as a spice for salting cabbage. This type of mint is in demand in the perfume industry, in particular for soap making.
Field mint (or wild, or horse, or deaf)
A widespread species in nature, the bushes of which reach a height of 80 cm, and the leaves are devoid of the cooling menthol taste and the pungent smell of peppermint. Fresh or dried field mint leaves are added to tea and other drinks, put in baked goods, they are used to season salads, fish dishes, vegetable soups and cabbage when salted. Field mint broths treat headaches and inflammation.
Plant with an erect, branched, slightly pubescent stem up to 1 m high, covered with opposite ovoid rounded leaves, serrated at the edges. The upper part of the leaf plate is dark green, the lower one is lighter. This species has not only a pleasant mint-lemon aroma, but also healing properties. Another name for the plant is lemon balm.
Perennial with a stable, straight stem, 40 to 100 cm in height and wrinkled green leaves with a creamy strip along the edge, with a pleasant aroma. The beneficial properties of fragrant mint have long been known, it is also in demand in cooking.
In addition to the species described, domestic, Moroccan, Korean, orange (bergamot), dog, steppe, water mint and other varieties of this plant are widely grown in culture.
With regard to the type of peppermint grown on an industrial scale, the varieties of peppermint and peppermint hybrids are striking in their variety. The most famous among them are:
- Prilukskaya 6 - a time-tested variety with a large number of leaves on the stems and a growing season of about 100 days. The content of menthol in the leaves of this variety is about 50%, and the amount of essential oil reaches 3%;
- Medicinal 4 - a large plant up to 1 m in height with a growing season of up to 115 days and with anthocyanin coloration of leaves containing up to 4% essential oil and up to 60% menthol;
- Riddle - a variety of Ukrainian selection with green leaves without anthocyanin coloration with a growing season of about 110 days. The essential oil in the leaves of this variety is up to 3.5%, and menthol is about 65%;
- Charm - a variety of Belarusian selection up to 70 cm high, having a reddish-purple coloration only in the lower part of the bush. The variety is interesting mainly in that it forms seeds, and casts doubt on its belonging to the type of peppermint;
- Ukrainian pepper - a high-yielding and drought-resistant variety, rarely affected by diseases, containing up to 61% of essential oil and up to 53% of menthol;
- Udaichan - a highly productive, winter-hardy non-growing variety with a menthol content in essential oil of about 47-52%.
Peppermint varieties such as Simferopolskaya 200, Zagrava, Zarya, Vysokomentolnaya, Serebristaya, Yantarnaya, Medichka, Moskvichka, Krasnodarskaya 2, Kubanskaya 6 and others are also popular.
Mint properties - harm and benefit
Medicinal properties of mint
Leaves, flowers and shoots of mint contain bitter, tannins and biologically active substances, fats, sugars, phytoncides, vitamins C and P, mineral salts, carotene, essential oil, which contains menthol. In traditional and folk medicine, mint is used to treat cardiovascular diseases, nervous disorders, insomnia, headaches, neuralgia, toothache, inflammation of the digestive system, asthma, colds, bronchitis, throat diseases, atherosclerosis and other diseases.
Menthol has antiseptic, analgesic and antispasmodic effects. To expand the coronary vessels with angina pectoris, with pain in the intestines or stomach, mint is taken orally. Externally, you can use mint for neuralgia, bronchitis, toothache. Menthol is a part of Zelenin drops, ointments for the common cold, valocordin, and mouthwash mixtures. Infusions and tinctures of mint leaves are used to increase appetite, improve digestion, to get rid of nausea and vomiting.
Medicines containing mint are used to relieve hepatic colic, as a choleretic agent for jaundice or gallstones, and to stimulate cardiac activity.
In Germany, mint leaves are included in medicinal tea, recommended for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and flatulence. Mint baths are popular in this country. In Australia, decoctions and tinctures are prepared from peppermint. In Poland, mint leaves are used to treat inflammation of the periosteum, middle ear, insomnia, migraine and neuralgia. It is included in the collection to improve the taste and smell.
In our folk medicine, mint leaves are used as a diaphoretic, choleretic and refreshing agent. Wild mint leaves are used to make juice to treat kidney stones, and in combination with white wine is used as a diuretic. Peppermint is included in tea, gastric collection and bath collection.
Mint is in demand in cooking and perfumery.
Mint - contraindications
The harm of mint can manifest itself with individual intolerance to drugs from it. There have been cases of allergic reactions to mint. Mint oil is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, as well as for children under 6 years old. Do not get carried away with peppermint preparations for men, as it reduces sexual desire. An overdose of mint medications can cause bronchospasm, heart pain, and sleep disturbance.
We offer you recipes for mint preparations that will surely not harm anyone:
- pour a tablespoon of mint leaves with two glasses of boiling water, let it brew for 2 hours, strain and use to rinse with halitosis;
- pour a tablespoon of mint leaves with a glass of boiling water, wrap it up, let it brew for 30-40 minutes, strain and take a tablespoon every three hours for nausea or abdominal pain. If you vomit, take half a cup;
- infuse one part of crushed mint leaves in 20 parts of seventy percent alcohol for a week. Take 10-15 drops for nausea or headaches.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Lamiaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
Sections: Garden plants Weeds Lighthouses (Lipocytes) Spicy plants Plants per M Leafy
How to plant mint and where is it better to plant it, caring for mint
Growing mint is incredibly rewarding for a grower. Widely used in cooking for preparing side dishes or flavoring dishes, this plant also has unique healing properties. And what can we say about mint tea! Fragrant, delicate, refreshing, thirst-quenching and revitalizing, this drink is a traditional item of favorite meals for thousands of tea gourmets. How to plant mint and what is the care of the plant? Consider the main issues of planting and growing this crop.
How to grow lemon balm
Sow lemon balm seeds for seedlings in early March. To do this, dry seeds should be placed in a groove with a depth of 0.5 cm in a container with a ready-made soil mixture (one part of peat, turf and humus each) and spilled with warm water. Before sprouting, the soil must be sprayed every other day. Seedlings appear in 8-10 days.
Seedlings should be planted between April 25 and May 5. Plant the plants 12 cm apart. Water lemon balm 3 times a week. When the plants reach 20-25 cm in height and buds appear, they should be pinched to prevent flowering. This will increase the lateral branching, and during the summer period the greens can be cut 2-3 times.
Fresh mint - grown from seed
- Full photo
Mint seed cultivation
Mint has long been known for its medicinal properties. It is often used in the treatment of colds, as well as as a remedy for headaches and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Peppermint has an excellent calming effect, so it is recommended to use it for stress and various sleep disorders. This plant is used both fresh as a seasoning and component of cocktails, desserts or salads, and in dry form for brewing tea or, for example, creating special fragrant pillows, which are widely used in aromatherapy and interior design.
Thus, it is very beneficial to have fresh or dry stocks of mint at home. It is easy enough to grow it both in the garden and simply on the windowsill or balcony when it comes to apartment conditions. A great way to keep fresh mint in your home is to grow it from the seeds of this plant.
Mint is best sown in the fall or spring. This plant is quite unpretentious, but, of course, it takes root best of all on soft and fertile soil. Peppermint (grown from seed) works great at home. In an apartment, it can be grown all year round, and to plant it, you just need to sow it at a shallow depth in good soft soil and put it in a well-lit place. From leaving, she will only need watering and loosening the soil. True, in the cold season, the plant will not interfere with complementary foods.
Thus, growing peppermint from seed is easy enough and provides tremendous benefits.
For mint to grow in your apartment on the windowsill, you don't have to look for seeds and waste time until it grows. It is enough to buy fresh sprigs of mint in the store, cut off part of the stem and put it in water. As soon as roots appear, plant in a pot of soil.
Mini-garden in an apartment: how to grow vegetables, herbs and even strawberries at home
Cucumbers, peppers, carrots and even strawberries! All this can be grown on a balcony or windowsill and there is fresh, eco-friendly, and most importantly, free vegetables and fruits all year round. Right now, we will tell you how to set up a mini-vegetable garden in a city apartment.
Growing food in a city is popular all over the world. So, Britta Riley lives in a tiny apartment in New York. She came up with a vertical hydroponic vegetable garden. It takes up little space and produces a good harvest. Britta talked about her innovation at TED.
In the West, if a product is labeled eco, bio or organic, it means two things. Firstly, these products are grown, harvested and processed in accordance with environmental standards, that is, without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, growth stimulants and other "nasty". They have been certified, and serious organizations have guaranteed their quality. Secondly, organic products are much more expensive than conventional ones.
In Russia, the “clean food” market is just emerging. Biocertification and control systems have not yet been formed. And the difference in prices between organic products and ordinary vegetables and fruits sometimes reaches 1,000%! Therefore, for us, the most eco, bio and organic are products grown by our own hands.
But not everyone has dachas and relatives in the village. What should urban children do, who are accustomed to seeing potatoes washed and in nets, and greens in vacuum packages? Grow vegetables and fruits directly on the balcony or windowsill.
6 reasons to arrange a mini-vegetable garden at home
- You can pamper yourself with fresh vegetables and herbs full of vitamins all year round.
- Saving. Vegetables and fruits are expensive, especially in winter. With a home garden, you no longer have to adjust to the season (we eat plenty of tomatoes only in July, and apples in September).
- You yourself can grow a plant from a tiny seed with your own hands, you can collect fruits. This is a creative activity that charges with positive energy.
- You can improve your knowledge of biology, gain useful skills and acquire an exciting hobby.
- Your children will see how tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables grow, and they will understand that they do not materialize miraculously in the refrigerator, their cultivation is a serious work.
- You can surprise your friends and acquaintances. Imagine showing off your harvest by showing your window beds. )
What you need to grow vegetables and herbs at home
- A place... This is usually a windowsill or balcony. Better if they face the sunny side. If not, lamps will be required for additional lighting. If necessary, the window sill can be expanded or racks for "beds" can be built (the minimum distance between shelves is 50 cm).
- Capacities... Clay or plastic pots, wooden boxes can serve as beds for a home garden. The main thing is that there are holes in the bottom for draining water. It is recommended to place containers on pallets.
- Priming... There are many potting mixes available for indoor gardens. As a rule, several layers are made: peat, compost, turf. You can prepare the soil yourself, or you can buy it in a specialized store.
- Seeds... Some varieties of tomatoes or cucumbers grow well at home, while others do not even sprout. Therefore, before you start indoor gardening, you need to sit on the forums, read articles on the Internet and find out which seeds to buy.
In addition, you may need fertilizers, top dressing, a thermometer and a vessel for settling water (house plants are watered with water at room temperature, separated from chlorine).
Mint and lemon balm
Melissa Is a perennial plant that is very easy to grow and has many uses in everyday life. Melissa is in the same plant family as mint. It has a light lemon scent that many will remember, as it is often used as a fragrance in various household liquids, for example, dishwashing detergent, furniture polish and others.
We grow lemon balm in the garden. Melissa prefers partially shaded areas and moist, fertilized soil. Places near downpipes or near fences and walls are ideal. Like mint, lemon balm can grow unnecessarily and take up space on the site, so always keep an eye on this and pull out any plants that have gone beyond their assigned boundaries. In hot weather, water lemon balm constantly, and also pour a layer of mulch on the soil.
Reproduction of lemon balm. Melissa can be grown from seeds or root pieces. You can germinate it in a glass of water. If you are growing from seed, start this process indoors. Lemon balm seeds are very small and can be blown off the ground even by a gentle wind. The outer shell of the seeds is very dense, so the seeds should be soaked in hot water for a day before planting. And, before they rise, it may take several weeks.
We grow lemon balm in the house. As a houseplant, lemon balm can give your room a fresh, light lemon scent all year round. Just put it in a sunny place and don't let it dry out. Use ready-made potting soil and choose a pot that is about 10-12 centimeters on the smallest side. Melissa in a flower pot feels better if it contains more than one plant. If your lemon balm gets too tall, it means that it lacks the sun.
Harvesting and drying lemon balm. This hardy plant can be harvested during the summer by tearing off the leaves. They quickly grow back and at one time you can remove many leaves without fear. If the leaves are not stored correctly, then lemon balm quickly loses its taste. Therefore, when drying, seal the leaves tightly in an airtight container and keep the container in a cool, dry place. The dried leaves are stored intact and crushed immediately before use.
Using. In cooking, lemon balm is used as a condiment in sweet or savory dishes. It also makes a good addition to fruit salad or as a component of meat marinades. It can be used as a seasoning for fish or as a flavoring for buns and biscuits, and lemon balm tea relieves tension.
Mint Is the most famous member of its family, which also includes lemon balm. It is very easy to grow mint, and even if you are a completely inept gardener and almost all plants die on your site, then you should not have any problems with mint. These plants are so hardy that they can grow almost anywhere. Often it even multiplies in the garden without any interference and thus resembles weeds. Therefore, if you are going to grow mint not in pots, but in the beds, then you will have to make a barrier for the root system to prevent it from taking over your entire garden. You need to dig a hole about 25 centimeters deep and put a plastic bag there, with drainage holes cut out. You can use an old bucket instead of a bag, but you have to dig a deeper hole.
If you want to have fresh peppermint leaves on hand for your tea or mojito, you will have to buy or take a small plant, as peppermint cannot be grown from seeds. Other types of mint, such as garden mint, can be grown from seed, but it will take a couple of months. Therefore, it is best to buy ready-made plants, as they normally begin to grow after a couple of weeks.The only good seed is if you decide to grow a rare species that cannot be bought as a seedling.
Mint has a great smell and is widely used (as a breath freshener, to repel insects, as an ingredient in soft drinks, as an additive to tea). The most famous is mint tea. If you don't like peppermint tea, try the fresh leaf option first before ditching it altogether. Mint does not have parts of the plant that can harm, so feel free to tear off the stem and leaves from it and soak them for 5-10 minutes. This drink not only invigorates and leaves a fresh taste in the mouth, but also relieves stomach discomfort. If you want to try something with a new flavor then try the following recipe:
- 3 peppermint leaves
- 3 garden mint leaves
- 3 lemon balm leaves
Add these leaves to a cup of boiling water. Let it brew for 10 minutes. Add honey or sugar to taste.
Mint - growing from seeds at home
Mint is a unique perennial plant whose valuable properties are appreciated by many gardeners. It is used in cooking, to brew delicious aromatic tea, and to treat some colds.
That is why many are trying to cultivate it not only in the country, but also at home. This can be done with cuttings and seeds.
Mint is a fragrant, gentle and refreshing herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. It is not demanding on the climate and the growing region, therefore it is grown by many gardeners in the country. But its widespread use in cooking leads to the need for many housewives to grow it at home.
Mint is widespread in different regions of our country, while it has more than 300 different species, but only 20-25 varieties are most widespread.
Unlike other horticultural crops, this plant has a menthol refreshing scent that is slightly weaker in pepper than in other varieties. Depending on the variety, it can have a green or reddish-purple color of leaves and stems. In this case, cultivation can be carried out in different ways.
You can plant it both with the help of a cuttings and with seeds. At the same time, for growing at home, novice gardeners generally choose the first option, since it is easy to implement. The second method is more complicated, since the use of seeds to obtain seedlings is a laborious and time-consuming process.
But if all the requirements and recommendations are followed, any housewife, even a very busy one, will be able to grow viable seedlings at home. Mint is a fairly undemanding plant, so it does not need regular watering, feeding and replanting.
Landing - step by step instructions
Growing mint using seeds is a long, laborious and complex process, since it requires increased attention, without which the seedlings can die. Also, the seeds do not guarantee full germination, therefore, even when using a whole bag of them, only a few seedlings can sprout.
Another factor that is important to consider when using this method is the fact that hybrid varieties, when propagated and grown by seed, can produce a plant that is different from the mother. Such varieties-hybrids include pepper, Dutch and others.
This method is preferable to use if planting is carried out in winter, and the seeds cannot be collected from the mother. In this case, a bag of planting material of a certain type (curly, peppery, lemon, long-leaved, and others) can be bought at a regular gardening store.
It is advisable to immediately take several, since when using them it is difficult to get good germination. Despite the fact that planting mint seeds is quite difficult, if you follow all the recommendations, rules and requirements of gardeners, you can get a good result.
So, how to grow mint at home. To do this, it is important to follow the steps:
- Since the seed size is very small, the process of sowing them must be taken very carefully. If a seed hits the ground deeply, it will not be able to break through to the surface. That is why it is important to maintain the optimum planting depth, which is no more than 5 mm. The best time for this is early spring.
- For home sowing, it is better to choose a small, clean enamel dish. The best option is an ordinary plastic pallet, since it is quite easy to use, it is clearly visible even without the need to open the lid, and after transplanting the seedlings, you can simply throw it away.
Growing and replanting seedlings
Mint from seeds hatch after a while - on average 1-2 weeks. When sowing a significant amount of seeds, plastic containers can be stacked on top of each other, which will significantly reduce the space they occupy on the windowsill.
Growing mint on a windowsill
Growing mint will be more successful if the containers with the growth are placed on the windowsill. The plant is light-loving enough, so it should receive ultraviolet rays for at least 4 hours a day. To do this, it is best to place containers on windows that face northeast or west.
With a lack of sunlight when planting at home, the plant may simply die, but it is not recommended to allow direct sunlight to fall on the seedlings during the day. This can lead to burns on the leaves and complications of care.
But if there is a lack of light during the day or in winter conditions, artificial light from table or special lamps can be used to create additional lighting.
If the plant grows poorly, you need to use additional lighting.
To do this, they need to be placed at a certain height, which will prevent burns, which is 50 cm.
After the seedlings are strong and strong, they can be planted in separate containers. To do this, you need to pick up plastic deep containers and bowls, and place them on a lighted windowsill. It is important to provide for good drainage in pots, which can be crushed stone or broken brick.
Fertile soil with an acid-base composition within 6-7 is suitable for transplantation, feeding is carried out with specialized fertilizers and preparations.
Care after landing
Mint, like lemon balm, is not a demanding plant, which is why its cultivation is so common at home. But to ensure good survival of seedlings and abundant growth, special care is required for it, which should include the main activities:
- Removal of weeds during periodic weeding and loosening of the soil in a pot or container for planting seedlings.
- Moderate watering, the frequency of which depends on temperature and humidity. For example, when grown in winter, the plant requires moderate watering, and in hot summer, abundant watering.
- Application of mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus, which help maintain vitality.
- A plant transplant, which is necessarily carried out once every two or three years. This procedure rejuvenates the plant and ensures good growth and development.
Planting mint requires careful adherence to all these care requirements at first, until the mint gets stronger and stronger. Subsequently, she ceases to require such attentive care.
Growing mint seeds at home is not difficult. But in order to obtain viable seedlings, it is important to comply with all the basic requirements for planting and care.