Mikado tomatoes: a description of the imperial varieties
Mikado literally translated from Japanese means "high gate". This was the ancient title of the emperor of the Land of the Rising Sun. Now it is not used. But, undoubtedly, the tomato, which was given such a big name, must have excellent qualities. Further, it is described in some detail about the Mikado tomato variety.
Official Mikado - features of the variety
There are different opinions about the place of appearance of this variety:
- some argue that the homeland of this variety is America, where it appeared in the 19th century from the ShahMikado variety;
- according to others, Mikado appeared on Sakhalin in the last quarter of the last century.
On sale you can find seeds of several varieties of Mikado tomatoes. But the pink Mikado variety was officially presented to the State Commission of the Russian Federation for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements in November 2013. It passed a variety test, and in 2015 the State Variety Commission included it in the State Register of Crops Admitted to Growing. The Moscow breeding company "Gavrish" was registered as the originator of the variety. The recommended cultivation method is in film greenhouses of personal subsidiary plots.
Originator of Mikado pink variety - Gavrish firm
Description and characteristics of Mikado pink
Pink Mikado, according to information in the State Register, is a tomato of medium early ripening. In the descriptions given in the network, the ripening period of the first fruits is 90–95 days, in other sources - 120–130 days. This gap can be explained by the fact that the information reflects the situation in different regions. Although the variety is recommended for cultivation in greenhouses, in the south of the country it is successfully cultivated in the open field.
Pink Mikado is a tomato variety that is recommended to be grown in greenhouses, but in the southern regions it is also grown outdoors.
Bushes of Mikado pink are indeterminate, and therefore, they must be tied to a support. In the open field, they can grow up to 1.5-2 meters, and in the greenhouse - up to 2.5. Plants need shaping and pinching to get large fruits and ripen them in time. In the middle lane and to the north, when grown in a greenhouse, Mikado is formed into one stem; in more southern regions, vegetable growers leave two or even three main shoots.
The pink, rounded Mikado fruits with a pronounced ribbing have an average density. There are 6 or more seed nests inside each tomato. The size of large fruits is in the range of 0.3–0.36 kg, but with especially careful care they can grow up to 0.6 kg.
During the variety testing, professional tasters rated the sweetish taste of Mikado pink tomatoes as excellent. The opinion of those who grew this variety of tomatoes and spoke on the Internet about its taste almost completely coincides with this assessment. Basically, these tomatoes are eaten fresh or processed into juice, pasta, sauces. They are not very suitable for home preservation due to the rather large size of the fruits, and in salting or marinade, the delicate Mikado pulp can lose its taste.
The yield of Mikado pink in the variety test was 5-6 kilograms per square meter. The variety gives the best harvest in the Crimea, in the Kuban, as well as in the Astrakhan, Belgorod and Voronezh regions.
Gardeners note the low susceptibility of tomatoes of this variety to various diseases.
Growing Mikado pink
Mikado pink is grown in the same way as other indeterminate tomatoes.
The agrotechnology of growing Mikado pink tomatoes does not fundamentally differ from the cultivation of other tomatoes with an indeterminate nature of development. To successfully grow Mikado, there are several nuances to consider:
- the planting scheme should be such that 1 m2 there were 2-4 plants, for example, 50x50 cm;
- 2-3 days after planting in a permanent place, the soil near the plants should be loosened, and after 7-10 days, hilling should be carried out;
- Mikado pink reacts sharply to the presence of weeds, weeding should be carried out regularly as they grow;
- the planted seedlings are fed with organic matter (mullein solution 1: 8 or chicken droppings 1:15)
- a week after determining the plants to a permanent place;
- a second feeding with the same substances can be performed half a month after the first;
- if necessary (weak growth of seedlings) with the same interval, you can carry out the same third feeding;
- watering Mikado tomatoes should be moderate, in accordance with the weather;
- when growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, daily ventilation of the room is necessary to maintain normal humidity;
- as the plants grow, tie them to supports or trellis; Photo 8
- regularly remove extra stepchildren when their length is 3-4 cm, and the lower leaves on the plant, this will increase the size of the fruits and accelerate their ripening;
- in the northern regions of Mikado pink, like other indeterminate tomatoes, in the second half of August or the first of September, plant growth is stopped, removing the apical shoot of the main stem so that 2 leaves remain above the last cluster of tomatoes, this will allow the formed fruits to ripen before frost.
Reviews about Mikado pink
Review of pink Mikado tomato in comparison with the Wonder of the Earth variety - video
On the internet and in garden stores, you can find several varieties of Mikado tomatoes.
Having become interested in the Mikado variety, you can find on the Internet and the shelves of specialized stores not only a pink tomato with that name, but also yellow or gold, orange, red, black. They are produced by different manufacturers, or even do not have any identification marks on the packaging. There is no guarantee for the gardener. In addition, there are no official descriptions and characteristics of these tomato varieties. These varieties of tomatoes differ not only in the color of the fruit, but also in terms of ripening, and some other characteristics, and sometimes even in the spelling of the name. Let's talk about them briefly.
Mikado red - tomato of medium ripening
Mikado red is described as a medium-ripening cultivar (up to 110 days from germination). Bushes are low from 80 to 100 cm. Fruits are round, red or burgundy. They weigh up to 270 grams. Inside each tomato there are 8-10 chambers with seeds. By design, tomatoes are universal - they are used as salad, are processed for tomato products and for homemade preparations. The plant resists diseases well, requires pinching. Mikado red gives birth better in the southern regions, to the north it can only grow in a greenhouse.
Review of Mikado red
Mikado orange ripens approximately 120 days after germination
The Orange Mikado is described as a medium late ripening tomato of 120 days from germination to first harvest. Plant height reaches one and a half meters. Fruits are flat-round, yellowish-orange in color, weighing 200-400 grams. The direction of use is universal - fresh, in the form of tomato products and home preservation.
You can find on the Internet a description of the tomato Mikada orange from the company "Aelita", which is positioned as mid-early - from 100 to 105 days before harvest after germination, large-fruited (weight 250-350 grams) variety of lettuce tomatoes, resistant to nightshade diseases. The nature of plant development is indeterminate. Yield 10-12 kg / m2... It can be grown both in protected and in open ground.
Review of tomato Mikado orange
Mikado yellow ripens mid-late
Mikado golden or yellow is described as a medium late variety (first harvest 130–140 days after germination). Bushes are high from one and a half to two and a half meters. The tomatoes are yellow, weigh 300-600 grams and taste great. Tomatoes are consumed fresh, they can be stored for quite a long time without losing their quality.
Review of Mikado yellow
Tomato variety Mikado yellow - video
Black Mikado ripens mid to mid-early
Black Mikado is described as a medium-early to mid-term ripening variety. You can grow in open or closed ground. The plant is a standard, indeterminate plant, it rises to 1.5-1.7 meters. On the lower bunches, the fruits are larger and can reach 0.3–0.4 kg, so not only the plant itself, but also the lower clusters need to be tied up. Bushes need to be pinned. Tomatoes are burgundy pink to burgundy brown. Inside, they are dark crimson with a greenish filling of the seed chambers. The taste is sweet with a little acid. Mostly black Mikado is used in the form of salads.
Review of Mikado Black
Video about the tomato variety Mikado black
Mikado Sibiriko - a variety of the Siberian selection of the company "Siberian Garden"
This tomato was bred in Siberia and therefore adapted to more severe growing conditions, including in the open field. Originator - "Siberian Garden". Pink heart-shaped tomatoes Mikado Sibiriko (sometimes written Siberiko) are medium-sized (about 1.2 meters in the garden, 1.5-1.8 meters in the greenhouse), large-fruited (up to 0.6 kg) and fruitful. The taste is good. Requires garters and pinning.
Review of Mikado Sibiriko
Video about Mikado Sibiriko
In general, all varieties of Mikado tomatoes may be of interest to gardeners in different regions. The main question when choosing one form or another of these tomatoes is the correct choice of seeds. It is still better to purchase them in specialized or company stores, where the likelihood of acquiring low-quality seed is much lower than in the market. You can, of course, contact the gardeners on the forums. Here, too, the likelihood of misgrading is low. Most likely, the sent seeds will correspond to the description in the topic.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
Early ripe tomatoes for juices, salads and preservation "Fatima" - characteristics and description of the variety
Fatima tomato is a pink early-ripening tomato variety. The variety was bred by Russian breeders more than 10 years ago. The tomato is popular among gardeners; it is successfully grown in agro-industrial complexes. He fell in love with consumers for the delicate taste of sugary and juicy pulp.
Agronomists and amateur gardeners pay tribute to unpretentiousness, compactness and high productivity. Already in the middle of summer, you can collect large fruits of a rich pink color, while the bush will bear fruit all summer. Even novice summer residents can easily cope with caring for this variety and can even collect seeds for the next season.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Tomato variety Seedless was developed on the basis of frost-resistant and soil varieties of the breeder from Russia Pavel Saraev. It is recommended for cultivation in the southern and central regions of the Russian Federation, in Moldova and Ukraine. Also, the variety can be grown in areas of risky farming. According to gardeners' reviews, a good harvest of Seedling tomatoes was obtained in Komi, Karelia, Primorye, Siberia, the Urals, as well as in the northwestern regions of the Russian Federation.
- A variety, not a hybrid. Self-collected seeds are suitable for further cultivation.
- Ultra-ripe. The first ripe fruits appear 78 days after germination.
- Standard bushes. They do not require pinning and garters to the supports.
- Determinant, grows up to 50 cm in height and stops growing on its own after the formation of 5-6 flower racemes.
- The root system develops in depth.
- Medium foliage, low-branched bush.
- The first flower raceme is formed over 6-7 leaves. 6-8 fruits ripen on each cluster.
- Can be cultivated in open and closed ground.
- Not picky about watering.
- Productivity - 8 kg per square meter.
- Resistant to most nightshade diseases, especially late blight.
Features of growing and planting tomato Grandee
Like the vast majority of tomato varieties, the Noble is grown only through seedlings. Therefore, by the beginning of spring, everything must be prepared in order to do this interesting business. Of course, in a city apartment for this you need to allocate a rather large area: a well-lit large window sill is required.
Growing tomato seedlings Nobleman does not differ from that for most varieties. The whole process consists of several mandatory activities.
- Seed preparation. Noble Seeds can be taken from your harvest, but they must be prepared for sowing. After selection of full-weight seeds, they are necessarily disinfected (20-30 minutes in a dark-purple solution of potassium permanganate), and after pecking in a damp cloth, they are hardened (2-3 days in the refrigerator).
Seed dressing can be combined with calibration: those that do not drown are best discarded
Soil preparation (you can also buy it in the store, but if you compose it yourself, you should also disinfect it by watering it well with a weak solution of potassium permanganate). The soil must be air and water permeable, which is achieved by using peat, humus and sod land.
Store-bought soil is usually perfectly balanced for certain vegetables.
Sowing seeds in any small box or box. In this case, the soil layer should be at least 5 cm, and the seeds are sown to a depth of about 2 cm, with a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
For sowing a small amount of seeds, any unnecessary box will do.
Close temperature tracking. Before the emergence of shoots, it can be at room temperature, but immediately after the appearance of "loops" it is reduced to 16-18 o C for several days. Then - again a room, and the lighting is always the maximum possible.
If the window sill faces south, additional lighting is not required
Picking (seating in a more spacious box or in separate cups), performed at the age of 10–12 days.
The best container for picking - peat pots
Moderate watering (the soil should not dry out, but in no case should there be stagnation of water), as well as 1-2 dressing. If the soil is fertile, you can do without top dressing: the seedlings should grow "in difficulties".
If you need to feed the seedlings, it is convenient to do it with Azophos.
"Correct" seedlings usually grow up to 20–25 cm before planting in the garden, no more needed, but the stem should be thick. Landing in unprotected soil is possible when the soil reaches a temperature of about 14 ° C, which is observed in the middle lane at the very end of May, and in Siberia 1–2 weeks later. If you need to do this earlier, you will have to take care of a temporary film shelter, and warm up the bed in advance by watering with hot water and covering it with a film for a couple of days.
Despite the Noble's resistance to low temperatures, they select an area for planting, protected from northern winds. The nobleman requires higher, in comparison with many varieties, doses of fertilizers, but this should not be fresh manure. Phosphorus is especially required for tomatoes, therefore, digging up a plot for tomatoes in the fall, one and a half buckets of humus or compost and 50-60 g of superphosphate are added per square meter. Wood ash will not hurt, up to a liter can.
In the spring, the bed is slightly loosened, and in the places designated according to the chosen scheme, small holes are dug, where seedlings are planted, burying the cotyledon leaves. Since the Noble's seedlings are not prone to pulling, they are usually planted without tilting. Despite the determinism of the bush, too tight planting is undesirable. The distance between the bushes is kept in the range of 45-50 cm, and between the rows - 50-60 cm.
When planting seedlings, carefully squeeze the roots with your hands so that there are no voids between soil particles
In order for the seedlings to take root faster, you must try to remove it from the box or cups without destroying the earthen coma. After planting in the holes, the tomatoes are thoroughly watered with water at a temperature of at least 25 ° C and the soil is mulched with humus or peat. At the same time, strong pegs are driven in, although they will come in handy a little later for tying bushes with tomatoes.
When caring for a tomato nobleman, well-known operations are required: watering followed by loosening and destruction of weeds, rare top dressing, the formation and tying of bushes. It should be watered with water warmed up in the sun, so they do it in the evening. Watering the Nobleman needs abundant, especially during the growth of the fruits, but as soon as they begin to turn red, watering is sharply reduced, otherwise the tomato may crack. It should be watered at the root, trying not to wet the leaves once again.
The first feeding is given 2-3 weeks after planting the seedlings, the further ones - after about the same time. At first, it is better to use mullein infusions, and after setting the fruits, it is undesirable to give nitrogen, therefore, a recipe is made from 25 g of superphosphate and half a liter of ash per 10 liters of water.
Fortunately, the Noble is highly resistant to disease. If some sores overtake the variety, it is only in the greenhouse, and even then it is no worse than brown spot, from which you can save yourself with garlic infusion. In the open field, diseases are so rare that amateur gardeners, as a rule, do not even carry out preventive spraying.
Tomato Grandee is grown in one or two stems, removing all stepchildren below the first flower cluster. In this case, the two-stem version is more often chosen in a greenhouse, and in the open field, a plant is formed into one stem. The variety does not differ in unrestrained stepson formation, however, excess shoots are systematically broken out. If too many flowers are formed in the inflorescence, the extra ones are plucked out, leaving no more than four.
Tomato Grandee is rarely grown in 3 shoots (c), choose options (a) or (b)
As soon as the ovaries appear, the stems are firmly tied to the stakes using soft strings. After all, if the fruits grow a little, the bush will not be able to stand firmly without a garter. However, instead of separate stakes, you can equip a common trellis for each gardener with their own preferences. With proper care, the Nobleman will delight you with large tasty fruits that do not ripen at the same time, so the pleasure stretches for a long time.
Video: the formation of bushes of low-growing tomatoes
The variety is early maturing: within 90-95 days after the first shoots appear, gardeners try the first Mikado tomatoes. But all members of the family cannot be called early ripening: yellow and red ripen later - by August.
The main advantages of the plant
The Mikado series is doing better in the European and southern parts of the country. The closer to the Urals and the farther to the east from it, the less often you will find tomatoes of this variety. But Siberian breeders filled the gap by offering gardeners from the zone of risky farming the zoned "Mikado Sibiriko".
We offer a description of the main parameters characteristic of all varieties of the variety:
- The bush is tall, indeterminate, the height is up to 1.9-2 meters and more. In the greenhouse, pinch the top to limit growth. Black tomatoes stand out from the series: compact plants do not exceed 1.5-1.6 m.
- Representatives of the imperial tomato clan are distinguished by the potato leaf.
- The maximum yield when planting is not more than 3 roots per square meter and 1-2 shoots are kept.
- The first brush is usually tied over 8-9 leaves, the rest after two leaves. The variety requires the obligatory formation of a bush, garter, pinching.
- Unpretentious "Mikado" can not be called: it requires constant attention, feeding, sensitive to watering.
- The average yield is 7-8-9 kg per bush per season. Depends on the weather, care.
- Susceptible to late blight. In greenhouses and greenhouses, it is easier to avoid problems, and in the open field, the health of tomato beds is taken care of additionally.
How and where to plant these tomatoes depends on desire, time availability, experience. But without taking into account the recommendations of agricultural technicians, the gardener is unlikely to join the army of fans of the variety with excellent data.
Description of fruits
In a real "Mikado" tomatoes are large, round, may be slightly flattened. The shape of the fruit is characterized by ribbing. Weight 300-400 grams, but specimens and more are not uncommon. Usually in each cluster there are 1-2 very large fruits, the rest are smaller and smaller.
Variety is typical for many large-fruited varieties. Some gardeners cite this as a disadvantage. But it is beyond the power of the plant to endure all the tomatoes of exceptional size. Vegetable growers have a choice:
- limit the number of ovaries to remove a little, but the largest
- do not control flowering and fruiting, but get the harvest in full.
In the end, it will work out for that: a few tomatoes are more than half a kilogram or a whole scattering of different sizes. Black tomatoes are more or less uniform. Description and review of "Mikado Black" - in the video:
The appearance is interesting not only in size. The color of fruits of any shade differs in that greenish spots remain on the stalk for a long time. Even with ripe tomatoes, the color is not always uniform.
Other characteristics of the fruit:
- The taste of table tomatoes is excellent, all the registered tasting tests show the highest score
- Pink tomatoes are juicy, fleshy, have 7-8 seed chambers
- The peel is dense, because tomatoes are well stored, suitable for transportation, but in almost all color species, an unpleasant tendency is cracking.
- The purpose is universal, but they are not suitable for seaming as a whole: they are too large and cracked. But from one fruit they make a salad immediately for the family. Juices, pastes from Mikado are beyond competition.
Each color promises a full set of useful components with a predominance of one particular:
- "Mikado" of yellow, gold, orange color are rich in keratin, retinol.
- The red and pink ones have one of the main advantages - lycopene.
- Anthocyanins are the hallmark of black fruits.
Tasty in any form, but healthier when fresh.