Grouse imperial: features and varieties, why it does not bloom
Perhaps the most common type of fritillaria in our country is imperial hazel grouse (Fritillaria imperialis)... Its bright orange flowers bloom in the spring and adorn the flower bed with their unusual appearance until almost mid-June. The imperial hazel grouse drives out the peduncle early, and therefore sometimes the budding period falls on the time of spring frosts. This can interfere with the flowering of fritillaria. But if the site with the imperial hazel grouse is sheltered from cold winds, then the plant can withstand frosts.
Flower hazel grouse imperial (royal)
The grouse imperial plant looks like a small tree up to 80 cm tall with a corolla of flowers at the top, resembling a crown. Therefore, this fritillaria is sometimes called the Royal Crown. The orange bell-shaped flowers on the outside of the petals are decorated with brownish veins, their color is harmoniously combined with dark green stems and leaves.
Due to the fact that the imperial hazel grouse is a tall plant, it can be planted in a flower bed with other spring flowers that are not too tall - for example, daisies, snowdrops or primroses. But even if planted as a solo plant, the imperial hazel grouse will look wonderful.
Imperial hazel grouse varieties
Within the boundaries of one of this species, several varieties of a flower can be distinguished. For example, hazel grouse "Imperial Raddeana" Is a very hardy flower that can be successfully grown in even the most unfavorable climate. Its creamy yellow, large, bell-shaped, drooping flowers are collected in 2-7 pieces in a racemose inflorescence. This hazel grouse blooms for 14-16 days.
Or one more - "Imperial Rubra"... This plant is only up to 60cm high, but its brick-red flowers reach quite large sizes - 4cm x 6.5cm.
One of the longest-flowering varieties is the imperial hazel grouse "Strip Beauty"... It usually blooms in late April and blooms until early June in large golden flowers with bright red stripes.
The variety is also popular "Garland Star"... On its large, stable stem, a luxurious crown of bright orange flowers flaunts.
And the variety "Imperial Lutea" flowers of a very unusual shade: yellow with a white border, which gradually turns green and then purple.
But what to say: all varieties of imperial hazel grouse are distinguished by their extraordinary beauty.
Features of the view
Moreover, the hazel grouse are flowers that grow in almost any conditions, the planting site is very important for the imperial hazel grouse. Since this is a large specimen, it should have enough room to grow, so keep a minimum distance of 30cm between the bulbs when planting. Otherwise, the hazel grouses from the lack of space for growth become smaller and even stop blooming.
It is very important to protect the plants from drafts. And it is desirable to plant them in partial shade.
And yet, the imperial hazel grouse is very picky about the ground. Poorly drained soils will in no way suit him. They need to be facilitated by digging up a section of river sand. And in order for the bulb to receive the right amount of nutrients, the soil must be fertilized several times: in the fall, in the spring before and after flowering. In the fall, it is advisable to dig up the area with the introduction of humus 7-10 days before planting hazel grouses. And in the spring, it is better to apply factory complex fertilizers before loosening the soil.
The imperial hazel grouse does not like excess moisture and heavy waterproof soils, because both can lead to rotting of the bulbs.
Why does the hazel grouse not bloom
The flowering of hazel grouses is generally a separate topic, but it must be said that it is especially imperial hazel grouses that often have problems with flowering. The question arises - why are hazel grouses not blooming?
It so happens that this type of fritillaria blooms beautifully the first year after planting, and after that there are no flowers or they gradually become smaller.
In this case, many flower growers recommend digging out the bulbs of the imperial hazel grouse annually. This should be done in June. At the end of August, the bulbs are again planted in the ground for the winter.
But the opposite situation may also develop: you bought too small bulbs of the imperial hazel grouse, and for the first year they did not produce flowers at all, but only drove out the stems. The largest flowers of hazel grouse are obtained from selected planting material. These are the hazel grouse bulbs weighing 400-500g.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
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- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
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Why does the hazel grouse not bloom?
No. 20 (261) of 05/25/2011 ["Arguments of the Week", Nikolay FURSOV]
Last year, in my dacha, hazel grouses bloomed very beautifully, in the fall I also bought bulbs and planted them too. And now not a single one has bloomed! Neither new nor old ... Why? Who is to blame, snowy winter or me?
Thank you, Nina Innokentievna, Smolensk region
Now, in the gardens of the middle zone, the imperial hazel grouse is in full bloom. These flowers fully justify such a regal name. Whoever once waited for this orange miracle to bloom, that summer resident can already be considered "addicted" to the hazel grouse. And those who do not grow these plants have lost a lot ... We advise you to catch up.
Grouse imperial (Fritillaria) belongs to the lily family. It blooms in May, throwing out long floral arrows with a crown of orange drooping bells. For many years, flowers, painted in different shades of orange, delighted gardeners. Today varieties with yellow, peach and even burgundy colors of corollas have been bred. But they are rare and expensive.
Alas, not always "prince" pleases with lush flowering. And the snowy winter has nothing to do with it. It's all about ignorance correct agricultural technology... In the middle lane for the annual abundant flowering of hazel grouse, the bulb must be dug out every year and dried (warmed up), for example in the attic, at a temperature of about 30 degrees during two months. This technique promotes the laying of flower buds.
Now, during flowering, mark the place where the bulb grows, otherwise the stem and leaves will soon die off, and you may lose and not find the plant. Dig up the bulbs (around mid-June) and dry.
As soon as the onion starts generating new roots, it's time to plant. Grouse loves very good nutritious soil, but not fresh organic matter. Plant deep (large bulbs up to 20-22 cm) on sand pillow.
Sometimes it is difficult to determine the top and bottom of the hazel grouse bulb. In addition, the bulb is "bald", completely devoid of scales. A distinctive feature: the upper part of the bulb is slightly wider than the lower one. But if there are no roots and you are afraid to make a mistake, put the onion "on the barrel"... And wait for abundant flowering next year.
But there is one more the reason for the lack of flowering is small bulbs... When buying, choose the largest copies. Be prepared that the bulbs less than 5 cm in diameter will not bloom in the first year after planting.
The most popular species and varieties
In addition to the imperial, the following types of hazel grouse are common:
Breeders have bred many varieties of imperial hazel grouse, the most popular of which are as follows:
- Garland Star. This variety has a powerful stem, on which orange flowers appear in May. Its crown consists of a large number of buds.
- Rubra. The height of the bush is 65-70 centimeters. The buds are brick-colored or dark orange.
- Strip Beauty. The inflorescence consists of golden flowers with longitudinal red stripes on the petals. Flowering lasts about a month.
- Lutea. The variety is tall. The inflorescence consists of lemon-colored bells. Grouse blooms in May.
- Premier. The flower arrow of the cultivar is high. Its top is crowned with an orange inflorescence with a purple tint.
- Rudden. The inflorescence of hazel grouse is colored with a creamy yellow palette. The peculiarity of the variety is its increased drought and cold resistance.
- Sulferino. This is one of the oldest varieties of culture. At the base, the petals are yellow, gradually their color changes to dark red.
Grouse imperial Rubra variety
Features of planting imperial hazel grouse
To get a beautiful and long-lasting flowering of the imperial hazel grouse, you should prepare for planting in advance.
The choice of planting material
Nowadays, buying bulbs is not a big deal. They are offered at a reasonable price in specialized stores and at flower exhibitions. The color of the flowers of the imperial hazel grouse is mainly limited to orange, yellow and red shades. Therefore, you should not believe the pictures with pink, purple, black or pigeons attached to the bulbs.
When choosing planting material, you should pay attention to its size and quality:
- The bulbs must be at least 4 cm in diameter, otherwise it will be difficult to wait for flowering.
- Grouse bulbs can weigh from 500 g to 1 kg.
- The landing material is a flattened ball with a through hole.
- The bulbs should not be soft or cracked, moldy or rotten.
- The presence of roots is allowed on the planting material. Dried last year's shoot is not removed.
Choice of place and timing of boarding
For the successful cultivation and reproduction of hazel grouse in the open field, planting should be carried out to open sunny areas... Imperial hazel grouses will grow well in partial shade. Therefore, they can be planted on the southwestern and western slopes, near the gazebo, terrace and country house, under deciduous shrubs.
The site must be protected from the wind, which can break the tall stems of the plant. If it is not possible to find such a site, then you can use special props.
Planting bulbs outdoors can be done in two ways:
- If the planting material was stored in a layer of sawdust in the basement, then in the first half of March the plant is planted in large containers under room conditions. As soon as the last frosts have passed, seedlings with developed stems can be planted in open ground.
- In areas with a mild winter climate, hazel grouses are planted in autumn at the end of September - mid-October. In the future, they will need a shelter from frost, which is provided with film, compost, sawdust. The disadvantage of this method of planting is that with a protracted spring, partial rotting and damping of the planting material occurs.
How to plant the bulbs correctly?
The hole must be prepared two weeks before planting hazel grouses. Its dimensions should be 40x40 cm in length and width, and the depth of the hole depends on the size of the bulb and averages 30 cm.If a group planting of plants is planned, then the distance between the holes is about 25-30 cm.
After two weeks, sand is poured into the holes, and a peg is inserted into the center of such a length that it rises another 50 cm above ground level. Near the stuck peg, an onion is laid on the sand and sprinkled with compost-fertilized soil.
Flowers can be dug up and propagated every 3-4 years.
The bulbs of the imperial and chess hazel grouses are annually divided in two, that is, it is not difficult to propagate them. What about other species?
Different species of hazel grouse reproduce in different ways.
There are types of fritillaria, which both divide and give a small baby. For example, this is how the grouse grouse behaves. Up to 10 small ones are formed around each adult bulb per season, which can be grown up.
There are varieties that practically do not give children and do not share. This, in particular, is a hazel grouse, our Russian hazel grouse. They must be propagated by seeds.
However, seed reproduction of hazel grouse is in any case preferable:
- firstly, you get plants that are more adapted to the microclimate of the site
- secondly, you have the opportunity to quickly get a large number of specimens of hazel grouse.
There is only one drawback - you will have to wait for flowering for three to five years.
Planting hazel grouses
When to plant hazel grouses
When the growing season of the hazel grouse is over, its bulbs are dug out of the ground and stored in a dry and ventilated room until the roots appear on the bulb: now is the time to plant it in the ground. This usually happens in late August or early September. The bulbs of the imperial hazel grouse do not have protective integumentary scales, and they dry out quickly. Therefore, do not buy hazel grouse bulbs at the late autumn sales: they are most likely overdried and unlikely to germinate.
If for any reason you cannot plant the hazel grouse bulbs on time, immerse them in wet peat and place them in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment. If you do not have time to plant the bulbs before the end of September, planting the hazel grouses later may lead to the fact that they will not bloom next year.
Before planting, the bulbs should be disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate, then lightly sprinkled with crushed charcoal.
How to plant hazel grouses
Before planting, prepare the site: dig it up, mixing sand into the heavy soil, and, whatever the soil, add peat or humus to it. Well perceives hazel grouse and additives in the form of lime or ash. The planting depth from the bottom is 2-3 times the diameter of the bulb, this is about 20-25 cm. A layer of sand is poured at the bottom of the hole, but if the soil is heavy, then it is better to replace the sand with wet peat. Then the bulb is laid on the sand or peat with the bottom down, gently straightening the roots, and covered with earth. In general, it is more correct to assume that this is a transplant of hazel grouses, and not a planting, although there is no point in arguing about the terms if the essence does not change from this.
The main reasons for non-flowering
There are not many reasons why hazel grouses do not please with their flowering - most often this is due to the young age of the plant, its shallow planting and the lack of a rest period.
Other factors are less common, but you shouldn't ignore them.
Let's take a closer look at why hazel grouses do not bloom and how this can be fixed.
- Shallow fit. When planting any bulbs (it doesn't matter if they are lilies, tulips, hazel grouses or daffodils), you need to plant only three bulbs deep. If you do otherwise, the hazel grouses will not bloom. It is also important to dig in adult plants 25-30 centimeters deep.
- Frequent planting is another negative factor for hazel grouses. Plant them at a distance from each other - 20-30 centimeters will be enough (depending on the size of the planting material).
- Oversupply of fertilizers. You should not feed the hazel grouses too often, it is enough to feed twice a season, that is, when the plant is gaining green mass, strength and when it blooms. As a fertilizer, it is better to use organic matter, complex fertilizers and nitrophosphate.
- Improper storage conditions in summer. The gardener's task is to create conditions for hazel grouses as close as possible to their relatives. Therefore, it is necessary to dig them out annually, as soon as the above-ground part has dried. Next, dry the bulbs in a warm or even hot place, and after 2 weeks transfer them to a room where the temperature reaches 22-25 degrees Celsius. It is recommended to store the bulbs there until they are planted, which is performed at the end of August - the first decade of September.
Of course, factors such as weather conditions, climate and soil also deserve attention, because due to some force majeure circumstances, it is simply impossible to keep the garden in good condition and make the hazel grouse bloom.
For example, frosty winters, frequent frosts and heavy rains will negatively affect the garden plot.
Unfortunately, the gardener is not able to influence the weather conditions, even with a strong desire, however, it is possible to protect any plants if this need arises.
- If it comes in handy to plant hazel grouse in heavy clay soil, then place its bulb on a sandy pillow. Dug one small hole and drain it with river sand, followed by a thin layer of gravel or rubble, and then again sand. So that moisture does not linger under the scales, it is recommended to put the bulb at an angle of 45 degrees.
- In the conditions of little snow, but harsh winter, the best thing to do for a culture is to cover it. Spruce branches are suitable for this. If a chess variety is planted on the site, it must be insulated, otherwise it will not overwinter.
- In a cool or very humid summer, which occurs in the middle lane, it is better to dig up the bulbs to rest. Keep them warm.
- Spring frosts and winter thaws also make it difficult for hazel grouse to bloom. Alas, it is very difficult to protect the plant in such a case, and there is a risk that it will freeze and not open next year.
Pests and diseases
- Rot may occur due to excess moisture and the use of nitrogen fertilizers. It will be possible to understand the presence of this problem by the external underdevelopment, stuntedness of the plant and traces of decay on the bulb. Cut off the damaged area of the plant with a sharp knife, then treat it with a fungicide and send it to dry.
- If red bugs with black heads are crawling on the leaves, and on the back there is an accumulation of red larvae and the green part of the culture is gnawed, it means that it was attacked by a lily beetle. And although there are no special preparations designed for such beetles, do not worry - any insecticide against leaf-eating insects is suitable for treatment. Leaves with larvae will need to be removed, but beetles will have to be caught.
- There is another attack, similar in its characteristics to lily beetles, the only difference is in the beetles themselves - they must be completely red, including the head. Noticing that the culture is affected, immediately proceed to eliminate the consequences. The principle of fighting beetles is exactly the same as in the previous case.
In general, hazel grouses do not get sick, and their specific smell serves them as excellent protection against any pests and even rodents.
In addition, these flowers are often advised to plant flower beds on the site so that mice do not get close to them.
At the end of April - the first half of May, healthy and beautiful hazel grouses bloom, and in June their leaves begin to dry out. Albeit not for long, but this beautiful plant will delight its owner - of course, if it is enough for everyone.