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How to build a country house from a container: an easy solution to the problem of a country house

How to build a country house from a container: an easy solution to the problem of a country house


The construction of a small country house from a container, used and bought cheaply, attracts many owners of suburban areas. After all, you can find a roof over your head in a matter of days. The purchased container only needs to be brought to the dacha and installed in the place reserved for the house, using loading and unloading equipment. It will take a little more time if the summer resident wishes to carry out the insulation and decoration of the container house. In this case, you will get not just temporary housing, but a full-fledged country house with all the amenities.

There are many options for dividing the total area of ​​the container into functional zones, from which the most suitable layout is selected, taking into account the number of residents, the seasonality of the use of the country house, design preferences and other considerations known only to you.

Using modern finishing materials, you can change the appearance of an ordinary shipping container beyond recognition. No one would think that a cozy country house came out of a decommissioned 40 tonnage truck. It is possible to significantly increase the usable area of ​​the object by building a country house from several containers, placed close to each other or at an angle, as well as on two floors. In the latter case, it is also possible to make a carport and an open terrace for relaxation due to the displacement of the upper container by several meters to the side relative to the lower block.

Thanks to the life-affirming painting of the container, it was possible to obtain a cheerful country house, complemented by a wooden terrace and a hinged awning

Standard sizes of freight containers

For the construction of country houses from all existing types of container containers, universal large-capacity containers are usually used:

  • 20-foot (dry freight);
  • 40-foot (dry freight or high high cube);
  • 45-foot (dry freight or high high cube).

Standard high cube containers differ from conventional dry freight modules with increased height and greater capacity. To make the ceilings in the house higher, it is better to purchase containers of this type.

It should be noted that the width of all types of containers is the same and is 2350 mm. The length of a 20-foot module is 5898 mm, and a 40-foot module is 12032 mm. The height of both containers is 2393 mm. In the case of the High Cube, this parameter is 300 mm higher. The 45-foot dimensions are several millimeters larger than the 40-foot module.

We also recommend that you read the article “Requirements for the distance from the fence to buildings”: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/rasstoyanie-ot-zabora-do-postrojki.html

An interesting project of a two-story country house, built from several containers, with an open terrace provided on one of the modules

Features of the design of large-capacity containers

A country house built from a container will not be available for lovers of other people's property who constantly visit the territory of garden societies. After all, the design of the container is distinguished not only by its simplicity, but also by its reliability.

Rigid frame

It is based on a sturdy frame welded from steel beams. The lower base of the frame is longitudinal and transverse beams, to which side ribs are welded at the corners. The upper plane forming the container roof is also defined by the transverse and longitudinal load-bearing beams.

Steel cladding

The cladding of the cargo modules is made of steel anti-corrosion sheets with a corrugated profile, made of high-quality alloy steel of the COR-TEN steel brand.

The thickness of the galvanized walls of the container varies from 1.5 to 2.0 mm, so the structure is strong and rather rigid. A high-quality paint and varnish coating applied to the walls of the container along the entire perimeter reliably protects the metal from the negative effects of the environment and corrosive processes.

Plywood flooring

As a floor in large-tonnage containers, pressed plywood is most often used, the thickness of which reaches 40 mm. This material is additionally impregnated with a special composition that prevents the development of fungi and mold.

The use of plywood and other types of lumber for flooring provides:

  • resistance of the wooden base to mechanical damage;
  • good elasticity of the material;
  • maintainability and easy replacement of flooring;
  • high coefficient of friction when transporting goods.

When finishing the floor in a container adapted for a country house, a concrete screed of a small thickness is often poured over the existing base, into which the electric heating system is hidden.

Swing doors

Standard containers are equipped with hinged doors, which are hung on strong hinges. The doors are opened with the help of special handles that activate the locking mechanisms. A sealing rubber is used to seal the doorway around the entire perimeter.

The hinged doors of containers are welded, while the entrance to the house is provided through glass sliding doors built into the panoramic glazing of the wall

Requirements for the foundation

Despite the large overall dimensions, the containers weigh very little. The weight of a 20-foot module is 2200 kg, and a 45-foot one is 4590 kg. Therefore, for such a lightweight structure, it is not required to build a powerful strip foundation with strapping.

It is enough to put the container house on piles, the length of which depends on the type of soil, the depth of the groundwater, the complexity of the relief, the likelihood of flooding the area during the spring flood and other factors characteristic of the region. The following can act as a foundation:

  • regular blocks;
  • reinforced concrete pillars;
  • screw piles;
  • TISE piles with an extension at the bottom in the form of a sole;
  • concrete pillars, poured into the formwork;
  • large diameter pipes, etc.

A steel support plate must be welded to the reinforcement cage of each foundation pillar. This site is needed in order to firmly weld the container itself to it. This will protect the country house from thieves who can steal the entire building for the purpose of its further use or resale.

The installation of a used container on a pile foundation using special lifting equipment is carried out with extreme caution.

Country house from a standard six-meter

The budget option for building a house from one standard 20-foot (six-meter) container implies the presence of:

  • one pivot window made of single-chamber PVC with a double-glazed window;
  • external door;
  • individual heating;
  • thermal insulation;
  • interior cladding made of PVC panels (ceiling) and MDF panels (walls);
  • household linoleum used as flooring.
  • Artificial lighting is organized by two fluorescent lamps.
  • There is one socket and one switch.

It will be a little more expensive to re-equip a standard container into a country house if you sheathe not only the ceiling, but also the walls with PVC panels. Replace household linoleum with semi-commercial. Install plumbing: toilet, washbasin and shower, as well as a 200-liter boiler for heating water for household needs.

One of the options for arranging the interior space of the container house. The usable area of ​​the room is increased by removing the walls of adjacent containers

You will have to spend even more if you design two windows in a container, replace the PVC panel trim with laminated chipboard panels of your favorite color, organize heating with an electric heater equipped with a thermostat, conduct hidden electrical wiring using euro sockets and euro switches. Lay the floor with tiles, and order special furniture that fits into the narrow and long space of the container.

A more exclusive design implies the presence of panoramic windows, sliding doors, allowing you to expand the internal space due to the adjoining terrace, exterior decoration, and the construction of a roof.

You can learn more about how to build a terrace in the country from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/postroiki/terrasa-na-dache-svoimi-rukami.html

Thermal insulation: inside or outside?

It is possible to insulate a metal container from the outside only if you intend to operate the country house throughout the year. In this case, the container will not freeze, which means that condensation will not fall on the inner walls of the house. If you want to use the country house mainly in the summer, and visit in winter on occasion, then you need to perform thermal insulation from the inside.

In what order should the work be done? That's how:

  1. First, cut out all window and door openings in accordance with the container modernization project, as well as openings for ventilation and chimneys.
  2. Weld square pipes to the sheathing on both sides of each cutout opening, which will run from floor to ceiling. Weld the horizontal pipes running above and below the opening to them with a continuous seam. This will restore the structural strength of the container wall weakened by discontinuity of the stiffeners.
  3. Weld up the hinged doors of the container and clean the surface of any traces of rust, if any.
  4. From wooden blocks 5-10 cm thick, make a vertical crate, which will serve as a beacon when spraying expanded polystyrene or polyurethane foam, which fills the profiles in the walls of the container well.
  5. Spray the insulation and cut off its excess along the exposed beacon bars.
  6. Insulate the ceiling in the same way.
  7. Then tighten the walls and ceiling of the container with a vapor barrier membrane, targeting it to the battens with a construction stapler.
  8. Finish with lining, plasterboard, chipboards, pvc panels and other materials.
  9. Insulate the floor using the same spraying or polystyrene foam boards. It is not forbidden to pour a screed from lightweight concrete. It is undesirable to use mineral wool as a floor insulation, which, when water gets in, retains moisture for a long time, which can cause rusting of the container bottom, as well as the formation of mold and mildew.

It should also be noted that when installing a fireplace, stove, chimney arrangement, it is necessary to use 5-10 cm basalt wool to isolate places of possible contact with hot surfaces.

The material on arranging a summer kitchen in the country with your own hands will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/postroiki/letnyaya-kuxnya-na-dache-svoimi-rukami.html

Spraying insulation on the walls and ceiling of the container is carried out in a protective mask and special disposable work clothes

Construction of a country house from several containers

Much larger and more interesting is a country house built from several containers. The modules can be positioned relative to each other in different ways, getting open terraces, small courtyards, carports, recreation and privacy areas, guest rooms. In this case, piles act as a foundation, which can be bought ready-made or cast using a disposable cardboard cylindrical formwork. The installation of piles in an area with a complex relief is carried out taking into account the need to align them into a single level. The pile installation step is 3 meters.

Directly under the bathroom, an insulated basement room is built of concrete, which houses a pumping station with a hydraulic accumulator, filters for purifying water from a well, as well as other important elements of an autonomous water supply system for a country house.

On the features of the water supply device from the well: /voda/vodosnabzheniya-zagorodnogo-doma-iz-kolodca.html

A low gable roof is being erected over all containers, which makes it possible to perceive free-standing modules as a single ensemble. In addition to the decorative effect, such a roof contributes to additional heat and waterproofing of the under-roof space of the house.

Natural illumination inside the cottage is provided not only through panoramic windows installed in the walls of the container, but also through zenith windows mounted on the ceiling with access to the roof through light wells. These windows also allow you to organize the ventilation of the inner space of the country house.

As a heating of a country house from several containers, it is better to use the Underfloor heating system. The heating cable is laid in a spiral manner throughout the house, and is filled with a screed. It is advisable to first put foil-clad polyethylene foam protected with lavsan under the cable. This will reduce the amount of heat loss through the floor of the metal container. When pouring the screed, it is necessary to provide for the presence of expansion joints, which do not allow its surface to crack during temperature fluctuations. The resulting concrete floor can then be sanded, painted and varnished.

To create a common space, openings of different widths are cut in the walls of adjacent containers, while posts and I-beams are used to strengthen the structure. The walls of the containers are sheathed with metal guides for spraying insulation - polyurethane foam. Before spraying the insulation, wiring is laid according to a selective scheme using an RCD. It is imperative that there is a common bus and grounding between all metal parts of the house.

Partitions inside the container house are installed from a metal profile, to which gypsum or drywall is screwed. The seams between the sheets of gypsum plasterboard are glued with a serpyanka tape, which holds well the applied putty non-shrinking mortar. The walls of the containers are sheathed with plasterboard sheets, which will then be plastered and painted in light colors, which visually expand the living space.

Slats are sewn onto the ceiling of the containers, and then the wiring is laid to organize artificial lighting of the country house. To decorate the ceiling space, we use wood in natural tones that contrast well with the light walls of the house and visually increase the height of the ceilings.

We paint the outer walls of the containers in one or several matching colors, while we do not save on paint, otherwise we will have to admire the peeling facade of the country house in three years. It is better to use high quality marine enamel paint for this purpose. This is how easy it is to build a house from several containers with your own hands.

A large country house of several containers, painted in different contrasting colors, occupies part of the site, forming a cozy patio

Steps or a ramp path usually lead to the doors of such a house, which is easily cleared of snow in winter. From a small container, you can make a utility room in which all the country and garden equipment will be stored.

Interesting too! How to build a frame country house: https://diz-cafe.com/postroiki/dachnyj-domik-svoimi-rukami.html

In the photographs posted in the article, you can see that a country house made of containers turns out to be beautiful and functional. If outside such a house is sheathed with siding or wood, then it will hardly be possible to distinguish it from other suburban buildings. At the same time, it will take you much less time and money to build a house.

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House from a container: the technology of building a house from shipping containers

Some owners of suburban areas cannot afford to build a mansion of several floors in the country. They are more satisfied with a small country house built from a container that has been in use, so it can be bought relatively cheaply. In addition, building a house can take a long time, and thus gaining a "roof over your head" is possible in a few days.
The container must be purchased and delivered to the suburban area, installing it in a previously prepared place, for which loading and unloading equipment is used. It will take a little more time if the summer resident has a desire to insulate and decorate his country house-container. Then the temporary housing will become a full-fledged country house with all the amenities.


The history of container houses

Perhaps the idea of ​​building a house from an ordinary sea container belongs to an unknown author, but the American architect Kalkin Adam actively popularized this type of construction. The first well-known container apartment building came about thanks to this man. It was created from three shipping containers as a creative experiment.

It turned out to be easy and cheap to buy used, decommissioned shipping containers. Building a house did not require large financial investments, and in areas with frequent tornadoes, container houses have become in demand.

Today, many architects and designers continue to create structures from shipping containers, embodying their creative ambitions in residential and public buildings.

There are known buildings made of containers, which serve not only as residential buildings, but also are hotel complexes, office and commercial buildings, restaurants. Such a structure is not difficult to dismantle and transport to another place, which is also not unimportant.

There are many buildings in the world that are made of used sea containers, which are environmentally friendly, simple, but not devoid of comfort and attractiveness. The design of the buildings is creative and attracts visitors.


Country answer. Release 07/14/2019

Our heroes are very active people, and they do not waste time at the dacha. Their sports and garden equipment doesn't even fit in a large container. "Country answer" will increase storage space and transform the surrounding space - making it comfortable for adults and fun for children. So three boys will have sand, rocks and even their own tree house.

Containers are a very trendy and relevant topic. Therefore, we will not hide the "nature" of the building and will make the new wooden crate of the container more rare than it is now. In addition, instead of one, our heroes will have two twenty-foot containers at once, between which there will be a ladder.

Thus, both the number of storage spaces and the area of ​​the terrace, which will take two roofs at once, will double. At the same time, a single space will be divided into two zones - an adult, overlooking the water, and a nursery shaded by birch branches. We will also take special care of the inner space of the containers. One of them will be completely reserved for storage, while the second will be a cozy workshop.

The children's theme will be continued by a safe climbing wall, which is also planned on the wall of one of the containers. And, of course, the guys will have a 2x2 meter tree house. It will be on a birch tree next to the terrace. Through the lattice roof, you can admire the starry sky, while in the house itself it will be dry and cozy, since transparent polycarbonate will be fixed under the slats.

The space around the containers will also change. Firstly, a flooring will appear here, within which a campfire site will be organized. We also planned a sandbox and original seats, which will be massive boulders. When constructing the flooring, we will take into account the love of our heroes for ATVs, on which they ride around the site. And, of course, we will reorganize the swing, replacing the existing ones with the highest and at the same time safe design. And also do not forget about landscaping the site, leveling the lawn and planting the most unpretentious and undemanding plants to care for.

Eco-Friendly Homestead: Building a small holiday home from a used container, bought cheaply, attracts many owners of suburban areas. After all, you can find a "roof over your head" in a matter of days. The purchased container only needs to be brought to the dacha and installed in the place reserved for the house, using loading and unloading equipment.

The construction of a small country house from a container, used and bought cheaply, attracts many owners of suburban areas. After all, you can find a "roof over your head" in a matter of days. The purchased container only needs to be brought to the dacha and installed in the place reserved for the house, using loading and unloading equipment. It will take a little more time if the summer resident wishes to carry out the insulation and decoration of the container house. In this case, you will get not just temporary housing, but a full-fledged country house with all the amenities.

There are many options for dividing the total area of ​​the container into functional zones, from which the most suitable layout is selected, taking into account the number of residents, the seasonality of the use of the country house, design preferences and other considerations known only to you.

Using modern finishing materials, you can change the appearance of an ordinary shipping container beyond recognition. No one would think that a cozy country house came out of a decommissioned 40 tonnage truck. It is possible to significantly increase the usable area of ​​the object by building a country house from several containers placed close to each other or at an angle, as well as on two floors. In the latter case, it is also possible to make a carport and an open terrace for relaxation due to the displacement of the upper container by several meters to the side relative to the lower block.

Standard sizes of freight containers

For the construction of country houses from all existing types of container containers, universal large-capacity containers are usually used:

40-foot (dry freight or high high cube)

45-foot (dry freight or high high cube).

Standard high cube containers differ from conventional dry freight modules with increased height and greater capacity. To make the ceilings in the house higher, it is better to purchase containers of this type.

It should be noted that the width of all types of containers is the same and is 2350 mm. The length of a 20-foot module is 5898 mm, and a 40-foot module is 12032 mm. The height of both containers is 2393 mm. In the case of the High Cube, this parameter is 300 mm higher. The 45-foot dimensions are several millimeters larger than the 40-foot module.

Features of the design of large-capacity containers

A country house built from a container will not be available for lovers of other people's property who constantly visit the territory of garden societies. After all, the design of the container is distinguished not only by its simplicity, but also by its reliability.

Rigid frame

It is based on a sturdy frame welded from steel beams. The lower base of the frame is longitudinal and transverse beams, to which side ribs are welded at the corners. The upper plane forming the container roof is also defined by the transverse and longitudinal load-bearing beams.

Steel cladding

The cladding of the cargo modules is made of steel anti-corrosion sheets with a corrugated profile, made of high-quality alloy steel of the CORTEN steel brand.

The thickness of the galvanized walls of the container varies from 1.5 to 2.0 mm, so the structure is strong and rather rigid. A high-quality paint and varnish coating applied to the walls of the container along the entire perimeter reliably protects the metal from the negative effects of the environment and corrosive processes.

Plywood flooring

As a floor in large-tonnage containers, pressed plywood is most often used, the thickness of which reaches 40 mm. This material is additionally impregnated with a special composition that prevents the development of fungi and mold.

The use of plywood and other types of lumber for flooring provides:

resistance of a wooden base to mechanical damage

good elasticity of the material

maintainability and easy replacement of flooring

high coefficient of friction when transporting goods.

When finishing the floor in a container adapted for a country house, a concrete screed of a small thickness is often poured over the existing base, into which the electric heating system is hidden.

Swing doors

Standard containers are equipped with hinged doors, which are hung on strong hinges. The doors are opened with the help of special handles that activate the locking mechanisms. A sealing rubber is used to seal the doorway around the entire perimeter.

Requirements for the foundation

Despite the large overall dimensions, the containers weigh very little. The weight of a 20-foot module is 2200 kg, and a 45-foot one is 4590 kg. Therefore, for such a lightweight structure, it is not required to build a powerful strip foundation with strapping.

It is enough to put the container house on piles, the length of which depends on the type of soil, the depth of the groundwater, the complexity of the relief, the likelihood of flooding the area during the spring flood and other factors characteristic of the region. The following can act as a foundation:

TISE piles with an extension at the bottom in the form of a sole

concrete pillars poured into the formwork

large diameter pipes, etc.

A steel support plate must be welded to the reinforcement cage of each foundation pillar. This site is needed in order to firmly weld the container itself to it. This will protect the country house from thieves who can steal the entire building for the purpose of its further use or resale.

Country house from a standard six-meter

The budget option for building a house from one standard 20-foot (six-meter) container implies the presence of:

one pivot window made of single-chamber PVC with a double-glazed window

interior cladding made of PVC panels (ceiling) and MDF panels (walls)

household linoleum used as flooring.

Artificial lighting is organized by two fluorescent lamps.

There is one socket and one switch.

It will be a little more expensive to re-equip a standard container into a country house if you sheathe not only the ceiling, but also the walls with PVC panels. Replace household linoleum with semi-commercial. Install plumbing: toilet, washbasin and shower, as well as a 200-liter boiler for heating water for household needs.

You will have to spend even more if you design two windows in a container, replace the PVC panel trim with laminated chipboard panels of your favorite color, organize heating with an electric heater equipped with a thermostat, conduct hidden electrical wiring using euro sockets and euro switches. Lay the floor with tiles, and order special furniture that fits into the narrow and long space of the container.

A more exclusive design implies the presence of panoramic windows, sliding doors, allowing you to expand the internal space due to the adjoining terrace, exterior decoration, and the construction of a roof.

Thermal insulation: inside or outside?

It is possible to insulate a metal container from the outside only if you intend to operate the country house throughout the year. In this case, the container will not freeze, which means that condensation will not fall on the inner walls of the house. If you want to use the country house mainly in the summer, and visit in winter on occasion, then you need to perform thermal insulation from the inside.

In what order should the work be done? That's how:

1. First, cut out all window and door openings in accordance with the container modernization project, as well as openings for ventilation and chimneys.

2. Dot-weld to the casing on both sides of each cut-out square tube that will extend from floor to ceiling. Weld the horizontal pipes running above and below the opening to them with a continuous seam. This will restore the structural strength of the container wall weakened by discontinuity of the stiffeners.

3. Weld up the hinged doors of the container and clean the surface of any traces of rust, if any.

4. From wooden blocks 5-10 cm thick, make a vertical crate, which will serve as a beacon when spraying expanded polystyrene or polyurethane foam, which well fills the profiles in the walls of the container.

5. Spray the insulation and cut off its excess along the exposed beacons.

6. Perform ceiling insulation in the same way.

7. Then tighten the walls and ceiling of the container with a vapor barrier membrane, targeting it to the battens with a construction stapler.

8. Finish with lining, plasterboard, chipboard, pvc panels and other materials.

9. Insulate the floor using the same spraying or polystyrene foam boards. It is not forbidden to pour a screed from lightweight concrete. It is undesirable to use mineral wool as a floor insulation, which, when water gets in, retains moisture for a long time, which can cause rusting of the container bottom, as well as the formation of mold and mildew.

It should also be noted that when installing a fireplace, stove, chimney arrangement, it is necessary to use 5-10 cm basalt wool to isolate places of possible contact with hot surfaces.

Spraying insulation on the walls and ceiling of the container is carried out in a protective mask and special disposable work clothes

Construction of a country house from several containers

Much larger and more interesting is a country house built from several containers. The modules can be positioned relative to each other in different ways, getting open terraces, small courtyards, carports, recreation and privacy areas, guest rooms. In this case, piles act as a foundation, which can be bought ready-made or cast using a disposable cardboard cylindrical formwork. The installation of piles in an area with a complex relief is carried out taking into account the need to align them into a single level. The pile installation step is 3 meters.

Directly under the bathroom, an insulated basement room is built of concrete, which houses a pumping station with a hydraulic accumulator, filters for purifying water from a well, as well as other important elements of an autonomous water supply system for a country house.

A low gable roof is being erected over all containers, which makes it possible to perceive free-standing modules as a single ensemble. In addition to the decorative effect, such a roof contributes to additional heat and waterproofing of the under-roof space of the house.

Natural illumination inside the cottage is provided not only through panoramic windows installed in the walls of the container, but also through zenith windows mounted on the ceiling with access to the roof through light wells. These windows also allow you to organize the ventilation of the inner space of the country house.

It is better to use the "Warm floor" system as heating a country house from several containers. The heating cable is laid in a spiral manner throughout the house, and is filled with a screed.It is advisable to put foil-clad polyethylene foam protected with lavsan under the cable. This will reduce the amount of heat loss through the floor of the metal container. When pouring the screed, it is necessary to provide for the presence of expansion joints that do not allow its surface to crack during temperature fluctuations. The resulting concrete floor can then be sanded, painted and varnished.

To create a common space, openings of different widths are cut in the walls of neighboring containers, while posts and I-beams are used to strengthen the structure. The walls of the containers are sheathed with metal guides for spraying insulation - polyurethane foam. Before spraying the insulation, wiring is laid according to a selective scheme using an RCD. It is imperative that there is a common bus and grounding between all metal parts of the house.

Partitions inside the container house are installed from a metal profile, to which gypsum or drywall is screwed. The seams between the sheets of gypsum plasterboard are glued with a serpyanka tape, which well holds the applied putty non-shrinking mortar. The walls of the containers are sheathed with plasterboard sheets, which will then be plastered and painted in light colors, which visually expand the living space.

Slats are sewn onto the ceiling of the containers, and then the wiring is laid to organize artificial lighting of the country house. To decorate the ceiling space, we use wood in natural tones that contrast well with the light walls of the house and visually increase the height of the ceilings.

We paint the outer walls of the containers in one or several matching colors, while we do not save on paint, otherwise we will have to admire the peeling facade of the country house in three years. It is better to use high quality marine enamel paint for this purpose. This is how easy it is to build a house from several containers with your own hands.

A large country house of several containers, painted in different contrasting colors, occupies part of the site, forming a cozy patio. Steps or a ramp path usually lead to the doors of such a house, which is easily cleared of snow in winter. From a small container, you can make a utility room, which will store all the summer cottage and garden equipment.

It will be interesting for you:

Solar street lighting: efficient and economical

How to make a wooden kitchen countertop with your own hands: step by step instructions

In the photos posted in the article, you can see that a country house made of containers turns out to be beautiful and functional. If the outside of such a house is sheathed with siding or wood, then it will hardly be possible to distinguish it from other suburban buildings. At the same time, it will take you much less time and money to build a house. published by econet.ru

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