Sloe is a reliable rootstock for apricot

Sloe is a reliable rootstock for apricot

An apricot on a thorny rootstock is a great solution!

Blackthorn, also called blackthorn or prickly plum, is a very good rootstock for apricot. Having tested all possible rootstocks for this southern plant, I came to the conclusion that there is nothing better than blackthorn as a rootstock for apricot and peach in our area.

The hybrid cherry plum may also be a good stock, but it does not occur in the wild in our country, and there is a lot of blackthorns. Alas, many abandoned villages have appeared, which can only be found on the map, and the village itself has been gone for a long time. But the gardens remained, and the thorns - unpretentious, frost-resistant, are gradually conquering an ever larger area. Apparently, this is the effect of its ability to reproduce by root shoots. Sometimes, 20-30 m from the main thickets of thorns, you find a new growth of it.

And here's what is interesting: its roots, with some unknown feeling, unmistakably find fertile soil and rush to it. For example, there is a stockyard near one village, where about 500 sheep were kept. It was cleared of manure with a bulldozer. They shoveled everything into a huge heap, it was washed away during the rain. And it was exactly where the streams flowed - there the roots of the thorn were directed. How did they define it? Maybe one of the scientists will explain, tell me what the sense of smell is at its roots?

Another plus of the blackthorn rootstock is the superficial placement of its root system. This means that close ground waters are not afraid of thorns. There are also thorny hybrids - their berries are large, sweet. And what is curious - on the rootstock of such a plant, the percentage of successful vaccinations is higher. We also have a blackthorn, which is called "goat". It grows where goats graze. They gnaw fresh shoots all summer - they do not allow the thorns to grow, therefore it is very low, but its root system is powerful. Apricot is also very well grafted on it, and sometimes the harvest is already in the second year. The fusion at the site of grafting with thorns is strong, over time it becomes completely invisible.

We constantly have winter thaws, which are more terrible than frost - it is during these thaws that the root collar of the seedling on many other rootstocks decays. The blackthorn, apparently, has long been adapted to this and does not vomit. Several years ago I tried to graft on Manchurian apricot. Alas, all the seedlings died. Novice gardeners usually say - frozen. Perhaps, for Siberia, the Manchurian apricot is suitable as a good stock, but where winter thaws occur, it is not suitable.

It is advised to plant an apricot on a mound, but during a thaw, the mound "does not work", as a kind of tunnel forms around the stem, and water accumulates below. I now have almost all the apricots grafted onto the blackthorn, and some of them are already about twenty years old. My varieties are mainly of Moscow selection, however, there is also a small apricot of the Artem variety from the Primorsky Territory.

Seedlings and cuttings of apricots, peaches and many other plants can be sent by mail. Write to the address: Nizhny Novgorod region, Vachsky district, village Novoselki, st. Molodezhnaya, 4, apt. 2 - Svistunov Valery Fedorovich. Our website: Tel. +7 (904) 796-81-39, home :. +7 (83173) 742-57, e-mail: [email protected]

Valery Svistunov, gardener,
Nizhny Novgorod Region

Read also about apricots:
• These amazing clones of apricots
• Moscow apricots, varieties and care
• Hybrid of common apricot and Manchurian - the basics of agricultural technology
• Cutting of a hybrid of common and Manchurian apricots
• Vegetative propagation of apricot
• Growing a hybrid of plum and apricot
• Plum: the main types and features of agricultural technology

What are plums grafted on?

Plum is a capricious plant, and not all fruit trees can be grafted with it. Usually used as a scion:

  • cherry plum
  • plum of a different kind
  • apricot.

But the best graft for a plum is still a plum. And the greatest probability of survival is observed when both the scion and the stock are plums of the same species. Peaches and blackthorns, even wild ones, can also be used. Indeed, today it is already known that the plum itself is nothing more than a hybrid of blackthorn and cherry plum.

Apricot grafting on plums is very popular among gardeners - the fruits in this case are especially juicy, large and fragrant.

The stock tree must be intact, completely healthy, and have good immunity. It is also important to understand that the plum tree ages quickly, and 10 years after planting, there is no particular sense in grafting.

Some gardeners plant two or more cuttings of other varieties or species on one plum. This is a really great idea, albeit not for beginners, and requires some experience and dexterity. This saves space in the garden, waiting time, and also brings variety to the "assortment" of fruit trees.

Important: plum and cherry are not very compatible - in this case, the survival rate of the scion is very low.

Sloe - a reliable rootstock for apricot - garden and vegetable garden

Seedlings of cultivated varieties of plum (Prunus domestica L.). Plum as a rootstock for apricot has been known for a long time, nevertheless, nurserymen used it little. Most of all plum as a rootstock was used by amateur fruit growers, as well as in research work. The unequal behavior of apricot on a plum rootstock is explained by the fact that at one time a large number of plum varieties were used, mainly local varieties, which differ significantly from each other.

The results do not coincide even within the same varieties, especially the old ones, which are represented by many clones (Rosy, Prun Grass, Anna Shpet, etc.). For plums, as for other types of rootstock, the main criteria for the selection of rootstock shapes in the past were growth strength, durability, frost resistance, resistance to pests and diseases, and the height of the stem in order to obtain the most vigorous planting material.

Within the plum species, there is a wide variety of varieties that differ in tree habit: from very tall trees to almost dwarf ones. This variety allows you to choose varieties, and within varieties clones with moderate growth and even low-growing, allowing you to get such planting material that would be suitable for setting up intensive and super-intensive gardens.

The results of the study of rootstocks for apricot allow us to conclude that cultivated varieties of plum as rootstocks are better compatible with apricot than cherry plum, both in the nursery and in the garden. Certain varieties of plum give a better yield of more even rootstock seedlings than cherry plum.

In the practice of fruit growing, there is a tendency to replace cherry plum as a rootstock for apricot plum. However, this does not mean the end of the search for valuable forms of cherry plum, which could be used as perfect rootstocks for apricot, especially since cherry plum has a number of valuable qualities that other rootstocks do not have.

Biological features

The blackthorn belongs to the pink family, the genus plum. It is one of the most common wild species of the genus. It is found in groups along forest edges, ravines, on slopes and in lowlands in central Russia. There are large thickets of thorns in the Crimea and the Caucasus.

Blackthorn most often grows in the form of a highly branched shrub 1.5–3 m high. Its characteristic feature is the roundness of the branches and abundant formation of root shoots. The bark is dark gray, the leaves are small, elliptical, slightly pubescent on the underside. The buds are small, in the axils of the leaves - 2-3. It blooms quite early (April - May). The pinkish-white flowers bloom before the leaves. Pollinated mainly by bees.

Fruits (drupes) are small, round, black or dark blue, with a strong waxy coating, sitting on a thick stalk. The pulp of ripe fruits is greenish, sweet and sour, with a tart taste. The fruits ripen in August - September. Productivity - 3-4 kg of fruits from an adult bush.

The thorn is an extremely variable species. It varies in height, ranging from dwarf forms (0.5 m) to fairly tall trees. Individual forms differ in the degree of branching, the presence of thorns on the branches (shortened sharp shoots), the size of fruits and seeds, winter hardiness and drought resistance.

Cuttings blanks for summer grafting

As already mentioned, fresh cuttings, not harvested in six months, but recently cut are suitable for summer apricot grafting. It is better to cut them just before grafting, but if this is not possible, then the cut cuttings are wrapped in a damp cloth, and then in a plastic bag. So they can be transported or stored. But the longer the shelf life, the less chance that they will take root. The maximum shelf life of non-grafted cuttings is 2 weeks.

As a scion, annual shoots are chosen, at least half a centimeter in diameter. A growth bud is usually present at the top of the cutting, and leafy ones on the sides. Grafts must be healthy, free of visible damage and disease.

The procedure is carried out with a sharp knife or pruner. Cuttings are cut from a young fruiting tree. Twigs are chosen from the edge of the crown so that they are better illuminated by the sun. The length of the handle must be at least 30 cm.

It is better to cut them before the heat, in the morning. Do not do this in rainy weather. All leaves are removed from the prepared cutting so that moisture does not evaporate through them.

Watch the video: Plum and Peach Rootstock Propagation