Such a herbaceous perennial, as a cuff, is often used by gardeners to create a relief green cover in a flower garden and in an area where shrubs grow. This plant is part of the Rosaceae family. The cuff is most widespread in nature in Eurasia, North and South America; it is somewhat less common in New Zealand and Africa. This plant is distinguished by its high decorative effect, and it also has medicinal properties. It is popularly called a sickness, a ram, a goose foot, breast grass, bear's paw, God's tear, or inter-finger.
Features of the cuff
The cuff is a herbaceous perennial plant, the surface rhizome of which is creeping. In length, the shoots reach about half a meter, they can have dense pubescence or be naked. Shoots grow from points of growth and can both creep along the surface of the soil and rise above it.
Near the base of the stem are the largest carved leaf plates, their petioles are very dense. Smaller leaves are formed from internodes. The foliage is finger-shaped, rounded, divided into segments with varying degrees of dissection, and its surface is decorated with embossed radial veins. Each leaf plate has from 7 to 11 blades, which are colored greenish yellow or deep green. Sometimes there is a slight dissection of the sheet plate, in this case it has an almost round shape. It can also be cut very strongly or be folded. The foliage has a finely toothed edge. The foliage has a short dense pubescence, because of this, dew drops do not fall directly on the surface of the leaves and do not roll down to the ground, but gather together, forming sparkling pearls.
Bloom is observed from June to September. At this time, straight tall peduncles grow from internodes, on which small umbrella-shaped inflorescences are formed, they include small nondescript flowers of a greenish-yellow hue. But the plus of these flowers is that they have a pleasant honey smell. In place of the pollinated flowers, over time, small oblong fruits are formed, which outwardly resemble nuts. They have a large number of small seeds ripening inside them.
The cuff is ordinary and the cuff is soft. Decorative and medicinal perennial
For reproduction of the cuff, generative (seed) and vegetative methods are used.
Growing from seeds
From seeds, the cuff is grown through seedlings. To do this, a fertile loose soil mixture is poured into the box, which passes air and water well. At the same time, it is recommended to make a drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles at the bottom of the container. Seeds are sown to a depth of 0.7 to 1 cm. Sowing is carried out in March or November. If the sowing was carried out in the fall, then 15 days after sowing the seeds, the box is transferred to the street. It is placed in a place that has reliable protection from direct sunlight and drafts.
In springtime, transfer crops to a well-lit and warm place. Since the seeds underwent natural stratification during the winter, seedlings appear relatively quickly. After they have formed from 2 to 4 true leaf plates, they should be cut into individual peat pots. Cuff seedlings are planted in open ground in the spring after warm weather sets in (sometimes this happens already in the last days of April). Bushes will delight you with their flowering in the first year of growth.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
A heavily overgrown bush can be divided into several parts. Often, lodging shoots themselves give rise to roots. The shoots that have their own root system, if necessary, can be cut off from the mother bush using a sharp tool. Lift the scion out of the soil and plant it in its permanent location. When planting bushes, the distance between them should be at least 0.3 m. It is best to propagate the cuff in this way in early spring.
Planting and care in the open field
Choosing a landing site
For planting the cuff, it is recommended to choose an open sunny area; a place in a little shade is also suitable. It is not recommended to plant it under trees with a lush dense crown, in this case the flower will grow poorly and be sick relatively often. The soil should be light, saturated with humus, and also allow air and water to pass through well. Loamy or sandy loam soil, which can be slightly acidic or neutral, is best suited.
The cuff is soft. GardenOwn Hands
Water the cuff often and abundantly. Do not allow the liquid to stagnate in the ground, because this can cause the root system to be affected by a fungal disease. If desired, from time to time, you can loosen the surface of the soil near the bushes.
Such a plant is able to suppress the growth of weeds, which greatly facilitates its care. Experts advise, feeding twice or thrice during the season. Best of all, the cuff responds to the introduction of organic matter, for this they most often use an infusion of chicken manure or mullein, as well as fermented infusion of weed grass.
Such a fast-growing plant needs systematic pruning. This will help contain the growth of the cuff. And thanks to the timely pruning of wilted inflorescences, self-seeding will be avoided. One bush in the same place can be grown for several decades, and at the same time it will retain its decorative effect.
Such a garden culture is highly resistant to frost. Moreover, it winters well in the open field, even in mid-latitudes. If the frosts are very strong in winter, then sprinkle the bushes with flying leaves in the autumn. With the onset of spring, the bushes are cleaned and pruned for sanitary purposes, removing all those shoots that have dried up or have been injured. Remember that this plant is fast growing, so you should not be afraid to shorten its shoots.
Diseases and pests
If you care for the cuff correctly and choose a suitable area for it, then it will practically not hurt. Powdery mildew is observed when grown on wet, heavy soil. Black rust affects those bushes that grow in the shade.
Most often, the plant suffers from slugs and snails. To prevent gastropods from reaching the cuff, sprinkle the surface of the earth around the bushes with crushed egg shells or wood ash.
Types of cuffs with photos and names
In nature, there are about 600 different types of cuffs. Often, different species look exactly the same, and only a specialist will be able to distinguish between them. On the garden plot, those species are most often cultivated that are described in detail below.
Common cuff (Alchemilla vulgaris)
This species has medicinal properties and is widely used in medicine. On the surface of its ascending green stems, pubescence is found. Folded rounded leaf plates have from 7 to 10 radial veins. Flowering begins in the last days of May and is not very abundant. False-umbellate inflorescences consist of very small pale green or yellowish flowers. Since the rhizome of the plant is creeping, it can grow rapidly, capturing more and more new territories. Some gardeners consider this type of cuff a weed, because it is distinguished by its vitality and it is almost impossible to eradicate it.
Soft cuff (Alchemilla mollis)
In this species, sprawling spherical bushes are formed, and all due to the fact that its branched shoots are erect, and in height they reach from 0.45 to 0.5 m.The rich green lobed leaf plates of a round shape have a dense short pubescence. They are divided into 9-11 concave sectors. Bushes bloom from June to August. At this time, a large number of tall inflorescences are formed, consisting of yellowish-green flowers, reaching about 0.3 cm in diameter. The seed material fully ripens in the first days of September.
Red cuff (Alchemilla erythropoda)
Such a ground cover perennial reaches a height of no more than 15 centimeters. The seamy surface of the leaf plates, as well as their petioles, have a pale red tint. Rounded leaves are divided into 7-9 sectors, and they are painted in a greenish-blue tint. In June or July, panicles open on the bushes, which include yellowish flowers, reaching about 1 cm in diameter.
Cuff connected (Alchemilla conjuncta)
Rising branched stems reach a height of no more than 20 centimeters. The shoots are decorated with rounded leaf plates deeply dissected into seven lobes, the surface of which is glossy, smooth, rich green color. The seamy surface has a dense pubescence of a silvery color. Flowering begins in July. The color of the flowers is yellowish-green.
Cuff in landscape design
The cuff is very popular among landscape designers due to its openwork sheet plates. It allows you to create a green cover in the garden. Most often, for planting such a plant, they choose the sides of garden paths, slopes, or an area located near the stony masonry. For framing flower beds, low-growing varieties of cuffs are used. Thanks to its rich foliage, flowering crops look more impressive.
The yellow-green flowers of such a perennial are distinguished by their peculiar beauty and can also become an adornment of your garden, like its foliage. Experts recommend planting the cuff next to a delphinium, daylily, thyme or astilba.
The fact that the cuff has healing properties became known to man for a long time. Moreover, it has found wide application both in folk and official medicine in a large number of countries.
Raw materials are harvested at a time when the bushes are blooming, immediately after the morning dew has dried on the foliage. Cut off the entire aerial part of the plant, after which it is removed for drying. To do this, choose a place in the fresh air that has reliable protection from rain and direct sunlight. A completely dried cuff is stored in a glass jar or in a paper bag. Shelf life is 1 year.
The cuff contains many useful substances, for example: ascorbic acid, flavonoids, coumarins, resins, steroids, tannins, phenol carboxylic and fatty acids, lipids, catechins, and also trace elements (iron, copper, boron, nickel, zinc, manganese and molybdenum ).
Infusions, decoctions and compresses are distinguished by the following useful properties: lactogenic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hemostatic, wound-healing, vaso-strengthening and antitumor. This plant is widely used in gynecology. The phytohormones included in its composition help to cure female infertility, restore the menstrual cycle and maintain pregnancy. But self-administration of drugs based on the cuff is unacceptable. They are taken only under the supervision of a doctor.
Tea made from such a plant helps to improve the condition of type 2 diabetes. It improves the functioning of the intestines and pancreas by normalizing the amount of sugar in the blood.
Reception of funds based on the cuff is possible at any age, regardless of the state of health. It is forbidden to take them only in case of violation of intestinal motility and with individual intolerance.
Medicinal herbs - Cuff
Types and varieties
Statice belongs to the Pig family. The genus itself has more than 100 species. The most popular are:
- Statice Notched (Limonium sinuatum) - a culture that has a height of about 60 cm. Small flowers have a diameter of no more than 1 cm. The flower cups can be white, pink or blue with a purple tinge. The leaves are dark green in color. The edges of the leaves are wavy. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts for two months
- Statice broadleaf (Limonium latifolium) - This is a bush, the height of which can reach 80 cm. When the plant blooms, it is a beautiful bright ball. The leaves can be up to 15 cm wide. Flowers can be blue or purple. Flowering begins in July and lasts for 50 days
- Bloom statice (Limonium vulgare) lasts throughout the summer. Small purple flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences. This is a stunted variety of a plant. The leaves are ovoid.
Suprem Is a very popular flower variety. Used as a dried flower. Cut flowers, when dried, retain their color and decorative qualities for a very long time. It blooms very profusely - from July until frost. The variety is used in the creation of alpine slides, flower beds and mixborders. It can grow up to 60 cm. The colors are various: blue, white, carmine, yellow, blue.
Statice German perennial - This is a variety, the height of which usually does not exceed 40 cm. Plants are grown for cutting and drying. Also used in the creation of alpine slides, mixborders. This variety is resistant to frost and drought. Flowering begins in July and ends with the arrival of frost. The flower cups are white.
Blue north - a plant up to 80 cm high. Small flowers, collected in inflorescences in the form of scutes, have a deep blue color. This is a variety of a Dutch agricultural company. It blooms from mid-summer to the beginning of frost. The blue north looks great in decorating mixborders and flower beds, as well as alpine slides and rabatoks.
Kvis- This is a common variety that has spectacular decorative qualities. The plant is a perennial, although it is grown as an annual. The variety is grown for cutting and drying. Also flowers look great in flower beds with other cultures. The variety is unpretentious, resistant to frost and drought. Inflorescences are corymbose. Their diameter reaches 12 cm.
Mascot - a variety presented by the Russian company Poisk. It is a two-tone blend. The height of annual plants can reach 60 cm. It blooms in July and blooms until the first frost. Statice is used in group plantings, alpine slides. Also grown for cutting and for creating winter bouquets.
Types and varieties
The number of heart species has changed recently (botanists are improving the rules of taxonomy), but almost all are grown as ornamental plants.
The genus Dicentra includes 8 species:
- Dicentra excellent (D. Eximia)
- Canadian (D. canadensis)
- Klobuchkovaya (D. Cucullaria)
- Beautiful (D. Formosa)
- Single-flowered (D. uniflora)
- D. Nevadensis
- D. Pauciflora
- D. peregrina.
Dicentra splendid (Dicentra spectabilis) is the most popular, frequently occurring species. Perennial reaches a height of 60-90 cm with straight stems. The leaves are pinnate. Blooms from May to June. Flowers are original, heart-shaped. The varieties with pink flowers are the most prized. The plant can also bloom white.
Photo. The center is magnificent.
Dicentra klobuchkovaya (Dicentra cucullaria) is a low perennial plant up to 30 cm tall with feathery leaves. Blooms from April to May. The white-yellow flowers are in the shape of a hood.
Photo. Dicenter nodular
Dicentra exceptional (excellent) (Dicentra eximia) - perennial up to 30 cm tall with dark green feathery leaves. The species resembles a fern before flowering. Blooms from May to June. White or pink, small flowers in a bunch. The species is sometimes used as a groundcover.
Photo. Dicenter exceptional
Popular varieties of Dicentra spectabilis:
- Alba (Alba) is a beautiful perennial, the snow-white flowers of which will decorate and revive the shaded corners of many gardens. The plant produces lush green leaves that die off after flowering. Grows up to a height of 30 cm, ideal for planting in flower beds, in groups and individually.
- Gold Heart is a novelty among varieties. It features delicious golden leaves, the colors of which are extremely rare among garden plants. One of the few varieties that does not lose leaves until autumn. The bush reaches a height of 50 cm, in May it gives pink flowers.
- Valentine (Valentine) is an extremely effective perennial with unusual red flowers, collected in long bunches. Flowering period: end of May - June. It grows up to a height of 80 cm, forming large compact bushes. Its impressive shape makes it ideal as a garden tapeworm.
All types and varieties of dicentra are extremely beautiful flowers and extraordinary deciduous shrubs. Especially noteworthy are the white varieties, pleasing with the whiteness of the heart-shaped flowers.
Platycodon, like the popular aster, is an ornamental plant, perfect for flower beds and flower beds, grows well on the balcony.
You should not plant bells in flower beds where bright colors and tall plants reign, because their subtle charm will be overridden by other flowers. Both flowers and buds are decorative.
Platycodon will look great in:
- rockeries (dwarf varieties)
- on ridges, where mostly green plants are planted
- when neighboring plants do not have strong, intense flower colors and do not need a lot of water
- it is worth combining shirokokolokolchiki with other colors, getting interesting balcony compositions
- suitable for compositions with low-growing plants with decorative leaves that perfectly complement the composition
- used as a cut flower.
Advice. Platycodon stays fresh in the bouquet for a long time. But since it secretes milky juice, it is better to first immerse the ends of its stems in water at a temperature of 90 ° C for a few minutes so that the "milk" stops flowing, and only then place it in a vase.
Blue is in harmony with many other colors, which gives freedom of choice. However, you need to choose neighboring plants with similar positioning and grooming requirements.
Few people know that Platycodon grandiflorus was previously considered a medicinal plant. Decoctions of Platicodone roots contain triterpene saponin, which has been used as an expectorant.
Platycodons can be freely combined with other flowers and shrubs. They are very easy to grow, making them suitable for both beginner and experienced gardeners. It is only important to provide flowers with appropriate conditions for development.