The best breeds of rabbits for breeding at home
The breeds of rabbits are so diverse and numerous that it can be difficult for a beginner breeder to decide which breed to choose for further breeding? In order not to be mistaken in the choice, you must first determine for yourself what you want to get from rabbits: a lot of tasty meat, valuable skins, or both?
For breeding at home, it is advisable to choose those breeds of rabbits that tolerate Russian climatic conditions well and do not require special care, then rabbit breeding will be profitable, even if you use the products for personal purposes, and not for sale.
Meat breeds - rabbits quickly gain weight and by six months they can be slaughtered for meat
All rabbit breeds are conventionally divided into three categories:
- meat breeds - rabbits quickly gain weight and by six months they can be slaughtered for meat;
- downy breeds with thick, soft down, which is widely used in light industry;
- meat and skin - from such rabbits you can get both beautiful skins and a sufficient amount of dietary meat.
There are also decorative breeds of rabbits suitable for keeping in an apartment. These little fluffy animals are bred instead of pets, for their own pleasure. Especially popular is the lop-eared rabbit with long hanging ears.
The largest representatives of the meat breed are the massive Flandre rabbits. It was this breed that became the progenitor for the rest of the large-sized meat breeds. Flandres are real giant rabbits, they grow up to 70 cm in length, their body weight can reach ten kilograms! Clumsy, lop-eared hulks have a strong muscular body and tender, soft meat, their thick fur has various shades, reminiscent of kangaroo, beaver fur, calm and balanced character. No wonder the Flandre rabbits are so popular all over the world!
However, giant rabbits, the photos of which are amazing for everyone, are considered not the most effective in rabbit breeding. Ears take up a lot of space, consume a large amount of food, rabbits are late maturity and often experience problems in childbirth, and it is more difficult to care for a large skin. Therefore, experienced rabbit breeders often prefer more effective breeds that are devoid of the listed disadvantages. But this does not mean that giant rabbits do not deserve attention - it all depends on the goals for which you are engaged in rabbit farming and on your capabilities.
Flandres are real giant rabbits, they grow up to 70 cm in length, body weight can reach ten kilograms
New Zealand white
The average weight of adults reaches five kilograms. The carcass of animals is knocked down, dense, there are no excess fat deposits on the muscles. The color of the animals is pure white, the body is compact, with developed muscles, the head is small with erect short ears, a strong constitution, the bones are well developed.
The New Zealand white rabbit is characterized by active growth at an early age: by three months it weighs about three kilograms. Rabbits are fertile, able to feed up to twelve young rabbits. New Zealand rabbits are also good for their calm disposition and adaptability to keeping on mesh floors due to the fact that the soles of the rabbit's feet are covered with dense wool.
A feature of ram rabbits is long ears, for which the breed received the second name rabbit lop-eared
Sheep rabbits, which are widespread in Western European countries, also belong to meat breeds. In length rabbits of the ram breed reach 70 cm, body weight in some cases is 7-8 kg. The skin is velvety, of various colors. Representatives of the breed have a strong body and excellent taste. Bunnies bring nine rabbits for one okrol.
The peculiarity of ram rabbits is long ears, for which the breed received the second name rabbit fold. There is an opinion that it is due to the lop-earedness, which impairs the hearing of animals, that these rabbits have a calm, docile nature.
In Russia, the breed is represented by several types with different weights and different quality of down, there are individuals with black and blue coloration. On average, the weight of adults of the White Down breed is four kilograms, the constitution of full-aged animals is strong, the body reaches 55 cm in length. Female rabbits are moderately fertile, they can bear up to 7 rabbits in one round. From one animal it is possible to get up to 700 g of fluff in a year, and from rabbits - up to a kilogram. In White downy rabbits, the down is light, strong, elastic and gentle, and the rabbits themselves are enduring and well acclimatized.
In White Down Rabbits, the down is light, strong, elastic and gentle.
The Angora rabbit, which resembles a fluffy ball in appearance, is also popular as a pet animal, moreover, it has a friendly and playful character. If you study the rabbit breeds online with pictures, the adorable animals of this fluffy breed will definitely grab your attention!
The weight of adult Angora rabbits is only 3 kg, the rabbits grow rather slowly - only by the age of six months they gain a mass of two kilograms. The female rabbit, on average, brings about six young rabbits. Disadvantages of angora rabbits: they need to be cut regularly and can only be kept in warm, dry, spacious cages.
Meat and skin breeds
Bunnies bring eight rabbits each, which grow rather quickly
The brown rabbit is distinguished by its special endurance and unpretentiousness. In addition, representatives of the Black-brown breed have delicious meat and amazingly beautiful skin of the original color, reminiscent of the color of a black-brown fox. Bunnies bring eight rabbits each, which grow rather quickly.
This breed is popular among rabbit breeders due to the unique color of the skin with specks resembling butterfly wings against the background of white fur. According to the color of the spots, the breed is subdivided into blue, yellow, black and gray. Rabbits Butterflies are well adapted to the Russian climate, produce delicious meat, rabbit is highly fertile.
Video about the breed of rabbits "Butterfly"
The special, heterogeneous color of the fur determines the popularity of rabbits of this breed among domestic rabbit breeders (how beautiful these rabbits bark with fur, the photo cannot fully convey). Silver-blue skins are widely used in sewing fur products, both in their natural form and as an imitation under the fur of real chinchillas.
In addition to beautiful fur, Chinchilla rabbits are distinguished by tasty meat and good growth rates: their live weight reaches three kilograms by three months, and adults weigh from five to seven kilograms. For one okrol, the rabbits bring eight rabbits.
Mating rabbits (mating rabbits) is an essential part of the rabbit breeding process. The fact is that only with high-quality and properly organized mating, the farmer is guaranteed to receive a healthy offspring.
- How rabbits breed
- Rabbit mating rules
- Determining the gender of the rabbit
- Showing willingness to mate
- Choosing a female for mating
- Ideal age for mating
- How the mating process works
- Reasons for unsuccessful mating
- Rabbit inbreeding
- How to mate rabbits at home
- Mating after birth
- Features of winter mating
- Features of mating decorative breeds
- Determination of mating performance
It is worth saying that not all individuals are allowed to breed in rabbit breeding, because first you need to go through a selection, which takes into account such characteristics as age, health status, experience of previous coverings, wool quality, character, and so on. How rabbits reproduce, what conditions need to be created for this, at what age rabbits happen, all this needs to be known to the farmer for successful breeding of fluffs.
Seeded and wild grasses can be used to feed rabbits at home for better weight gain. The more there are, the less feed and cereals you need. For feeding, use strictly young grass - it is low in fiber and high in protein. Older plants have less nutritional value and are less assimilated by the animal's digestive system.
One kind of herbs should not be given for a long time.
The rabbit's diet should consist of the following crops:
- Dandelion medicinal - a lot of protein, little fiber, the herb increases appetite. It is best to give it in combination with other herbs, but dandelion should not account for more than 30% of the total diet in order to avoid growth delays.
- Siberian hogweed - helps to increase lactation, grows in meadows, usually between bushes. Only leaves are used for food
- Nettle - a culture rich in proteins and vitamins, has a tonic effect, helps with indigestion. It can be given fresh and harvested for the winter. The most useful (and even medicinal) are nettle leaves, which were collected in late June and early July.
- Mother-and-stepmother - the herb helps with diseases of the stomach, upper respiratory tract. Leaves begin to be given in mid-May. Flowers, roots and leaves of coltsfoot are dried for the winter (this is best done in June)
- Wheatgrass is a nutrient culture with a pronounced diuretic effect. Rhizomes are used for feed
- Plantain - heals wounds, rich in proteins and minerals. Grows on roadsides, between fields, meadows
- Wormwood - stimulates appetite, reduces the likelihood of intestinal disorders. Wormwood is the main remedy for worms.
All of these crops are divided into three large groups - forest, steppe and meadow.
In the forest, you can collect a large number of conventionally weeds useful for rabbits. The main ones are nettle, wild clover, thistle, quinoa, rape, dandelion. Wheatgrass, plantain, shepherd's purse will work too. We remind you that it is not recommended to pick the greenery near the roads.
If you have your own vegetable garden, give the animals the grass that grows on it. The main crops are beets, peas, parsley, peppers, herbs, rhubarb, celery. Rabbits love grape leaves, so don't throw them away after pruning. You can give the animals the leaves of fruit trees.
Any food should be given strictly dried or dry - "wet" food is not suitable for rabbits.
Meadow or forage grasses are a cheap and healthy diet for herbivores. Collect them in the summer and dry them for hay. The most popular plants are vetch, lupine, nettle, oats, rye, sida, alfalfa, and red clover. It is better to mow meadow cereals young - this way they are more useful.
We build a chicken coop ourselves
Self-construction in any case will cost less than buying a finished product. But, if there is no time and opportunity for independent construction, then you can purchase an already made chicken coop with a walk or order it according to your own drawing.
The standard set of tools that will be needed at the construction of a chicken coop does not require any unusual things.
During construction, you will need a different tool.
These are all those devices that can be found in almost every private house:
- nails, screws
These are the basic tools, but during the construction process, something else may be needed due to the existing materials and changes in the project.
What materials will be required
The chicken coop is a budget design, so what is available for construction is used:
- old window frames
- an old wooden door in which you can cut a hole
- any insulation
- roofing material for roof
- ventilation pipes.
Most of these materials can be found on the site - boards, windows and doors are often left behind after the destruction of old buildings. They are perfect for setting up a chicken coop.
Where to begin
It is necessary to start breeding domestic farm animals by assessing the availability of resources for managing the farm, taking into account your preferences and the time that can be spent on labor. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the climate and the conditions under which animals will be breeding.
What you need to be prepared for:
- Changes in hygiene conditions. Animals emit unpleasant, concentrated odors. In addition, special work clothes will be required, in which cleaning and cleaning of agricultural premises will have to be performed.
- A huge waste of time. Most often, animals need to be fed two to three times a day, and before that, you still need to cook food for them. The individual details of the arrangement of the premises and the direct care of the individuals will also take a lot of time.
- Health tracking. Animals need vaccination and preventive measures against common diseases. In the event that they become ill, additional resources will be required to treat them - time and money.
- High prices for pets. For example: the cost of a good dairy cow reaches fifty to sixty thousand rubles, one rabbit - two to three thousand.
- The need to equip large rooms. Large animals need large housing areas. This will require the provision of a large plot of land and buildings.
All these difficulties can bring some problems for beginners, but for amateurs and professionals, they become commonplace.
With the availability of appropriate resources, it is possible to purchase equipment and machines to facilitate the solution of the problems of animal husbandry.
When buying ready-made rabbit foods, you should choose those that have been developed specifically for these animals. Sometimes the owners start giving the rabbits compound feed for cattle. This is wrong because their needs are different. Nutritional requirements for slaughter rabbits and ornamental rabbits also differ.
Complete dry food for rabbits raised for meat and skins should be high in nutrients and vitamins. Such feeds are developed taking into account the need for active growth and weight gain of animals in a short time. Popular manufacturers:
- Feed & Life
Complete dry food brands differ in price, composition and quality of ingredients. Companies produce socialized food for rabbits with diseases, pregnant rabbits, young rabbits. Some of the more popular dry rabbit feed brands include:
- Vitakraft Menu
- Jr farm
- LoLo Pets
- Benelux funny
- Little one
Cross chickens highsex
Hisex refers to the egg direction. The cross was bred in Holland by crossing white Leghorn cocks with New Hampshire chickens. Highsex came to us in 1974. Highsex is a cross, so it will not work to breed them in oneself. The body is small and lightweight. The color of the highsex brown is red, and that of the highsex white is white. The mass of adult chickens is 1800 g. The safety of young stock is 89%, and of adult chickens is 90%. At the age of 4.5 months, the bird begins to rush. Laying hens rush every day. Highsex is capable of producing 280-315 eggs per year. The mass of one egg is within 62-65 g. The color of the shell is white and red, depending on the cross.The feed cost required for the production of 10 eggs is 1.2 kg. Egg production is 1.5-2 years. For good egg production, it is better to buy chickens at specialized poultry farms.
High-line cross chickens
High-line refers to the egg direction. Adult high-line chickens weigh 1.6-1.7 kg. The high-line chickens have a production period of 80 weeks. During this period, the chicken produces 340-350 eggs. Egg weight 60-65 g. Eggs are large with a strong shell. Feed consumption for 10 eggs is 1.2 kg. The high-line cross has good immunity. High-line has a calm temperament and perfectly adapts to various conditions of detention.
Tetra chickens cross
Tetra refers to the egg direction. Cross is the result of consistent genetic work. Color from white to brown. An adult bird reaches a mass of 2 kg. The tetra produces 300-310 eggs per year. The average weight of eggs is 67 g. The eggshell is dark brown in color. Feed consumption for 10 eggs is 1.45 kg. Tetra chickens have extraordinary vitality and excellent egg quality, in many ways they positively stand out among the most common egg crosses in the world. Tetras are extremely calm, adapt well to various conditions and are capable of excellent egg production. The content is simple, reliable and economical.
Cross chickens shaver
Shaver belongs to the egg direction. The cross was developed in Holland by the Hendrix Genetics Company. Color - white, black, brown. The bird begins to rush at 5 months. The shaver produces a small, good quality egg. Egg production for the productive period averages 405 eggs. The average egg weight is 62 g. Shaver chickens reach a weight of 2 kg. Average feed consumption per day is 110 g. Cross shaver is divided into 3 types - shaver brown, shaver white, shaver black. Egg shell color - brown or white, depending on the cross.
Cross chickens loman brown
Lohman Brown belongs to the egg direction. Cross was created in Germany by Lohmann Tierzucht. The plumage color is brown. Roosters weigh up to 3 kg, and chickens weigh 2 kg. Loman brown chickens begin to lay at 5 months. The cross produces 310-320 eggs per year. Egg weight is 62-64 g. Egg shell color is brown. On average, Loman Brown consumes 110 g of feed per day. Already at day old, chickens can be distinguished by sex: fawn-colored chickens and white males. Loman Brown feels great with any type of content.
At poultry farms, as a rule, two breeds are used to obtain broiler chickens: on the paternal side - meat - white Cornish, on the maternal side - meat and egg - white Plymouthrock. Further, the resulting offspring are again crossed with the white Cornish meat breed. Chickens from Rhode Islands, Kuchinsky, New Hampshire, etc. are also used to breed broiler chickens.
Thus, the broiler chick is not a breed, but a cross (that is, a "hybrid"), which does not transmit stable traits to its offspring.
Adult broiler chickens lay few eggs due to the predominant participation in their creation of the beef breed. And chickens from these eggs will be inferior to their parents both in growth rate and in meat quality. So there is no point in breeding broiler chickens on your farm.
Today, broiler chickens are widely used both in poultry farms and in private farmsteads, as an excellent way to get a lot of meat in a short time. Broilers gain weight quickly and are undemanding in terms of nutrition and maintenance.
When it comes to broiler chicken breeds, breeds such as COBB-500, ROSS 708 and ROSS-308 immediately come to mind.
Broiler chickens ROSS - 708 are a hybrid. The carcass is yellow, high feed-to-growth ratio. The main feature is the ROSS-708 broiler chicken grows very quickly. With a correctly selected feeding and maintenance regime, high-quality nutrition, the readiness period for ROSS is approximately thirty-five days, the live weight of chickens will reach 2.9 kilograms. This is the best performance among broiler breeds.
The potential of another breed of chicken broilers - ROSS 308 is almost unique - the increase in live weight per day with proper feeding and maintenance is from 52 to 58 grams. The powerful muscle mass of ROSS 308 broilers is formed at an early age. The optimal slaughter time for this breed is considered to be between six and nine weeks of age. By this time, the chickens already weigh up to two kilograms.
Adult chicken broiler ROSS 308 produces a lot of eggs, most of which have high hatchability during incubation.
The main characteristics of the broiler chicken breed ROSS 308 are:
Rapid growth, early slaughter.
Large muscle mass.
The main feature of broilers of the KOBB-500 breed is the yellowish color of the carcass, even if you feed the bird with feed that does not contain yellow pigment. This property is important for retail.
The plumage of broilers KOBB-500, white, as, however, and in two varieties of ROSS. Broilers KOBB-500 are extremely productive in growth. The best time for slaughter is up to forty-two days, by this time the bird reaches a weight of 2.4 kilograms.
Chickens of the COBB-500 breed are very popular among farmers around the world, as they show an almost ideal ratio of growth rate and muscle gain.
Chickens broilers KOBB-500 is:
Excellent live weight gain.
Low cost of finished meat.
Large and strong legs.
Excellent feed conversion.
White and large breasts.
Remarkable survival rates.
Of course, many different factors affect the productive qualities of poultry, first of all, proper feeding. When it comes to such a poultry segment as broiler chickens, its specificity comes to the fore. How to fatten broilers for the best meat yield?
The main characteristic of broiler chickens is their fast growth rate. If broilers are fattened for meat, then they should be kept no more than eighty days, then the growth rate slows down. Muscle mass gains most actively in the first month of feeding. Poultry of these breeds should be reared in dimly lit chicken coops. The chicks must be at rest, so no pasture is needed.
To gain weight quickly, broiler chickens must be well fed.
In the early days, broilers are fed approximately the same way as ordinary chickens of egg breeds - cottage cheese, crushed wheat, oatmeal, boiled eggs). Grain feed (wheat, barley, oats) is given to chickens in finely crushed form. At this stage, grain should make up about 65 percent of the broiler's diet.
On the 3rd day, the chickens' diet includes green feed, which is given chopped 6 g per chicken per day. You can also feed them with sprouted grains (barley is best suited for these purposes), as well as grass flour at the rate of 2 - 3 g per head per day. But it is not recommended to give more than 5 g of grass meal to broilers, since it contains a lot of fiber, which is poorly absorbed by the poultry body. Red carrots are very useful for broiler chickens, which are added to the mash at the rate of 3 - 5 g per head.
From 10 days of age, chickens are fed with fish and slaughter waste (up to 10-15 g per head), soybean, sunflower meal, green fodder, always grated carrots, potatoes. Introduce mineral feeds - bone meal, chalk, shells. They must be crushed and added to the mash, 2 - 3 g per head per day from 5 to 7 days of age. Chickens also eat fine gravel (it is poured into the feeders from the first days of hatching), it improves the motor activity of the stomach, which contributes to better digestibility of feed. Remember not to give sand to chickens.
Chickens at 20 days of age are fed potatoes. It must be boiled, kneaded and added to a damp mash. Young animals also need valuable dairy products, so give them whey, cottage cheese, reverse, etc.
Broilers, like other chickens, need vitamins A and E for normal and full development. They are introduced into the diet from the 5th day of life of the young.
You can make a very healthy trivitamin yourself. Take oily solutions of vitamins A, D2 and E. Pour 10 ml of them into a half-liter jar of vegetable oil, shake well and store in the refrigerator. Add the prepared solution to the mash 2 times a week at the rate: 1 tsp. for 1 kg of feed.
It is possible to replace vitamin D2 with vitamin D3. But it must be remembered that its activity is 25 - 30 times higher, and an overdose can cause poisoning. To prevent this from happening, you need to mix one drop of vitamin D3 with 30 drops of vegetable oil and add the resulting mixture to the mash at the rate of vitamin D. Feeding with vitamins will avoid rickets and other diseases in chickens.
Feed chickens of meat breeds ad libitum and often in the first 7 days - 8 times a day, in the second week - 6 times, on the third - 4 times a day. Broilers gain the most and fastest weight in the first four weeks, and this is when they need to be fed well and properly. They grow faster when they eat dry or slightly moist, highly nutritious food.
In a month, you will receive young animals, the average weight of which is 500 - 700 g, by the age of 2.5 months, its weight should be 2 kg or more.
The intensity of muscle growth in boiler chickens largely depends on the presence of protein in the diet, its quantity and quality.
Protein feed can be of plant and animal origin. Vegetable - this is soybean or sunflower oilcakes, peas. Animal - bone, fish, feather meal, milk powder, etc.
Protein feed of plant origin should make up 70 percent of all protein food, animal - thirty percent. For best results, feed the broilers with three to four different protein feeds.
An important condition for the rapid growth of broiler chickens is the indoor temperature. Before accepting young animals, the room should be warmed up to 24 degrees, then the temperature should be reduced to 20 degrees and kept at this level. Remember, chickens are thirsty all the time, and therefore always have boiled water in the drinker.
By observing all the rules for caring for broiler chickens, you can achieve rapid bird growth and amazing productivity.