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Propeller Plant Info: Learn How To Grow A Propeller Plant

Propeller Plant Info: Learn How To Grow A Propeller Plant


By: Mary Ellen Ellis

Also known as airplane plant, the propeller plant is apretty succulent that gets its name from the shape of its leaves. Sickle- orpropeller-shaped, the fleshy leaves are attractive enough, but this plant alsobursts forth with stunning red flowers. Read on to get the propeller plantinformation that will help you successfully grow this delightful succulent.

What is a Propeller Plant?

Propeller plant (Crassulaperfoliata var. falcata) is asucculent native to South Africa. It is commonly known as airplane or propellerplant because the gray-green leaves are shaped like airplane propellers andradiate out horizontally, in pairs. The overall look is reminiscent of thepropellers on a plane.

The leaves are velvety and fleshy and make an attractiveaddition to a succulentgarden or container but are also pretty alone in a pot. With properpropeller plant care, you’ll also get a stunning cluster of red flowers in thesummer. Each individual flower is small, but they are packed into denseclusters that bloom for nearly a month. The propeller plant can grow up to twofeet (0.6 m.) tall.

How to Grow a Propeller Plant

Growing an airplane plant is similar to growing anysucculent. These are plants from warm climates, so they only work outdoors ifyou have mild winters. In the U.S., propeller plant is only hardy in zones 9and up, including areas like the Pacific coast, Arizona, Texas, and thesouthern parts of the southeastern states. However, like other succulents,the propeller plant can be grown indoors nearly anywhere or moved inside forthe cold winter.

Give your airplane plant soil that drains very well. Forcontainers, use a basic cactusmix. Place it in a sunny spot indoors and make sure the pot has adrainage hole. Overwatering and standing water are deadly to succulents. Thebest way to water your plant is to completely soak it and then only water againwhen the soil has totally dried.

This is about all you need to do for propeller plant care.As long as it gets some light and is not overwatered, it should thrive. It willgrow slowly, though, so be patient with your airplane plant, and be prepared fornot getting flowers for a while if growing indoors.

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High Desert Plant Finder & Guide

Other Names: Propeller Plant, Crassula perfoliata var. falcata

A low-rising variety with attractive, narrow gray-green foliage arranged in overlapping pairs very drought-tolerant and does well in poor soils clusters of stunning red flowers in summer an excellent choice for containers and rock gardens

Airplane Plant features showy corymbs of red star-shaped flowers with yellow eyes rising above the foliage in mid summer, which emerge from distinctive creamy white flower buds. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its attractive succulent narrow leaves remain grayish green in color throughout the year. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Airplane Plant is an herbaceous evergreen perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance plant. Trim off the flower heads after they fade and die to encourage more blooms late into the season. It is a good choice for attracting bees and butterflies to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Airplane Plant is recommended for the following landscape applications

  • Mass Planting
  • Rock/Alpine Gardens
  • General Garden Use
  • Groundcover
  • Container Planting

Airplane Plant will grow to be about 18 inches tall at maturity extending to 24 inches tall with the flowers, with a spread of 3 feet. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 15 years.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for a low-water garden or xeriscape application. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in poor soils, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. It can be propagated by division.

Airplane Plant is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden. Be aware that in our climate, this plant may be too tender to survive the winter if left outdoors in a container. Contact our experts for more information on how to protect it over the winter months.


How to Plant Succulents

Last Updated: August 24, 2020 References

This article was co-authored by Chai Saechao. Chai Saechao is the Founder and Owner of Plant Therapy, an indoor-plant store founded in 2018 based in San Francisco, California. As a self-described plant doctor, he believes in the therapeutic power of plants, hoping to keep sharing his love of plants with anyone willing to listen and learn.

There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

This article has been viewed 23,283 times.

Succulents are beautiful plants that can add some pizzazz to your garden or home. They have a reputation for being a fairly hardy plant, but they do require some specific conditions when growing. For instance, they need well-draining soil because they don't tolerate wet roots well. You can plant succulents in containers or in the garden, but either way, take care to make sure your plants are happy and healthy.

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u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.

u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.

u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.

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Chai Saechao
Plant Specialist Expert Interview. 20 February 2019.

  • The time between waterings will depend on your humidity levels, the size of the pot or garden bed, how well the soil drains, and how big the plant is, so you really just need to check it often at first.
  • Some plants may be able to go as long as 2 weeks between waterings, while others might need it as often as every 4 days or so. During succulents' growing season from late spring to early fall, try watering at least 1 a week. [15] X Research source


Tips to take care of the Crassula Falcata “Propeller Plant”

Illumination

Located outside: The Crassula Falcata is grateful to be in the sun, so it is ideal to put the plant in full sun when it is planted in the extreme.

But it can also grow without any problem.

Located inside: as mentioned above, the Crassula Falcata likes direct sun, and for this reason, it is important that if the plant is inside, locate it in an area where it receives enough sunlight so that the succulent can have the best possible growth and grow very pretty

Located outside: They prefer poor soil of nutrients and organic matter and especially Crassula Falcata needs a porous substrate, which has excellent drainage and aeration.

If you plant your Crassula Falcata directly in the garden, a specific substrate is not needed, as long as it is porous, has good drainage and low in nutrients:

Located in the interior: when we plant the Crassula Falcata in the interior if it is important to have a good substrate and with good drainage, since it does not receive direct sunlight the substrate takes longer to dry, and if the soil is kept very wet or With water pools, the roots of the plant can rot.

For this reason, cactus-specific substrates are the most suitable, since they also contain high doses of magnesium. You can also use a universal culture substrate mixed with perlite in equal parts

Watering them in excess is the biggest mistake usually made with succulents.

Too much water, and above all, a caked and poorly drained substrate provide the appearance of fungi and the death of the plant.

From October to May they should be irrigated with a small amount of water, depending on the geographical area, weather, and rainfall.

Before watering it is essential to check that the substrate is dry.

Located outside: in summer and spring times it is important to pour enough water to the plant (especially in summer) since the substrate dries faster by heat.

But despite this, it is important that between irrigation and irrigation, make sure that the substrate is completely dry.

In winter and autumn times you have to be more careful when watering the plant, because the substrate takes longer to dry.

Therefore, you should not water the plant in excess, and leave the plant with the substrate completely dry before re-watering the plant, to avoid the appearance of fungi or root rot.

Located inside: if the Crassula Falcata is located inside it is ideal to water it until the excess water begins to flow out of the hole at the bottom of the pot.

Being located inside the substrate takes longer to dry, especially in winter, so it is not necessary to pour too much water when watering.

And as if it were located inside, you should expect that between irrigation and irrigation, the substrate will dry completely, especially in winter and autumn seasons.

Succulents do not show great nutritional needs.

Only those that come in a pot can require fertilization, although always with care, and especially to stimulate the flowering of the succulent.

It is advisable to use specific fertilizers for cacti and succulents from March to September and always apply them on the moistened substrate, respecting the dose and frequency indicated on the package.

Temperature

Located outside: Crassula Falcata can withstand cold and weak frost up to -2 ° C, but being outside they need to be protected against hail.

Located inside: as mentioned above, the Crassula Falcata supports frost up to -2ºC. As the plant is inside, there is no need to be careful with slush and frost, just do not locate the plant in places where it receives strong winds and thus prevent it from dying.

Plantation or transplant

The best time to transplant Crassula Falcata is in spring.

If the succulent plant is in a pot, it is important to change the pot every 2-3 years for a larger pot. If the plant is planted directly in the garden, transplantation is not necessary.

If in the garden area where I plant the succulent plant, it is left without enough space to grow or the substrate is scarce, if it is good to transplant it to an area where the Crassula Falcatacan grow better.

In general, each succulent leaf is capable of forming a new plant. That is why the best way to spread Crassula Falcata is by stem or leaf cuttings, and the best time to do so is in spring-summer.

Propagation of succulents by cuttings is extremely easy.

1.You must select the cuttings you want to plant. Cut the amount of leaf, according to the number of plants you want them to grow.

2. At the time of cutting the cuttings of the plant (the leaves of the stem) you must do it from a clean tiron or with a knife, making sure that there are no remains of the leaf on the stem.

3. Then let the rest of the cutting for 24 hours on a damp napkin before planting them.

4. After 24h, place the cuttings in a pot on top of a specific succulent substrate and then moisten the soil.

In about 10 days the cuttings will begin to emit roots.

You should water the cuttings with an atomizer and trying not to water the cuttings too much, to prevent the cuttings from rotting and locating the plant in semi-shade, the bone where it receives sunlight, but not directly.

After the aya grown plant, you can place it in full sun if you wish.


Watch the video: Fast growing succulent with propeller-like leaves with actual results