Description and characteristics of the Siberian early ripening tomato variety
Siberian early maturing is a determinant, early maturing and high-yielding variety tomatoes. It was bred in 1959 by crossing the variety "Hybrid 114" with "Hybrid 534/1". Although the variety is considered old, it remains a favorite for many gardeners. Consider the main characteristics and description of the Siberian early ripening.
Description and characteristics of the early variety Siberian early ripening
The early maturing Siberian tomato is an early maturing and undersized plant.
Description and characteristics:
- The harvest ripens 110 days from germination.
- The bush is undersized, grows up to 80 cm.
- Fruits are low-ribbed, round or flat-round, bright red in color, weighing up to 110 grams.
- The number of slots is from 5 to 12.
- Suitable for planting both outdoors and indoors.
- The variety is early maturing, grows ideally in any climatic conditions.
- High-yielding variety.
- Well transported.
Early ripening fruits are kept in closed boxes. Laying is done with the stalks up. Selected tomatoes must be clean and dry. Under these conditions, tomatoes retain their freshness for up to 2 months.
Tomato growing methods
Grow tomatoes Siberian early ripening possible in open and closed ground... For a high yield, healthy seedlings must be grown.
- To obtain strong seedlings and for the prevention of various diseases, the seeds must first be soaked for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rinsed and dried.
- To increase the productivity of the bush, the seeds are treated with a solution of "Ambion" or "Etin".
- The prepared seed is planted in a nutritious soil and covered with foil. Subject to the temperature regime, seedlings appear in a week.
- Young seedlings need warmth and watering (only after the top layer dries out).
- Watering is done from a spray bottle.
- When two or three true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into different pots.
- In order for the plant to grow stronger, it must be hardened. To do this, it is exposed to fresh air for 5-10 minutes.
There are two ways to plant seedlings:
- in open ground hardened seedlings are planted at the age of 2 months, in late May, early July (depending on the region of residence), in order to exclude the threat of spring frosts. Tomatoes are planted according to the scheme: the interval between the bushes is 60-70 cm and 30-40 cm between the furrows. After planting, the plant is spilled with warm, settled water. Inflorescences are formed after the appearance of six leaves;
- into closed ground seedlings are planted in mid-April. In greenhouse conditions, the bush grows up to 80 cm, and therefore all plants need support and a garter. The bush's garter provides uniform illumination and protection from plant breakage. A garter is made only under a branch with fruits. The optimum temperature for a good harvest is +22 - +24 degrees.
In the open field, the fruits grow larger and more juicy, but the yield is much lower than in the greenhouse.
Although the variety is not capricious, tomatoes are best grown in the place where legumes, cabbage and cucumbers used to grow.
When planting seedlings, to obtain a rich harvest, 10 grams of superphosphate must be added to each hole.
Fertilize the bushes 2-3 times per season, alternating mineral and organic feeding. From organics, for Siberian early ripening tomatoes, mullein, chicken droppings or green fertilizer are considered the best feeding.
To prevent burns, fertilizers are applied only after thorough watering of the plant.
During the growth of the tomato, regular watering is very important. warm and settled water, and during the ripening period, watering is reduced. Watering is best done in the evening or early in the morning.
Diseases and pests "early ripening"
Siberian early ripening tomato is resistant to various diseases and viruses. However, when growing tomatoes, there is a risk of encountering diseases such as:
- late blight... Treatment consists in treating plants with fungicides or 10% sodium chloride solution;
- sulfur rot... You can get rid of it with the help of fungicides and triazole preparations;
- fusarium and alternaria... It is treated with fungicides.
This tomato is ideal for pickling, preserving, making puree, juice, sauce, tomato paste, ketchup, salads and even preserves. Good taste.
In the 19th century, tomatoes were grown as a houseplant on a window. In England, they were on a par with greenhouse plants, and in France they served as decor for decorative pavilions.
The tomato contains the hormone of happiness - serotonin. According to scientists, one eaten tomato improves mood, and with daily use it reduces the risk of cancer.
Although the Siberian early ripening is considered old, it remains very reliable and in demand, as well as a favorite variety for most summer residents.
The variety has many advantages:
- gives a stable and rich harvest;
- earlier fruiting;
- the variety is resistant to infections and viruses;
- the fruits will not crack;
- well tolerates long-term transportation.
Veteran of domestic selection - the Siberian early ripening tomato, time-tested and loved by gardeners
The Siberian early ripening tomato saw the light at the end of the 50s of the last century thanks to the efforts of Soviet breeders. Since then, it has not lost its popularity among summer residents and farmers living in areas with an unfavorable climate. This cold-resistant crop quickly takes root in the soil after planting and gives consistently high yields regardless of growing conditions.
In the article we will reveal the secret of the popularity of the variety, talk about its advantages and disadvantages, the nuances of agricultural technology.
Tomato "Siberian early ripening" - variety description
A low-growing determinant variety with a bush height of up to sixty centimeters has medium-leafed or slightly leafy shoots, medium-sized green or dark green leaves, simple or intermediate type of inflorescence, flat-round or rounded red fruits.
When describing the variety, I would like to note that its fruits can weigh from sixty to one hundred and fourteen grams.... They have juicy, rather sour-tasting flesh..
Inflorescences begin to form on the sixth to eighth leaf and are further located through the leaf. Because of this, during fruiting, it seems that the bush is literally covered with tomatoes. However, only three to five fruits with a slightly ribbed surface are formed on one cluster.
Important characteristics of a tomato
It is useful to know all the characteristics of the variety. It is easier to choose the right place and planting scheme, calculate the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings, transplanting seedlings into the ground. It is easier to plan the amount of summer care and processing of the crop.
The bush of the Siberian early ripening tomato is low, of a determinant type. The height of plants growing in the garden is 40-50 cm, greenhouse plants are about 1 m. There are many leaves. They are medium in size and bright green. The inflorescences are simple, 3-5 ovaries are formed in each.
The fruit has a classic shape. They are round, slightly flattened, medium-sized. Above, in the area of the stalk, there is a slight ribbing.
Seed chambers - 5-12 pcs., Skin color - red. Weight of Siberian early ripening tomato - 70-120 g.
The pulp has an unremarkable taste, it is a little sour, its characteristics are:
- sugars - 2.5-3.3%
- dry matter - 4.3-5.9%.
For the taste, gardeners give the old variety a hard 4. The pulp has a pleasant tomato aroma. Fruits ripen on the bushes, removed green do not spoil, ripen in boxes. At the same time, their taste does not get worse.
Siberian early ripening tomatoes are well stored. They lie in a cool room for about 2 weeks. The fruits are not crumpled during transportation. The purpose of the variety is universal. Ripe tomatoes are used to prepare summer salads, snacks, and preparations for the winter. They are salted in jars, pickled.
A friendly return of the harvest is an important characteristic of the variety, which is appreciated by the gardeners of the Trans-Urals and Siberia. Growing the early maturing Siberian tomato, they already in July remove 9 kg from 1 m². The bushes do not strike with an abundance of fruits, like modern hybrids, but they do not disappoint. Half of the tomatoes are harvested in the first or second week of fruiting.
Phytophthora begins to rage in the garden when the Siberian early ripening tomato finishes fruiting. Gardeners harvest fruits before sharp fluctuations in daily temperatures begin. The variety has a stable immunity to pathogens of brown spot, tobacco mosaic virus.
I don’t remember how many years I have been growing this early-ripening tomato variety, but I know one thing for sure that the yield has never let me down. Every year I collect seeds from the previous batch and leave them for next year, and in the spring I plant them for seedlings. I have no greenhouses, so I have to do with one garden plot. Naturally, I plant tomatoes in open ground. At first, when the nights are cold, I cover the seedlings with a film so that they do not freeze, after a couple of weeks the sprouts no longer need a film shelter. It was hard on hot days, when the sun beats down mercilessly, and there are no clouds in the sky. But I found a way out, covering the seedlings with sheets, it was painfully boring to go constantly for burdocks. Yes, the first two weeks are not sweet, constant care and the need for protection is tiring, but then just water the tomatoes and harvest.
I bought a package of seeds for testing, to see if this plant will take root in our harsh climate or the description on the package deceives the consumer again. So, I planted the seeds, as expected, following the instructions, grew seedlings about 15 cm in height, decided it was time to transplant them into a greenhouse. There were no problems during this procedure. The next step was the formation and pinching of the bushes, which were also successful. The garter and timely care have borne long-awaited results. Siberian “early ripening” tomatoes were born wonderfully well, each fruit weighed almost 100 g. And outwardly, everything looks like a photo from the package, round, red and glossy. I have already stocked up with seed for next summer, now I will look forward to the new year.
Tomato variety Siberian early ripening today is grown only in amateur vegetable growing. Ripe tomatoes are consumed fresh, vegetable salads are prepared from them, stuffed with various fillings. When crushed, they can be a good alternative to tomato paste, used as an ingredient for cooking various dishes, for example, scrambled eggs with tomatoes or stews.
The versatility of the fruit can be appreciated by housewives who like to make various preparations for the winter. Siberian early ripening showed itself well in canning. It is salted in barrels, rolled up marinated in jars, and vegetable salads are made with it. It makes excellent tomato juice, excellent sauce. Caviar is prepared from green tomatoes, which will appeal to many lovers of vegetable snacks.
Features of growing varieties
Sowing seedlings is carried out depending on the region in March or early April. Before planting, it is always better to treat the seeds first for diseases, since the variety has an average resistance to some ailments. For this, as always, you can use a simple solution of manganese in water. Here the seeds should be held for about half an hour, then rinsed with warm water and dried on a napkin.
In order for the seeds to sprout better, after processing, they are placed in a nutrient. "Ambiol", "Epin", "Zircon" help very well. How to proceed is described on the packaging of each drug.
Sowing is carried out according to the lunar calendar in nutrient soil. You can immediately fill the peat pots with them, so that the seedlings do not subsequently dive. With the same pot, then you will plant the seedlings in open ground or in a greenhouse. You can buy ready-made soil or take sod land, mix 1: 1 with humus. Add a spoonful of ash here.
The seeds are sown, after which the container is covered with foil. Seedlings will appear in 7-10 days. Now they only need sun and watering as they dry out. Before transplanting, the seedlings are hardened in 2 weeks. You can do this by bringing it to the balcony or outside, or by opening the window. Turn the seedlings towards the light as they grow.
In open ground, seedlings should be transplanted in May or June. The temperature should already be more than 13-15 degrees at night. Saplings are planted 50 cm apart. You also need to take care of the supports, the bushes will be tied to them. The distance between the rows should be 35-50 cm.
A spoonful of superphosphate is placed in the hole before planting. Then the seedlings are placed, deeply deepening the stem. Now spill abundantly. Tomatoes are best shaped into three stems. As it dries, the soil is shed, loosened in the morning, you also need to monitor the weeds.
To get a rich harvest, you can add organic fertilizing 2-3 times per season. Tomatoes love mullein, chicken droppings. You can alternate feeding with mineral preparations. The first time after transfer to the open ground, fertilizers are applied no earlier than 2 weeks later, after every 14-18 days. But "Siberian early ripening" grows well on poor soils, so you should not worry too much about this.
With regard to diseases, it can be affected by late blight, rot, fusarium and alternaria. Fungicides, which are easy to find in stores, will help to cope with ailments.
In conclusion, we can say that this tomato is a good option for our regions. Time has already checked it.