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Escallonia - Plant, Cut, Maintain

Escallonia - Plant, Cut, Maintain


Escallonia, beautiful in the summer and beautiful the rest of the year!

Escallonia is a shrub native to South Africa. There are many varieties. They have one thing in common, a beautiful foliage, a beautiful habit both erect and drooping and a fairly long flowering. We will still distinguish two groups. There are the escallonias which form shrubs about 3 m in height and spreading. They will be perfect for hedges, you can mix varieties with different colors but with the same characteristics in the garden. And then there are the more compact varieties. They will be used in flower beds and why not, in pots, on the terrace.
In summer, it's the explosion of flowers. They are tubular, united in terminal inflorescences. Flowering lasts from June to September sometimes October. Escallonia has fairly bright green glossy and glazed foliage. These shrubs retain a beautiful decorative appearance throughout the year and are very resistant to spray and will integrate, without any restriction, seaside gardens, like others: Escalonia, for sure, is made for your garden. !

Botanical name:

• Escallonia spp

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent
• Hardiness: Hardy -12 ° C
• Family: Grossulariaceae, Grossulariaceae
• Harbor : erected and spread out
• Exhibition: Sun or partial shade
• Ground : Drained soil
• Sowing:
• Plantation: Spring and Autumn
• Cutting: End of summer
• Flowering: June to October
• Fruiting: no
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: From zone 8, see France hardiness map Quebec hardiness map
• Origin: South Africa.
• Honey plant: Yes
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous Plant:

Particularities:

• Rapid growth
• Very abundant flowering
• Aesthetic foliage
• Some varieties are very honeyed (Es. Rubra)

What advantages in the garden:

• Natural aesthetics.
• Very generous flowering.
• Ease of use in the garden
• Erect and drooping port

What exhibition for the Escallonia?

• Sun (partial shade possible)

What soil?

• Any drained soil, rather fertile

Method of multiplication?

• Cutting

When to cut escallonia?

• In late summer, late August and September

How to cut?

Cuttings are a good way to multiply the number of subjects in the garden, for example to lengthen a hedge or to rejuvenate in older shrubs. The escallonia cutting is easy to make, you just have to be patient before a final installation in the garden more or less a year later.

• Take stems that are sharp, that is, that are beginning to become woody: to make wood.
• Cut 15 cm segments.
• Remove the leaves at the base but keep 4 leaves at the top of the segments.
• Prepare a large cup, or several small cups filled with a mixture of peat and well-wet sand, to simplify your task afterwards, the individual buckets
• Place the segments by pushing them into the substrate in half.
• Add a freezer bag on top. (smothered cutting)
• Seal by placing a rubber band around the bucket.
• Occasionally check that the substrate is still wet.
• Aerate occasionally to prevent rotting.
• The cuttings will take root after a few weeks.
• When rooting is confirmed, you can open the bags,
• Then remove them definitively a few days later.

• In cold regions, it will be preferable to shelter them in a greenhouse or a frost-free shelter.
• In mild regions, place the buckets behind a wall.

• In the spring, the cuttings start again.
• Place them in a larger pot in a mixture of soil and sand.
• In autumn the escallonia cuttings will be ready to be replanted.

When to plant escallonia?

• In spring or fall.
• Favor spring in colder regions.

How to plant?

• Work the soil halfway up to a spade height depending on the size of the subject.
• Amend the sand soil to improve the drainage power.
• Place the plants delivered in containers or your cuttings.
• Space plants well according to the size of adult plants, up to 1 meter spacing for larger plants.
• Recap and tamp.
• Water generously.

Culture in pots?

• In a large pot (40 cm minimum),
• Add clay balls,
• Fill with a mixture of 2/3 potting soil and 1/3 sand.
• Place escallonia,
• Top up with the soil / sand mixture.
• Water generously

Interview :

• Prune escallonia at the end of winter.

Flowering of escallonias:

• From June to September-October

Varieties:

The biggest escallonia:

Escallonia bifida : with white flowers
Escallonia Yveyi : with white flowers also
Esc. Apple blossom : with pink flowers
Esc. Langleyensis : with Fuschia flowers

These four varieties are covered with flowers. the shrubs will reach up to 3 meters in height as spreading. They are among the ideal escallonias to use to create a flowering and aesthetic hedge all year round.

Compact escallonias:

Escallonia rubra Woodside
Escallonia Pride of Donard

These 2 varieties with fuschia flowering, do not exceed 1 m in height. They can easily be used in beds or in pots on the terrace or balcony. Watch out for temperatures, plants are more fragile in pots. In cold regions, it may be appropriate to place the pot in a shelter.

What to plant with?

• To plant between them, or for the smallest subjects, osmanthus, olearias,

Use :

ATa garden: In embankments, in rockery
• Without garden:
In large pot / Planter.

Photo by, under CC BY-SA 3.0 unported license - on wikipedia.org.
The final picture had been modified by Our website

Quick sheet:

summary

Item name

Escallonia, magnificent evergreen shrub with generous flowering

Description

Escallonia is a shrub native to South Africa. We will still distinguish two groups.

Author

Daniel from Our website

Editor's name

Jaime-jardiner.com - THE garden media partner of the Ouest-france.fr portal

Publisher logo


Gardener's advice

Azaleas and rhododendrons have one thing in common: they do not have large roots that explore the soil deeply. Their root system forms a clod which makes them easy to transplant (and to grow in pots) but also very sensitive to drought and excess water. It is therefore necessary to install these plants in soft, cool but well-drained soil. Also bring a mulch that will keep the soil cool and protect their roots.

It is said that “In non-acidic soil, grow rhododendrons and azaleas in a pit filled with heather and peat soil. "Apart from the fact that the responsible gardener will avoid using the latter material (whose overexploited deposits are exhausted), this operation does not prevent chlorosis. If the soil is calcareous ... the water is often too. If your soil is not acidic, these plants are not for your garden. Unless you grow them in pots and water them with rainwater.

Text: Michel BEAUVAIS
Text: Philippe FERRET
Text: Guylaine GOULFIER


2) How to cut succulents and cacti?

Succulents are very easy to cut, as you just need to take a piece of stem or leaf and replant it. The cutting process varies very little from one succulent variety to another.

For the cactus, these are the "snowshoes", segments or aerial roots that cut both horizontally and vertically. Concerning the “ball” cacti, you have the possibility to take the suckers which appear at their base or on their sides.

Once your cuttings are in hand, you have to prepare the ground. Be sure to choose a quality substrate and to prepare your cuttings well.


Make your sweet potato plants

Making your plants is an essential step in the cultivation of the sweet potato. It is practical, fun and easy to make your plants by cuttings. To do this, place a tuber in a glass jar and fill with water to about 1/4 the height of the tuber. The sweet potato will give shoots that you just need to remove and then transplant into pots filled with potting soil. A few weeks later you will have plants ready to join your organic vegetable garden.

Find out on this page why and how to make your sweet potato plants. I answer the following questions: Why do your plants? Where to find your plants? How many tubers to germinate? Which germination method to choose according to the expected yield? And, how to cut the branches obtained?

Sweet potato has emitted roots and twigs that can be cuttings


Escallonia - Plant, Cut, Maintain

Good evening,
I have been trying for two years to build an escallonia hedge in
from "home-made" boutûres.
I have 40m to cover, but I'm still far from reaching the end, no
not because of the lack of cuttings, but
only because of failed cuttings. I need
advice. please!

Planting period: end of August / beginning of September
A boutûre is 10/15 cm long, with a wooded part at the foot
(not green and soft), a bevel cut
at the foot and removal of several leaves.

Findings:
Cuttings with rooting hormones in a small pot of soil = 90%
loss, everything ended up drying out after a month.
Cuttings with nothing in the ground = 70% loss by drying
also
Cuttings with rooting hormones in the ground = 60% loss,
drying or rotting of the foot.

Is there a method to significantly improve the success rate
or is this plant really difficult
to sprout?

"Weapon35" wrote in the news post:
***@r23g2000prd.googlegroups.com.
Good evening,
I have been trying for two years to build an escallonia hedge in
from "home-made" boutûres.
I have 40m to cover, but I'm still far from reaching the end, no
not because of the lack of cuttings, but
only because of failed cuttings. I need
advice. please!

Planting period: end of August / beginning of September
A boutûre is 10/15 cm in length, with a wooded part at the foot
(not green and soft), a bevel cut
at the foot and removal of several leaves.

Findings:
Cuttings with rooting hormones in a small pot of soil = 90%
loss, everything ended up drying out after a month.
Cuttings with nothing in the ground = 70% loss by drying
also
Cuttings with rooting hormones in the ground = 60% loss,
drying or rotting of the foot.

Is there a method to significantly improve the success rate
or is this plant really difficult
to sprout?

Personally I make the cuttings of escallonia in November in full
earth and without special precautions, result 90% success, the
development of this plant is exceptional this year, the cuttings
2 years old are about 60 cm


How to prune a yucca?

If your yucca grows too large in your living room, it is possible to prune it at the end of winter (from February).

If you don't want the branch to grow back, cut at the base of it. You will then need to apply a layer of paraffin to protect the wound.

If you only want to do a light pruning, be sure to keep 3 to 5 leaves on each branch.

The yucca cuttings is possible, it should be done in the spring. There are two methods:

  1. Cuttings by division of suckers: take a 15 to 25 cm sucker with at least 4 leaves and plant it deep enough in a mixture of soil and sand.
  2. The cuttings of sections: you can also cut pieces of trunks. Take pieces of 12 to 15 cm in the upper part or at the level of a branching yucca. Plant directly in a draining soil. Be sure to plant your sections by placing them upside down.

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