5 fruit tree hybrids that are even tastier than their "parents"
Some hybrids of well-known crops have long been grown in Russian gardens, mainly in the southern regions. These plants quickly gained popularity for their valuable properties.
Another name is hybrid cherry plum. It is a hybrid of wild-growing cherry plum and Chinese plum. The advantages of planting Russian plum at their summer cottage:
- drought resistance;
- high resistance to pests;
- delicate taste of berries;
- fast growth;
- unpretentiousness to the place.
Russian plum can be yellow, amber, dark purple or light green. It is varied in taste, sometimes honey notes are found in sweet-sour and sweet fruits. It is recommended to grow the hybrid in a bush form. In this case, experts guarantee winter hardiness to the plant.
A hybrid of black currant and two types of gooseberries. Created half a century ago and already widespread among western gardeners. Yoshta grows in large tall bushes. Shoots do not have thorns, which is very convenient when harvesting.
The plant blooms quite beautifully, but its main advantage is smooth and rounded fruits with a purple peel. Their taste is sweet and sour with a subtle hint of nutmeg.
It is not difficult to care for a hybrid: in a drought, the bushes need to be watered, organic matter is introduced at the beginning of the season, and later - potash fertilizer.The plant has a weak resistance to frost, so it is placed in an area closed from cold winds. The composition of the soil can be anything. Yoshta begins to bear fruit 3 years after planting. It gives a good harvest: about 7 kg of tasty and ripe berries from a bush. Some specimens live up to 30 years.
This hybrid was created back in the 19th century on the basis of plum and peach. In 1921, a similar variety appeared in Russia, which was named Peach Michurina. It is quite resistant to cold weather and is usually grown in gardens in the middle zone.The tree grows 4 m in height and has a round, dense crown. Leaves are slightly pubescent. The fruit weighs up to 70 g, has a slightly flattened shape and a yellowish-pink peel. The skin is covered over the entire surface with many dots.
One of the features of this hybrid is the waxy bloom on the fruit.
The pulp of plums is golden with a sweet and sour taste and a pronounced aroma. It is quite dense, which makes the fruit transportable. Usually all the berries ripen at the same time and hardly crumble.
The ancient Asian culture of Nashi belongs to the pink family. The plant has the properties of an apple and a pear. Its hybrids are often grown in Russian gardens.The main advantages of Nashi:
- beautiful bloom;
- compact form;
- frost resistance;
- unique fruit taste;
The fruits are more like apples. They can be bronze, light green, or golden. Small specks are barely visible on the skin. Nashi's flesh is juicy, light cream in color, crispy and sweet in taste. It remains firm throughout the storage period.
A hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry is commonly referred to as a duke. Half a century ago, there were very few such plants. The problem is that cherries and cherries have different numbers of chromosomes, so the breeders' dukes are often infertile. This crop is generally closer to cherry, although its leaves and large fruits are more like cherries.
The tree prefers non-acidic soils with good drainage. For planting dukes, a high illuminated area is always chosen.
To obtain a bountiful harvest, a pollinator must be placed next to the seedlings. For this purpose, cherries of the Iput variety are preferable. Duke does not need watering. They feed him very sparingly, otherwise fruiting will decrease.
A hybrid is a new species, a variety of vegetables, trees and shrubs, obtained by genetic crossing, pollination of various forms of plants. Scientists and amateur breeders carry out research, experiments and get quite exotic plants, such as, for example, a tomato that smells of lemon (lemato), an apple that tastes like grapes (grape), and so on.
For a long time, in many regions where apricots and plums grew in the wild, people tried to develop a new species that would have the best qualities of "parents". At the end of the 19th century, the American geneticist Luther Burbank managed to get a plant, which he named plumkot. The new species contained 50% of the properties of plum and 50% of apricot. But consumers did not appreciate the success achieved by scientists, the plant did not become widespread.
However, in the future, breeder Floyd Seiger, employees of the California nursery Dave Wilson Nursery (in 1989) bred new hybrid varieties, for which not only plums and apricots were used, but also previously obtained hybrids. As a result, consumers now have the opportunity to taste new fruit flavors:
- pluota, 75% from plum and 25% from apricot
- plumkot, cross hybrid derived from apricot and hybrid plum
- apricot, 25% plum and 75% apricot.
Hybrids have both positive and negative properties, but they still have more advantages. Among the advantages of growing hybrid plants are the following:
- fruits grown on one plant have approximately the same shape
- a fairly large mass, up to 150-170 gr.
- high yield
- high resistance to insect pests, various diseases
- self-pollination, no need for planting a number of special pollinators
- unusual taste.
When purchasing seedlings of hybrids, it should be borne in mind that they may also have negative qualities. In addition, cultivation of hybrid trees, obtaining new seedlings from seeds collected from the fruit tree is impossible.
In European countries, tree crops are combined into a single genus Prunus, in which separate subgenera are distinguished: cherry, plum, cherry, apricot. It is to this genus that the interspecific pluot plum, a hybrid of plum and apricot, belongs. Russian gardeners often call it slibricot or black apricot. Currently, a little more than 10 varieties of pluot have already been bred in the world, but it is still considered a rarity, and is not often found in the gardens of our compatriots.
Delicious tomatoes: varieties, hybrids, subtleties of agricultural technology
I have a passion for tomatoes from my parents. In the summer, we did not transfer fresh tomatoes from July to November, and we ate the preparations from them until the new harvest. I no longer remember the names of those varieties that we grew then, they all seemed delicious to me.
But that all changed when the parents built a large glass greenhouse.
The Pink Giant variety was one of the first to "settle" there - an old gardener shared his seeds with us. After the appearance of this variety, my idea of the taste of tomatoes has changed dramatically: I will never forget the fleshy, in small grains on the break, unusually tasty pulp of pink fruits.
The harvest was enough for everyone, and the surplus was successfully sold on the market. Unfortunately, over time, the variety degenerated, the fruits began to shrink and set worse, the overall yield fell. All attempts to acquire this variety have failed, it was all some kind of "other" Pink Giants.
Time passed, I got my own family, the garden boom of the 80s and early 90s began to decline. An abundance of vegetables and fruits from all over the world appeared on the shelves at any time of the year. For several years I was far from gardening business, but as soon as the opportunity arose to plant my own garden and vegetable garden, I got down to it. I was surprised by the abundance of seeds, there was no such thing before - this was just a "hybrid" avalanche - dozens of domestic and foreign varieties.
I bought several of the most popular varieties and sowed them for seedlings. In the first year, I decided not to build a greenhouse, made a film tunnel on arcs, planted seedlings, then the usual chores went on - watering, weeding, feeding. My tomatoes began to pour in, at the beginning of July we were already able to taste the first fruits.
The joy from the first harvest, of course, was great, after all, their vegetables, not purchased. But bad luck, I praised the harvest from my garden so much to the children that they expected it as something extraordinary. Who does not remember the joy of the first, fragrant, unusually tasty tomatoes and cucumbers ?! The children concluded - very tasty - "like from a store." Yes. I myself felt: something is wrong, these tomatoes are not like those that I ate as a child. The harvest turned out to be good, and they salted and marinated, and there was enough for lecho with ketchup.
First of all, I decided that the whole problem was due to hybrids, and in the absence of a greenhouse. It didn't work out with the greenhouse the next year, but I bought the seeds only without the letter F on the bags. I chose old varieties according to books. I planted it, as before, the harvest was again good, but the taste of the tomatoes was no better, and in some varieties it turned out to be watery, too sour. Yes, and the large admixture of other varieties was depressing.
What varieties and hybrids I have not tried later - either the taste is not the same, then the harvest is not very good. Of course, your own tomatoes in preparations and salads were much better than the cheap southern ones brought in in August, but the memory still had the memory of the unusually tasty, fleshy "children's" tomatoes.
By that time, gardening became more and more expensive - film, fertilizers, seeds have risen significantly. And there are a lot of various blanks on the shelves for every taste and wallet. I even began to think about ending my tomato career, because good greenhouse was very expensive - how many vegetables on the market can you buy with this money?
And then one day they gave me the address of the Moscow region breeder Lyubov Anatolyevna Myazina, we got in touch with her, she sent me several varieties and hybrids of tomatoes their selection. I decided - I'll try it one last time. I remembered the Pink Giant, read about the benefits of pink-fruited tomatoes, and I was very glad that some of the varieties promised me fruits with a pink color. Only one thing upset me: several varieties were intended for cultivation in a greenhouse, but I did not have one. And yet I decided - I will plant them as usual, and I gave some of the seeds to my parents.
Growing seedlings, leaving - everything was as usual, the ripening period was the end of June - the beginning of July. I always have tomatoes in the open field earlier than my neighbors. And here's the first harvest! As a rule, early ripening varieties are inferior to later varieties in taste and overall yield. The fruits of the new varieties were fleshy, large, by all indications of a medium ripening period, but, to my amazement, they began to ripen at the same time, and some even earlier than my earlier varieties.
But most importantly, they had great taste. And this despite the fact that some of them were first generation hybrids. For all my skepticism about hybrids, the fruits of these plants were no worse. The taste, aroma and appearance were excellent.
From the early tomatoes, I really liked the Superprize hybrid. The first harvest began to ripen by June 20, moreover, the fruits were weighing 150 grams or more. Their first inflorescence is already laid above the 5th leaf, in one cluster there are 7 fruits. Bushes do not require a garter. My friend also grew this hybrid in the country, and, unlike me, she did not cover the plants and did not remove the stepsons. She got the harvest later, and the fruits were smaller, but she really liked the result: with minimal care from one low-growing bush 50 cm high, she harvested 3 kilograms of magnificent tomatoes.
At about the same time, Katrina F1 and Important person F1 ripen, the bush of these plants is slightly higher, due to which, it seems to me, one more brush is formed, and, therefore, the yield as a whole is slightly higher.
And if the first two tomatoes have smooth fruits, then in the F1 Biggie they are very nicely divided into segments by veins. And for early ripening tomatoes, they have an unusually good taste.
After 7-10 days, tall varieties began to bear fruit. I grew them in the open field, tied them to high pegs. Naturally, from the middle of June it was no longer possible to cover them with foil, because the arches were designed for a height of 70-80 cm. They began to bear fruit by July 10. It was then that I remembered the forgotten taste of "children's" tomatoes. The Extremal variety presented with large, 200-250 grams of red, fleshy, dense fruits. Everyone was delighted. The taste was great. And this is on a tomato in the open field.
I would especially like to mention the pink-fruited Kudesnik variety. Its fruits ripen a little later, the bush is not very high, up to one meter. Fruits of uniform pink color, not very large, excellent taste with a high sugar content, they are also good for canning. The massive harvest falls on the harvesting period.
But to be honest, it is even a pity to pour vinegar on fruits with such a fresh taste. Both varieties did not quite have time to fully harvest until August, but the removed fruits are well ripened, stored for a long time. The next year, when grown in a greenhouse, both varieties showed an even better yield, but in the open field, 4-5 kg of tomatoes can be removed from each bush.
I tried several other new rosovarny varieties of Russian selection, I also liked Andromeda Rozovaya and Novichok Rozovaya - these are improved, more delicious versions of the varieties of the same name. Now I can say with confidence that in the Northwest, even without a greenhouse, you can get fruits with a great taste, no worse than the vaunted southern tomatoes. You cannot buy such tomatoes anywhere, they cannot be compared with imported ones in the markets or with those grown in industrial greenhouses.
And, finally, about agricultural technology.
I sow seeds for seedlings at the very end of March, soak them with plain water. Our windows face south, the seedlings grow well, I don't do any backlighting. I do not expect the end of the frost, I plant the seedlings in open ground on May 10. Before that, two days before planting, I cover the arcs with a film, so I plant the seedlings in a heated soil. The first three days I do not remove the film, even on hot days, otherwise the plants will wither. I do not advise waiting for the tomatoes to bloom already at home.
Yes, you will harvest the first crop earlier, but the next harvest will take a long time. Plants during transplantation experience severe stress and try to preserve only blooming ovaries in order to leave offspring, and therefore do not lay the next brushes for a long time. Frosts are not terrible for covered plants, and the harvest with early planting turns out to be faster and much larger. I feed tomatoes with liquid fertilizers 2-3 times per season. From diseases I do not process them, I think that there is no great benefit from this, and unnecessary chemicals in food are useless.
I want to share one more "secret": on clay soils, according to my observations, tomatoes are tastier, probably due to the greater amount of trace elements in the soil. Now, when planting, I put a lump of clay under each bush.
Evgeny Petrov, summer resident, Staraya Russa
Photo by the author
Features of Cerapadus and Padocerus
Stubborn continuation of breeding work contributed to obtaining the first hybrid variety Cerapadus sweet (hybrid with Ideal cherries). The maternal qualities of the fruits were transferred to the new varietal hybrid: sweet sugary fruits, decorative appearance - black, shiny large. A powerful root system with high resistance to winter frosts has been inherited from the bird / Maak cherry.
Cerapadus has become an excellent stock for thermophilic cherries and sweet cherries. The culture acquired a high frost resistance and was promoted to colder regions outside central Russia. The external characteristics of the breed have also changed: the crown of the cerapadus has become thick due to good foliage, a round, tightly compressed shape.
Created on the basis of the first hybrids of cerapadus, cultivars (varieties) have high winter hardiness, disease resistance (coccomycosis, which is especially widespread among cherries), large-fruited, and high yields. Later, varieties of cherry-bird cherry were obtained, forming a racemose inflorescence, and not 1-2 fruit. All cultivars and hybrids of Cerapadus and Padoceruses in the state register are included in the "Cherries" section.
Variety created Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Tatiana Kirillovna Poplavskaya... Fanatically devoted to science, in the 70s of the XX century she was actively engaged in the search and restoration of the lost Michurin rowan varieties.
The bead is one of the first varieties that do not have a tinge of astringency. It is a product of free pollination of Nevezhinskaya mountain ash.
Characteristics and description of the variety:
- A plant of moderate growth, 3 meters high. Shoots are gray-brown, straight. Begins to bear fruit, according to various sources, at 3 or 5 years of age.
- Leaves are light green, serrated.
- The inflorescences are large, with white flowers.
- Fruits are regular, rounded, with a red skin, weighing 1.2-1.9 grams. The pulp is creamy, with a hint of cranberry flavor, but no strong acid. The appointment is universal. Ripen early, by the end of August.
Particularly valuable qualities of the variety - high resistance to extreme frosts, drought, diseases. The yield is high.
The rowan variety Businka has no astringency, is highly resistant to extreme frosts, drought, diseases
|The chemical composition of the fruit|
|Vitamin C||67 mg / 100 g|
|Carotene||9 mg / 100 g|
Types of cucumbers by region of origin
Since cucumber is one of the most widespread plants in the world, there are a great many types of it. They are often named for the region in which they were grown.
- Dutch... Cucumbers are narrow and elongated, almost 30 cm long, usually grown in a greenhouse. Fruits with a thin skin receive maximum nutrients, but quickly lose moisture. Therefore, for long-term storage, they are packed in moisture-proof cellophane bags.
- Beit Alpha... This species was bred specifically for hot climates and high temperatures. They are smaller in size than the Dutch ones, reaching a length of 10-15 cm. And the taste and crunchy structure of these cucumbers will not leave anyone indifferent. They require increased protection against dehydration and pests.
- Asian cucumbers... The most exotic of the types of cucumbers we have reviewed. Usually fruits of this type are thin and prickly with a specific taste.
Asian cucumbers have an unusual appearance
What shirt was your cucumber "born" in?
Cucumbers differ among themselves not only in purpose, type of pollination and other parameters, but also in the "pattern" of the peel.
We are talking about the number and size of tubercles and thorns, which make it possible to classify a cucumber as one type or another. Several basic "shirts" or designs are known.
- "German shirt"... Cucumbers of this type have small tubercles, which are located close to each other. Spines dot not only the tubercles, but also the space between them, so the greens seem fluffy and even "prickly". Fruits no more than 12 cm long, have short longitudinal stripes. This type is considered ideal for pickling - through the micro-holes, the brine penetrates into the fruit quickly and evenly.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers in the "German shirt": Lukhovitsky F1, Accordion player F1, Gerasim F1, Baby Anyutka F1, Uncle Fedor F1, Mademoiselle F1, Zest F1, Libella F1.
Cucumbers in a "german shirt" are best for pickling
- "Dutch shirt"... Fruits "born in a Dutch shirt" are cylindrical in shape and larger than "German" ones. The tubercles on them are rounded and slightly smaller than in the previous species. Spines are located only on tubercles. Also, the "Dutch" are distinguished by bouquet fruiting (up to 10 or more ovaries are formed in the leaf axil). These cucumbers are great for pickling, especially if picked small, 5-7 cm long.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers in the "Dutch shirt": Lilliput F1, Schedrik F1, Red mullet F1, Bobrik F1.
Many fruits are harvested from one Dutch bush
- "Russian (Slavic, oriental) shirt "... Zelentsy are small, with large and sparse tubercles, dense pulp and small black or brown spines located only on the tubercles. Their length is 9-13 cm. Slavic cucumbers are ideal for pickling, canning, pickling, and also for salads. The brine slowly penetrates into the fruit, so the cucumbers are crispy and tasty.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers in the "Russian shirt": Goosebump F1, Pososhok F1, Khutorok F1, Cellar F1, Graceful F1, Competitor F1, Alyonushka F1, Princess F1, Jin F1, Polina F1.
Cucumbers in the "Russian shirt" usually grow in hotbeds and greenhouses
- "Asian shirt"... Smooth elongated cucumbers with no tubercles and thorns. Fruit color - dark green, length 11-15 cm. Cucumbers of this type are consumed fresh and added to salads. They are very delicate in taste, but can sometimes be bitter.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers in the "Asian shirt": Flare F1, Fruity F1.
The Asian shirt is a very popular variety of cucumbers in Europe.
- Sometimes cucumbers are isolated in "Korean-Japaneseshirt "... Fruits are pale green in color with sparse tubercles. Their length does not exceed 20 cm. Zelentsy are crispy and juicy, suitable for fresh consumption and preparation of salads. They are also resistant to fungal and bacterial diseases.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers in the "Korean-Japanese shirt": F1 Bride, F1 Blond.
The fruits of the Korean-Japanese cucumber are strong and healthy
Plum Apricot: variety description
Diploid early-fruiting plum Apricot is prized for its delicious and aromatic fruits. They are very sweet and juicy.
Adult tree height
Apricot plum reaches a height of 2.5 meters, so the fruits can be picked from a stepladder. The shape of the crown is rounded-spreading or fan-shaped. Shoots are red-brown, slightly pubescent. The kidneys are small. The average light green foliage has an elongated obovate shape, along the edge of the leaf, serration is clearly visible.
Leaves are smooth, wavy, sitting on small petioles. White flowers are collected in a three-flowered inflorescence.
Flowering and ripening period
In April, the bouquet twigs are completely covered with snow-white flowers. Fruit ripening is amicable, up to 50 kg of plums can be harvested from one fruiting tree in 10 days. The ripening period is in August.
Fruits are oval, oblong, slightly velvety skin is yellow-orange in color. Wax bloom is barely visible on plums. The pulp is characterized by high taste and juiciness.
The fruit tree can withstand mild drought, but during the setting and ripening of the fruit, it needs abundant watering.
Frost resistance is an important characteristic of the Apricot plum variety. The tree easily tolerates frosty winters even at a time when the thermometer drops below -30ºC. But the variety does not like long thaws.
Bird cherry or cherry? Maaka in the Khabarovsk garden
Nature did not give us the opportunity to use David's maple, bamboos, eucalyptus and other exotic things in our gardens, but the orange peeling bark of a marsh color with grooves belonging to the Maak bird cherry takes revenge for everything that we did not receive.
Maak's bird cherry is not at all like the Siberian bird cherry we are used to. It is named after Richard Karlovich Maak, a Russian naturalist who explored the valleys of the Amur and Ussuri rivers in 1855-1859. It grows in the Russian Far East, as well as in China and Korea.
An amazing bird cherry up to 15-17 m high can be found in the valleys of forest mountain rivers and streams, often near stony placers and rocks.
You will not pass by. A dense crown, which often takes the form of an egg, a slender trunk up to 40 cm in diameter, straight yellow shoots, light emerald glossy leaves - everything is original in it. But the most striking is the bark: brown-red or golden-brown, sometimes almost bronze, shiny, "shaggy", flaky across thin films. “A beauty in rags,” they jokingly say about Maak's bird cherry.
In late spring, it blooms with small white flowers, collected in small clusters. At this time, the incessant hum of bees stands in its crowns, and the hives in the nearest apiaries noticeably grow heavier from fragrant and tasty honey. This bird cherry is one of the best honey plants in the Far East.
At the end of July, small fruits ripen - drupes. Black-purple on the outside, with a strongly colored pulp, they are bitter and inedible to humans. But bears willingly feast on them, which is why the Far East called it bird cherry “bear”. Not indifferent to the bird cherry Maak and birds.
This interesting tree could not escape the attention of I.V. Michurin. Having crossed the Maak bird cherry with the Ideal cherry and with the steppe cherry, he received several hybrids, which he called cerapadus, that is, cherry turtles.
Bird cherry Maak is very winter-hardy, without shelter it tolerates temperatures up to -40 ° C. Little susceptible to attack by pests.
It is not very demanding on the quality and fertility of the soil, but it grows better on fresh, sufficiently moist medium sandy loam.
Easily tolerates both temporary flooding and drought. Usually only young plants are watered in the first year after planting, then they are watered only in very dry summers.
The trees are able to withstand heavy shade, but thrive best in an open, sunny location. It is recommended to place them along the border of the garden or along the house.
Crown formation is reduced to pruning vigorous shoots and removing excess growth. Maak bird cherry tolerates transplanting, mowing and asphalt pavement well.
The best planting time is April or October. It grows quickly, easily, propagates by seeds.
Maak bird cherry was introduced into the culture in 1870, and now it can often be found in green spaces not only in Far Eastern cities, but also in the European part of the country.
In landscape design, the Maak bird cherry is best of all in the form of a multi-stem tree, when the effect of the bright bark is multiplied many times over. In the pre-winter and early spring, as well as in the long winter months, the Maaka bird cherry simply glows with a soft honey light, reminiscent of the elegant colors of amber.
The Maak bird cherry makes excellent tapeworms. It is also often used in orchards and in corner compositions, where bird cherry acts as a background for everything else.
The veil of cream flowers in spring goes well with mountain ash, maple and volzhanki of all stripes. But in the fall, the Maak bird cherry does not shine with an interesting autumn color, moreover, the leaves fly around very quickly in order to present the main advantage of this tree to the whole world - its beautiful bark.
In spring and summer, tall herbaceous perennials and grasses can rise near the bird cherry. The main thing is that the trunk is as open as possible by winter.
The Maak bird cherry goes well with a variety of trees and willows that have a colored bark.
Soft wood with a beautiful texture is easy to cut, well processed. Beautiful color, large size of Maak cherry tree trunks gives reason to recommend it as a material for finishing works and for making furniture.
Cerapaduses are hybrids between cherry and Maak bird cherry. Their name consists of the Latin names for cherry (Cerasus) and bird cherry (Padus). These plants are obtained by pollinating cherry flowers with bird cherry pollen. If, on the contrary, cherry pollen was used to pollinate the flowers of bird cherry, then the hybrids are called "padoceruses".
In terms of the structure of the tree and inflorescences, cerapadus is a tree with a powerful root system, which in appearance resembles bird cherry more than cherry, while its fruits themselves are more like medium-sized cherries, but collected in a bunch of 3-6 pieces. The taste of these fruits depends quite strongly on the variety; they can be both tart almost to the point of inedible, and quite pleasant, sweet and sour.
From bird cherry, cerapaduses inherited high winter hardiness and resistance to many diseases, including coccomycosis.
Cerapadus and Padocerus varieties with good fruit taste are most often referred to as common cherry varieties, such as Long-awaited and Novella (cerapadus) or Almaz, Firebird, Corona and Oksamit (padocereuses).
Cerapadus varieties VP-1, OVP-2, ORP-3 and Rubin are used as rootstocks for cherries, and VTs-13 and LC-51 are used for cherries.
Cerapaduses combine the best qualities of their "parents".
Expert commentary: Nikolay GLAZ, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Cherry cherries and their selection are handled by Vladimir Simagin and Anna Lokteva from Novosibirsk It was Simagin who discovered that our bird cherry Maaka is actually not a bird cherry, but a cherry.
This discovery made it possible for breeders to obtain cherry varieties that are resistant to a number of diseases dangerous to cherries, in addition, they have become more winter-hardy. In Bryansk, Maina Kanshina received a number of such varieties. The varieties of the Oryol selection also have the "blood" of the Poppy cherry.
In our conditions, no one has studied these plants, in Chelyabinsk Pitelin and the scientific and production association "Sady Rossii" are engaged in such work.
I brought a collection of cuttings and grafted in 2013 on various rootstocks, a positive compatibility result was obtained only on cherries, which we call steppe, but at the very share it is not a steppe cherry (I am familiar with it), but most likely Michurin hybrids of garden cherries , not very suitable for fresh consumption (bitter). But compotes from this berry are very tasty.
Such cherries often freeze slightly, but grow well from the root. In places of traditional cherry culture, this property is part of agricultural technology, and in nursery the method is often applied not by grafting, but by reproduction by rooting of green and lignified cuttings. For our conditions, own-rooted material will also be preferable, it can be obtained by dividing the bush and layering and root shoots.
In the Far East, Vera Tsarenko is engaged in cherry selection - Vladivostok, VIR station. She has the entire collection of Far Eastern cherries, we have 6 types of them. Sakhalin and Kamchatka types of cherries are very decorative; their stalks are long, like those of domestic cherries, only the fruits are small and bitter. The distribution of these species is restrained by low winter hardiness, although several trees grow in the garden of the DalNIISH (on Krasnodarskaya street).
Maak cherry - winter-hardy, used in landscaping, the fruits are inedible, but they are very fond of white-breasted bears. Before leaving for the winter, they break off their crowns by folding whole nests of broken off branches in the forks of skeletal branches. Hunters assume that the bears on the Maak cherry even fatten up on it, because they feed on it for a long time, the excrement consists of only cherry pits, and the fatness of the animal at this time is maximum.
Felt cherry is most familiar to our gardeners, but lately there is no good planting material, many seedlings on the market are passed off as varietal material, which has greatly spoiled the reputation of the “local” felt cherry.
Modern varieties of Tsarenko are very large-fruited and worthy. These are Alice, Princess, Oceanic and a number of others. The remarkable large-fruited variety G. Kazmina Leto has not lost its significance either. The old Domanka variety is very much appreciated by gardeners, but the planting material of these varieties should be purchased only from reliable producers, so many nursery growers seriously believe that replanting produces quite valuable planting material, which is fundamentally wrong.
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