Dieffenbachia is a well-known houseplant from the Aroid family. In nature, it can be found in the South American jungle. In their homeland, as well as in the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean, some species can grow so much that they turn into weeds. In home floriculture, this plant has been known for more than a century and a half. The flower got its name in honor of the gardener and botanist Dieffenbach, who was engaged in the Vienna Botanical Garden.
The attractiveness of Dieffenbachia lies in its large leafy plates of variegated color. They keep on thick stems with fast growth rates. Due to its rather impressive size, dieffenbachia is usually kept in spacious rooms, as well as in greenhouses or on warm balconies. Growing dieffenbachia is not difficult, the flower is unpretentious and reacts sharply only to strong waterlogging.
Usually the growing point of this type of plant is at the top. As Dieffenbachia develops, it releases fresh leaf blades, discarding old ones and moving upward. Thus, over time, its trunk begins to bare, and instead of a green bush, the plant begins to resemble a small palm tree. Although in the natural environment dieffenbachia stems can stretch for several meters, they are not particularly strong.
From time to time, overgrown stems begin to break off under the weight of the foliage or due to external changes. You can strengthen them with supports, but this feature of the plant is usually used for its reproduction. Parts of the broken off stem, as well as the top, can be rooted, getting new copies of the flower. Some varieties of dieffenbachia can form shoots not only on the top, therefore, after breaking off the main trunk, they sometimes begin to bush.
During the annual flowering, Dieffenbachia forms a white inflorescence-cob, wrapped in a greenish blanket. At home, this rarely happens, but with proper care for dieffenbachia, it is still possible to achieve flowering. Fruits in the place of such an inflorescence are tied only after artificial pollination, but the process of forming an ovary in dieffenbachia takes a lot of energy, and its trunk begins to bare faster, therefore, it is advised to remove fading ears immediately.
Dieffenbachia juice released when the green part of the plant is damaged is considered poisonous. Its contact with the mucous membrane can lead to burns, so the plant should not be kept in the reach of children or pets. If a nuisance still occurs, you should rinse off the juice with a strong stream of water as soon as possible, without wiping it off your palm: in addition to poisonous substances, it contains microscopic sharp crystals that enhance unpleasant sensations. All work with the flower should be carried out with gloves, and after all manipulations, wash your hands thoroughly.
At the same time, due to the large size of its leaves, dieffenbachia is able to cleanse the air in the room from toxic substances, for example, from benzene, xylene and other harmful substances. If you live near factories or highways, then be sure to get a Dieffenbachia and you will not regret your choice.
Dieffenbachia care at home
In order for dieffenbachia to feel as good at home as in its native tropics, it needs proper care, a well-lit and bright place, as well as the absence of cold drafts.
A bright corner is suitable for dieffenbachia, but the pot with the plant should be protected from direct rays, so in summer bright open rooms or south-facing balconies will not work for it. But with a lack of light, the bush begins to quickly stretch, and its stem begins to thin out. As a result, you can get an overly fragile plant with a small number of leaves at the top. In addition, in the shade, its painted foliage can lose its variegated color. Such varieties and species are considered more photophilous.
If dieffenbachia has become too large and no longer fits on the windowsill, you can understand whether the plant has enough light by looking at the position of its stem. If it is located straight, the lighting is optimally matched. At the same time, it is recommended to turn the bush on the other side to the light every month so that the foliage on it develops more evenly. A slight slope will indicate that the dieffenbachia should be moved closer to the window or use additional lighting.
The optimum temperature for the development of dieffenbachia is from +17 degrees and above. Airing a room with a flower is possible only in warm weather. The influx of cold air can harm him.
In the summer, you can take out the pots of plants to the air: in the garden or on the balcony. You just need to choose a place for them with a lacy shade, reliably protected from strong winds.
Despite the large size of the leaves that evaporate moisture, the dieffenbachia root system is relatively small. During the growing season, watering should be abundant, but in winter, they are significantly reduced. Waterlogging can be dangerous for a flower, therefore, even in summer, the soil is moistened, waiting for it to dry at least a few centimeters. Checking can be done with your finger or special meters. In winter, you can wait for most of the soil in the pot to dry out.
Dieffenbachia can only be watered with soft water - excessive hardness can lead to salinization of the soil and browning of the leaf edges.
For the dieffenbachia plant, high humidity is preferable, imitating the climate of its natural habitats. In dry air conditions, foliage should be sprayed more often with ordinary settled water, it is especially important to do this in winter, when heating devices are working. Dieffenbachia usually signals a lack of moisture by drying out the edges of the foliage.
In addition to spraying, dieffenbachia leaves must be periodically wiped to remove accumulated dirt and dust from them.
For proper growth, dieffenbachia is recommended to be planted in an earthen mixture specially prepared for it. For her, they usually take 4 parts of turf, adding sand, peat and leafy earth to them. You can also mix a little charcoal or small brick debris with them. A good drainage layer is imperative.
During the period of active development, the dieffenbachia flower needs frequent fertilization. Usually, feeding is carried out twice a month, using complex formulations, but the introduction of nitrogen-rich organic matter is also permissible.
From the beginning of autumn to the beginning of spring, when daylight hours begin to decrease, Dieffenbachia rests and grows much more slowly. It is not recommended to feed it during this period.
Young dieffenbachia plants are transplanted about once every 4 years, when the previous pot becomes too cramped for them. Large adult specimens, which become difficult to remove from the container without difficulty and damage formation, are not touched, simply replacing the top layer of soil in their pots every couple of years.
If dieffenbachia needs to be transplanted, spring is considered the best time for such a procedure. The soil for transplanting should be prepared in advance. You can use soil for plants with decorative leaves or mix sand, peat and leafy soil with humus. The planting container should be larger than the previous one in size.
The bush is carefully pulled out of the old pot. Before transplanting, you must carefully examine its roots. If rotten ones are found among them, they are carefully removed along with the adjacent soil. The sections are sprinkled with charcoal powder, and then slightly dried. After such procedures, the plant can be transplanted. A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the new pot and sprinkled with a small amount of soil. A bush is placed on top, and fresh soil is poured on the sides, slightly compacting it. At the same time, the soil should not be wet, but only slightly damp - otherwise, damaged roots may begin to rot. Watering the transplanted dieffenbachia, you can add root formation stimulants to the water.
DIFFENBACHIA. My experience.
Dieffenbachia has the ability to bloom, but it is better to break off the inflorescences if you do not want to lose the ornamental bush over time. The flowering process leads to the fact that the plant stops growing, and spends all its energy on inflorescences, and not on leaves. Old leaves can die and fall off, and new leaves will not grow, which will expose the trunk.
Breeding methods dieffenbachia
The easiest way to propagate dieffenbachia is with apical cuttings. The separated stalk is advised to be pretreated with a rooting stimulant. Then the finished part of the stem is planted in sandy or peat-sandy soil. The seedling is covered with a bag or jar, and then put in a warm place, trying not to get direct rays on it. In this case, the soil should be only slightly damp, but not wet. Moisturizing the soil, you can add preparations there weekly to promote root growth. Additionally, regular spraying and moderate heating of the soil will help speed up rooting: its temperature should not be lower than +21 degrees, so you should not keep the seedling near cold windows.
If the cutting was not planted in the ground, but stood in water, planting should be started when the size of the roots reaches at least 3 cm. Cuttings grown in sand should be fed with ¼ dose of mineral fertilizers. Such plants should be replanted only after a sufficient number of roots have formed, taking care not to destroy the soil clod around them.
Stem pieces can also be used as planting material. They are divided into cuttings at least 10 cm in size. But due to the fact that such cuttings should be planted horizontally, excessive length can prevent the planting material from fitting in the pot. At the same time, each must have at least 3 internodes: each of them can form a new shoot. To prevent the cuttings from rotting, they are dried in the air for a couple of days before planting, having previously treated the cut points with sulfur or crushed coal. Each stalk is only half pressed into wet soil, without sprinkling on top.
This type of reproduction will take much longer, because stiff stem cuttings of dieffenbachia can take root for a very long time. This process can take a couple of weeks or several months. If rot does not form on the cuttings, they continue to be watered a little as necessary. Later, a bud will appear on such a stem. When the first leaf begins to grow from it, a little soil should be added to the base of the new plant. As soon as the seedling gets stronger, it is transplanted, trying not to disturb the part of the trunk from which it sprouted.
If an old dieffenbachia bush was used to obtain planting material, you should not throw it away if there are at least three apertures on the rest of the plant. A specimen trimmed in this way may soon release new shoots.
276. Methods of reproduction.
Growing from seeds
Another way of propagation of dieffenbachia is seed. You can get seeds from such a plant by waiting for the flowers to appear and artificially pollinating them. At the same time, pollen should be transferred in a certain way. In the upper, open part of the cob, there are male flowers, and in the lower, covered with a veil, there are female flowers. To get to the latter, the coverlet will have to be slightly cut longitudinally, and then with the help of a brush, transfer the pollen to the flower. The incision formed on the bedspread is then sealed with tape.
The ear stays on the plant for several days, and then begins to wilt, but it does not disappear. If the inflorescence was pollinated correctly, then later brightly colored berries should appear in this place. You should be careful with such fruits - they are poisonous. It takes about six months for the berries to ripen, they are removed from the bush only after their shell begins to wrinkle. Seeds should be sown immediately after collection and retrieval. Usually chopped moss is used as a soil for them.
Pests and diseases
Dieffenbachia can be affected by spider mites (a thin cobweb appears on the stems and foliage), scabies or false scutes (the formation of sticky brown plaques on the leaves) and mealy mites (a white fluff forms on the green part of the plant). In these cases, the bush must be treated with warm soapy water or actellik (up to 2 g per 1 liter of water).
The main disease affecting dieffenbachia is rot. Improper care and over-watering can be the cause of this problem. The development of putrefactive processes may be indicated by the lethargy of the plant, the dropping or blackening of its foliage and the slow drying out of the soil with rare moisture. When such signs appear, the bush is removed from the pot and its roots are examined. The affected must be removed along with the ground. The sections are sprinkled with charcoal powder. You can transplant the plant into fresh soil, and then water it a little with a weak solution of manganese. The watering regime after this should be adjusted and try to water the plant only after the soil in the pot dries out at least 2 cm.
If the roots of Dieffenbachia are too damaged, you can try to preserve the plant by cutting and rooting a healthy top.
From too low a temperature in the room, young foliage can begin to fall off. The fall of old leaves is not considered a problem - this is a natural process of dieffenbachia growth. But yellowing and curling of the lower leaves can also be associated with too cold water for watering or an abundance of cool drafts.
The appearance of black spots on foliage is a sign of fungal diseases. Excessive soil moisture is also considered to be their cause. The bush is treated with fungicides, the irrigation rate is reduced, and spraying is temporarily stopped.
Due to exposure to direct sunlight, burns may remain on the leaves, so it is recommended to keep the plant in diffused light. The edges of the foliage can turn brown both from a lack of watering and excessive dry air, and due to a lack of nutrients.
The main types of dieffenbachia with a photo
Variegated, or painted (Dieffenbachia picta)
It is considered one of the most popular types of dieffenbachia. Differs in large size - an adult bush can reach two meters in height. The oval foliage of the plant has a dark green color and a beautiful contrasting pattern of light stripes and spots. Each sheet can be over 40 cm in size and 15 cm wide.
Spotted, or painted (Dieffenbachia maculata)
Another species that is very popular. It is notable for the more compact size of the bush, its height usually does not exceed one meter. Due to this, low susceptibility to temperature fluctuations and general unpretentiousness, such dieffenbachia is often grown both in homes and offices. Its slightly oblong foliage of almost half a meter in length gives the bush a spectacular look. The color of the leaf plates is rich or, conversely, light green with a motley ornament of spots of white or yellowish color. Each has pronounced veins.
Leopold (Dieffenbachia leopoldii Bull)
The species is distinguished by the presence of a thick, but very short stem, only up to 6 cm in height. It has elegant foliage with a light yellow center and green edges. The petioles of each leaf are almost invisible. Homeland - Costa Rica. In floriculture, this type of flower is quite rare.
Lovely, or pleasant (Dieffenbachia amoena)
Another rather unpretentious flower.Can easily tolerate low humidity and almost does not react to proximity to heating devices. The main thing is to make sure that the earth in her pot does not dry out. The size of the bush is quite impressive: about 1.5 m, while the foliage reaches 60 cm in length. Its color is green, with light stripes in the vein area.
Seguina (Dieffenbachia seguina)
It resembles the spotted variety, but has wider (about 15 cm at half a meter in length) foliage on shorter petioles. In addition, the leaves are slightly pointed and have slightly fewer lateral veins. Several popular varieties have been bred on the basis of this dieffenbachia. Among them is the well-known and very elegant "Green Magic", which is distinguished by monochromatic green foliage with a contrasting light vein in the middle. Seguin varieties differ from each other in the shape of the leaves and the degree of their elongation, their size, as well as the pattern and color of the pattern.
Oersted (Dieffenbachia oerstedii)
The foliage of such a dieffenbachia is more elongated, and at the end it has a sharpness. In the center of each leaf there is a light, seemingly glowing vein. The length of the sheet plates can be up to 35 cm.
Magnificent (Dieffenbachia magnifica)
The green leaves and petioles of this species are covered with white streaks and dots of varying intensity. This gives the plant an incredibly spectacular look.
Large-leaved (Dieffenbachia Macrophylla)
Forms bushes of one meter height. The foliage is ovoid and colored in a uniform shade of green. A thickened vein is located in the center of the leaf.
Baumann (Dieffenbachia bowmannii)
The species is distinguished by a particularly impressive leaf size, which reaches 80 cm under optimal conditions for a plant. Other varieties of dieffenbachia grown at home are usually not able to form such large leaf plates. In Baumann's Dieffenbachia, they are painted in dark shades of green and have yellowish streaks.
Bause (Dieffenbachia bausei)
The size of leaf plates of this type usually does not exceed 40 cm. It attracts with a pattern on the foliage: it is decorated with a greenish-white ornament. Sometimes such dieffenbachia is considered one of the forms of the Seguin species.
Selection of optimal crops for planting, depending on the type and type of soil
Apply fertilizers, apply pesticides, water and loosen, from morning until late at night in the beds, but the harvest is not happy? Spend money on zoned modern varieties and hybrids, and as a result, there are miserable sick plants on the site? Maybe it's the soil?
Gardening and horticulture is aimed at getting good yields. Suitable varieties of plants, timely application of fertilizers and pesticides, watering - all these affect the final result.
But correct agricultural technology gives the desired result only when taking into account the characteristics of the soil in this area. Let's take a look at the types and types of soil, their pros and cons.
Dracaena and dieffenbachia in the OBI online store
OBI hypermarket offers customers about 60 varieties of Dieffenbachia and Dracaena complete with container and soil. The cost of ornamental plants ranges from 170 to 37,000 rubles per sample.
When buying such living accessories for the home, take into account:
- • Features of care.
- • Height and splendor of the crown.
- • The color and shape of the leaves.
Indoor plants of these varieties differ significantly in color and leaf shape. Along with monochromatic samples, there are miniature trees with a multi-colored dense crown on sale. The selection of the optimal chemical composition of the soil and the size of the container is carried out depending on the variety. These ornamental flora prefer moderate lighting and generous watering.
Order home palm trees in the OBI store using the mobile application for your smartphone.
Payment and delivery methods
- Buy goods online with delivery
- • You can pay for the order in cash or by bank transfer.
- • The date and time of delivery you agree with the operator by phone when confirming the order.
- • The terms of the free provision of the service depend on the city, amount and weight of the product.
- • Unloading of goods, lifting and carrying are additional services and may be charged separately, check with the store operator.
Detailed information about the intervals and zones by city, the conditions for unloading and lifting the order are on the service page, where you can independently calculate the cost of your delivery in advance, indicating the postal address and parameters for unloading.
- Order and pick up yourself where you like
- • When filling out the order form, indicate the date and time convenient for you to visit the hypermarket.
- • You can pay for your purchase in cash or by bank transfer at the cash desks of the store.
Purchased goods can be picked up independently at any of the OBI stores in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Ryazan, Volgograd, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Omsk, Krasnodar, Surgut, Bryansk, Tula and Volzhsky.
Plant keeping aspects
If all precautions are taken, the plant does not pose any danger, and can be not only useful, but also beautiful. And the simple maintenance makes it even more attractive.
All species have thick, erect stems, and differ in leaf plates, size, color and pattern:
Dieffenbachia Adorable (amoena) - dark green leaf plate with white stripes running parallel to the veins.
Dieffenbachia Camilla - a white leaf plate with emerald stripes along the edges.
Dieffenbachia Leopold (leopoldii) - dark green of the leaf plate, the central vein is whitish, the leaf grows up to 40 centimeters.
Dieffenbachia spotted (maculata) - has spots on the leaves, not stripes.
Dieffenbachia Baumann (bowmannii) - has huge leaves, up to 70 centimeters, requires special separate space. Has a speckled leaf pattern.
Dieffenbachia Baraguina (baraquiniana) - bright green leaf plates, with whitish petioles.
Dieffenbachia Bause (bausei) - yellowish-green leaf plate, decorated with spots of dark green and white colors, reminiscent of a marble pattern.
Dieffenbachia - gardening
Aroid family. Homeland South America. A straight-stemmed tree-like plant with variegated large elongated oval leaves. Plant sap is poisonous. Dieffenbachia can grow up to 2 m, but gradually the lower part of the trunk becomes bare and the plant loses its decorative appeal. In indoor conditions, it rarely blooms. In fact, the taxonomy of Dieffenbachia is too confusing and will cause difficulty even for a professional, due to the variability of species, to obtain interspecific hybrids and various varieties. It should also be noted that many types of dieffenbachia require fairly frequent renewal - on average, after three years, if grown in an apartment. Since after this time they usually grow to the ceiling. Then the top is cut off and rooted, and what is left is either thrown away or left for reproduction.
The most common types:
Dieffenbachia spotted Dieffenbachia maculata - with large stems and a leaf blade up to 40-50 cm long and 10-12 cm wide, oblong or lanceolate, pointed at the end. About 15 lateral veins can be seen on the leaf surface. Large white spots on the leaves. It blooms on the cob and forms orange-red berries. There are several varieties that differ in the color of the leaves. This species is also referred to as Dieffenbachia colored Dieffenbachia picta.
Dieffenbachia Seguina Dieffenbachia seguina - similar to the previous species, but the leaf blade is wider - 15-16 cm and 40-50 cm long. About 9-12 lateral veins can be seen on the leaf surface. Also, several varieties are widespread in the culture. This species is also referred to as Dieffenbachia adorable Dieffenbachia amoena.
Dieffenbachia bausei Dieffenbachia bausei - with oval yellowish-green leaves about 30-35 cm long. The drawing of the leaf is marble, with white dots.
Dieffenbachia Oerstedi Dieffenbachia oerstedii - with oval-pointed or elongated-cordate leaves about 30-35 cm long. The leaf is pure green, the central vein stands out, and sometimes light specks come across.
Temperature: Grows well only in warmth, not lower than 18 ° C, better above. Plants rot and die at temperatures below 10 ° C. Does not tolerate drafts.
Lighting: Shade in summer, good lighting in winter. In a too dark place, the leaves become smaller, and the plant loses its decorative appeal. It will grow well under the protection of a tulle curtain near an east or west window.
Watering: Abundant from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. The soil is kept slightly moist at all times, but should not be too moist. When watering with too hard water, the tips of the leaves turn brown.
Fertilizer: In the period from May to August, top dressing with complex fertilizer, every two weeks. They do not feed in autumn and winter. With a lack of nutrients, the trunk from below is exposed much faster.
Air humidity: Loves very humid air, requires regular spraying and washing of leaves. Before spraying, make sure that the room is warm and there is no "blowing out" from where, otherwise you can harm the plant. If the room is about 18 ° C, it is better not to spray, but just periodically wipe it with a damp sponge.
Transfer: Annually in spring - better at the end of April. The soil is a mixture of turf (4 parts), leaf (1 part), peat (1 part) and sand (1 part). Dieffenbachia are fast-growing plants, but due to the fact that the plants grow quite large, transplanting is difficult, in this case it is advisable to replace the top layer of the earth with very nutritious soil. It would be nice to add a little charcoal to the soil.
Reproduction: Trunk cuttings of 5-7 cm, which are rooted with soil heating at 30 °. Some forms produce daughter shoots, which are cut and rooted. To rejuvenate the plant, the top with part of the trunk is cut off, it takes root well.
Green grafting method
The timing of green cuttings depends on the phase of development of the shoots. For stone fruit crops (cherry, plum, peach), green cuttings are most successful in the phase of intensive shoot growth, which is characterized by rapid growth, green color of the bark and weak lignification of the lower part of the shoot. In the middle lane, this phase usually falls on the first half of June. For crops such as apple, quince, gooseberry, lemon, and the like, the best dates fall at the end of the growth phase, when the shoots are semi-lignified, and the bark partially turns brown. Culture, ex.
Cabbage juice cures many diseases
Cabbage is on our table both on weekdays and on holidays. It has one more important purpose - it heals us from many diseases. In this sense, the opinion of the ancient Romans is interesting, who believed that if there was any disease inside, "cabbage will cure everything, drive the pain out of the head and eyes." In their opinion, cabbage gives strength to the body and resistance against various diseases, eliminates insomnia and soothes headaches. Our folk medicine also attaches great importance to cabbage. Fresh leaves and cabbage juice are medicinal raw materials. Cal.
The beneficial properties of sweet peppers
Pepper is one of the oldest cultivated vegetable crops. The homeland of this plant is Mexico and Guatemala, tropical regions of America. Despite its southern origin, pepper has successfully taken root in our northern latitudes. Bell pepper is a perennial plant, but in our climate it is bred as an annual vegetable crop. In the tropical regions of America, it is found in the wild, and in culture it is already cultivated all over the world. Basically, 4 types of pepper are grown: pubescent (Capsicus pubescens), Peruvian (Capsicus angulosum), Colombian.
The special value of a pear is determined by the presence of bioactive compounds that can prevent or cure some kidney diseases, inflammation of the urinary tract, and bacteriuria. In some regions of Russia, it is difficult to cultivate a pear. For example, pear varieties grown in Siberia are not sufficiently winter-hardy and drought-resistant. Severe winters cause strong freezing of wood in them, and often the loss of skeletal and semi-skeletal branches. Flower buds freeze when thaws are replaced by a sharp cold snap. With quality agricultural technology, the pear is not inferior in yield.
Parsnip is a storehouse of trace elements and vitamins
Vegetable culture parsnips, usually eaten as a spice. It occupies one of the first places among root crops in terms of easily digestible carbohydrates. In addition, parsnips contain such useful trace elements as iron, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium, as well as carotene, vitamin C and the entire group of B vitamins, which makes it possible to consider it a unique natural storehouse of trace elements and vitamins. as rather fleshy and massive, outwardly very similar to carrots, but only white, very pleasant.
Lavender is the queen of fragrances
Nowadays, this nondescript-looking queen of fragrances becomes a familiar inhabitant of our gardens, where she brings her irresistible charm. It is used to create low hedges, planted in flower borders, along garden paths, in a group or singly among other fragrant herbs. Due to the fact that the plant lends itself well to curly haircut, the presence of lavender is justified in strict geometric plantings. It should be noted that lavender is quite unpretentious, loves warmth and light, has amazing drought resistance and.
Garden fences and fences
The simplest fences are metal mesh fences. Typically, such fences are installed in garden areas, restricting access to the site. The disadvantages of such a fence include initially full visibility of what is behind it. Therefore, shrubs and climbing plants are usually placed behind the net in order to at least somehow hide the area from prying eyes. The main plus is a long service life and a relatively low cost. A chain-link mesh is a steel wire that must be coated with anti-corrosion paint. At the present time.
Decoction of white acacia flowers
The collection of flowers and inflorescences of white acacia is carried out at the very beginning of flowering - half-open. Dry in the shade in a well-ventilated room, scattering in a thin layer and periodically turning over. From the dried raw materials, infusions, tinctures, decoctions are prepared. Inflorescences are drunk with leucorrhoea and inflammation of the female genital area. A tablespoon of raw materials is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for an hour, filtered. Take a tablespoon 3 times a day before meals. Inflorescence tincture is good as an external remedy for rheumatism. 2 tablespoons of chopped cheese
Biological method of protecting plants from pests
Insect diseases can be caused by fungi that enter the body through the outer integument. Sick insects cannot eat, and then die. The most widespread is white muscardinosis, which is caused by the fungus Beauveria bassiana Vuill. This disease infects the codling moth, apple moth, and goldtail. After death, the body of the insect hardens and mummifies. In our country, the production of a biological preparation of boverin is being established, containing spores of the fungus Beauveria bassiana. Among the natural enemies of insects, the virus is known.
Removing excess heat from the greenhouse
If we build a greenhouse ourselves, then we can immediately design it so that it is convenient for us and for the plants. The greenhouse must be warm, but not too warm, and the greenhouse design must be functional, i.e. perform the function for which it is intended: to maintain the optimum temperature and humidity for plant growth. Imagine that the Sun is a powerful free stove that turns on in the morning and turns off in the evening every day. It heats up the greenhouse in minutes. This is very convenient, if not for one problem. D.
Black steam method
The black steam method is perhaps one of the most effective methods of soil maintenance in garden plots. Thanks to this simple method, the entire garden area is weed-free and loose. This contributes to the good retention of moisture in the soil, which is very important especially for irrigated gardens, as well as with a lack of water. In accordance with the "black steam" technology, during the growing season of plants, the soil is repeatedly cultivated to a depth of 6 to 8 cm. This protects the soil from compaction, and also clears the garden from weeds. Per.
Which lawn mower to choose
Think, after all, once such things as working on the ground, caring for the garden were hard and exhausting work. Currently, we are offered so many different tools and techniques that the work turns into pleasure and does not take so much time. And, what is more important, now both a woman and an elderly person can take care of the garden without difficulty. Of course, in order to receive this pleasure, certain investments are required. Still, gardening equipment, like household appliances, is not a cheap pleasure. But once you spend money, you buy time.
Transplantation and reproduction of dieffenbachia
Young plants can be transplanted once a year. In this case, it is important to correctly select the subsequent container. It is recommended to take a flowerpot a couple of centimeters larger than the previous pot. Adult specimens should be disturbed much less frequently and only be transplanted every 4 years.
Transplanting a plant requires care and attention. It is best to follow a specific algorithm so as not to harm dieffenbachia.
- Take a new dieffenbachia pot and place a drainage layer on the bottom.
- Place a small amount of soil on top.
- Remove the plant from the pot and examine its roots carefully. If defects are found on the roots, then it is best to cut them off. The cut areas will need to be treated with activated charcoal.
- Without shaking off the ground, you need to move the dieffenbachia to a new pot.
- Cover the sides with soil and water the flower.
When the plant has reached a large size, then you should not send it to a new, deeper container. It will be enough to renew the topsoil.
In order to find out how to propagate dieffenbachia at home, you need to study 4 different ways:
Seeds. This method is used by breeders to develop new varieties. The seeds are obtained by manually pollinating male and female flowers.
Cuttings of the tops. When the plant is stretched up and the stem has no leaves, the top is cut off. It is placed in water or peat-sand mixture. It is recommended to spray the stalk during the growth process and protect it from direct rays.
Stem pieces. The pieces are cut into several cuttings up to 20 cm in length. They dry for 2 days, and then fit into a substrate of sand and peat. After that, the container is covered with a film and remains at a temperature of +25 degrees for 6 months.
Layers. A cut is made on the stalk and wrapped with foil. All this is fixed with tape or thread, and after that it will be possible to observe the appearance of roots, which are cut off and planted in a separate pot.