The second life of dying trees
Let the apple tree bloom
About thirty years ago, when I happened to be in the dying village of the Tikhvin region on the banks of the Pasha River, I wanted to buy a house here, start a vegetable garden and even a garden. Therefore, the conversation will go about the garden, which I laid in the first year after buying a house with land.
Having planted seedlings of four apple trees, two pears and two plums in the fall, in the spring I found only two apple trees survived, and the roots of the rest of the seedlings were eaten, apparently, the shrew "tried". Apple trees have grown in two years and gave the first fruits, very tasty, sweet and sour with a pink blush on the sides. It is a pity, but at that time I did not remember the varieties of the purchased and planted seedlings.
But the third winter turned out to be fatal for my apple trees - their upper part was frozen. And they ripened! At the end of September, beautiful pink-sided elongated apples with a delicate aroma were cheerful on the trees, in size and shape they resembled the fruits of the White filling variety. The apples had a rather dense pulp and a sweet and sour pleasant taste. Until now, I still do not know the name of the cultivated apple variety.
The history of their later life was quite successful. All the years they bore fruit well, but three years ago, a crown froze to one of the apple trees, and again, leaving a strong branch from the root, I grow a new tree for the second time on this strong root. Another apple tree died due to the fact that a family of moles settled in its root system. I managed to drive the moles out with water, and from part of the root a good apple tree grew again, which for two years has already been covered with flowers in the spring, and with fruits in the fall.
There is another cautionary tale in my gardening practice. For fifteen years now I have been caring for a garden near the village of Vyritsa, which, as you know, is the southern direction from St. Petersburg, 60 kilometers from it. With my participation, an apple orchard was laid there on a plot of 6 acres. Due to the clay soil and the high standing of groundwater, all the apple trees were planted not in a hole, but on mounds, the size of which was equal to the size of their crown. As the apple trees grew, the trunk circles increased, and the edges of the circles turned up, but the circle itself did not. We weeded it, loosened it, fertilized it. Apple trees, and there were only six of them, all these years developed well, did not get sick and for every second year they gave a good harvest of apples.
When we planted these apple trees on the site, we did not know what kind they were. And only in 2007, thanks to N.S. So it turned out that apple trees of the varieties Welsey, Ranet Chernenko, Grushovka and Prima grow in the garden. The last time in 2007 was a great harvest, the whole country house was littered with apples. We made a lot of juice from them, and the apples themselves were served until March 2008. The medium-late variety Ranet Chernenko turned out to be the most mature.
This information is just a deviation from the topic of my story. It's about the fate of the Prima tree. It produces wonderful apples with a sweet taste and red color and is a medium-ripening variety.
Several years ago, the branches of this apple tree began to dry out, I cut out the drying out branches, healed the wounds with garden var, but this process did not stop. Realizing that I was losing the apple tree, I again decided to use my experience in growing stock when the scion part of the tree dies. The varietal part of the apple tree still remained when I left one branch of the overgrowth. For four years, it turned into a large strong tree, but for some reason it was not going to bloom. Several times, stopping at this part of the apple tree, I told her that I was running out of patience to wait for its fruits, and it cost me nothing to cut down its trunk. The next year after these threats, and this was in 2005, this part of the apple tree blossomed and gave some amazing fruits. I didn’t saw anything, because the tree was strong, and I was tormented by curiosity: I wanted to know what had grown here.
The new apples were completely white, like the Papirovka variety, and both in shape and size also resembled this variety. But their ripening period is later, and they taste much sour. And so it happened that on one root I had two apple trees of different varieties with red and white fruits. In the harvest year of 2007, this apple tree looked magical, hung with many colorful apples. It so happened that Prima fought hard for her life, and the stock of an unknown variety, but quite worthy and edible, fought too. These examples convince us that the stock may not be wild at all, but simply a frost-resistant variety. And we do not have to rush to part with the dying apple tree, uprooting its root. A new tree can grow on this root and bloom, delighting us.
Lyudmila Rybkina, gardener, member of the "Green Gift" club in the municipality of Shuvalovo-Ozerki
Summer pruning timing
The main activities for removing branches in the summer are held in June and early July. But certain techniques require repetition. As a result, one or another pruning can be carried out throughout the summer season. On crops such as apricot, peach and cherry plum, in early spring, such manipulations can be carried out from the end of May. In general, the timing of summer pruning depends on the conditions of the particular year, the vigor of the shoots, the age of the trees and the growing conditions. In other words, you need to look "according to the circumstances."
How to extend the life of an old fruit tree. Rejuvenating the ancient elders
If you inherited an old garden, then in addition to joy and pride comes responsibility for the elderly green pets. Like people, trees grow old and begin to require special sensitive attention to themselves. However, they have an undeniable advantage: if the gardener carries out the necessary procedures on time and correctly, then an old apple, pear or other fruit tree will gain youth. In the book "The most complete encyclopedia of Nikolai Kurdyumov's garden and vegetable garden" we found recipes for the longevity of fruit trees.
Old apple orchard
Decor of interior items with pieces of a mirror
Even if the new frame is not able to save the old mirror, you will have to act more radically: cut it into pieces. Use a glass cutter to cut out the most presentable pieces. Large ones can be used to decorate furniture, smaller ones - to decorate small household items.
Decorating furniture with mirrors is a rather laborious task, but if you like to craft with your own hands, then be sure to try to implement it. You can decorate the entire surface or just paste over them with mirror pieces. Pets will be delighted in any case!
Old flower pots can be easily transformed with mirror pieces. Paste the surface of the containers in a geometric or chaotic manner. Or cover the pots with a thick layer of clay, and then fix the mirrored pieces in it until they harden.
From the mirror fragments you will get a nice disco ball that will decorate any holiday. To do this, cut the mirror into small squares measuring 1 × 1 cm.Use an old ball, globe, or a ready-made foam ball, which can be purchased at a craft store, as a base. A more laborious way is to make a papier-mâché base. Try to place the mirror pieces close to each other to further increase the amount of reflected light. And such a ball will look prettier.
It is best to fix the pieces of the mirror with ceiling tile adhesive.
What are the advantages of grafting fruit trees
No one would start grafting trees if there was no benefit to it. When does it make sense to plant fruit trees?
- For most of us, the area of the summer cottage does not allow all the plans to come true. And in the garden we have to compromise, choosing the most necessary crops and in the garden we cannot afford to plant many different varieties, preferring most often trees of late ripening. However, pears and apples are hungry not only in late autumn and winter, but also in summer. Is there a way out? In this case, vaccination will come to the rescue. With one stock, you can graft cuttings (branches or buds) of several trees on it, which bear fruit at different periods. As a result of this, it will be possible to get from it the fruits of both early and middle and late varieties. The main thing is to choose the right scions.
- Some varieties of fruit trees, for example southern peaches and apricots, will be able to produce crops in our conditions only if they are grafted onto a stock that can withstand severe frost and other delights of the local weather. This cooperation is mutually beneficial: the rootstock gives the new tree its endurance, and the graft for this gives its exotic fruits.
- Grafting is a good way to test if you like a given fruit variety without waiting many years for the fruit to start producing. If suddenly the fruits are not to your taste, the branch can simply be cut down. It's easier than uprooting a whole tree.
- Finally, it is more cost effective than buying a seedling. Most of your friends will agree to give you a stalk of a tree you like absolutely free. If, for example, in a nursery, you still have to pay for it, the price of a scion in any case will be several times lower than the cost of a seedling.
The second life of an old carpet - some interesting ideas
You should not immediately throw away things that have become unfashionable. They can serve you in a different capacity and still be of great use. Today we will talk about old carpets, which were once a sign of wealth and are now associated with old-fashioned interiors. We will tell you here how you can apply a carpet that you decide to throw away, the channel writes. "Garden"... And remember: before you start altering an old carpet, you should carefully knock it out and wash or dry-clean it.
How pleasant it is to lie in the shade of the trees in a hammock after a hard summer work! And you can make it from an old carpet. It is better to use a not very dense carpet, because have to sew it. There are several options for converting a carpet into a hammock. Let's talk about the most reliable one, in our opinion.
two hollow metal tubes inside,
a small piece of garden hose
Tuck the short edge of the hammock (the metal tube should freely enter the hole) and sew securely along the entire length with silk thread. Then repeat the same on the other edge of the carpet. Place the metal tubes inside the resulting holes. Insert a cord into them. With frequent use, the metal edge will chafe the cord, no matter how tight it is. To prevent this from happening, protect the cord with a garden hose. Cut a piece of hose about 10 cm long and slide it over the cord so that it is in the place where the metal tube and the cord meet. The knots tied on both sides of the hose will help to fix the hose in this place. After that, you just have to find a suitable place in the garden and hang a ready-made hammock there.
If you have purring animals in your house, they will definitely like a scratching post made from an old carpet. This can be a very simple option, made from a small piece. Cut a rectangle out of the carpet and nail it onto the wall where the wallpaper has been stripped (this is the first sign that your cat has a special love for this area). Now nothing threatens your wall. In approximately the same way, you can protect doors that are subject to frequent attacks (usually this dangerous place is near the handle). Make a frame from wooden slats, inside which you place a piece of carpet. Cut a hole at the top for the handle and hang the protection on the door. If you decide to make a scratching post, then to create it you will need, in addition to the carpet, a piece of large-diameter plastic pipe. Cover the pipe with carpet, provide a solid base for it, and place it in a suitable location.
Carpets are also used to create benches for pets.
If you lead a healthy lifestyle and exercise regularly, then you most likely already have a workout mat. However, it is not very convenient to carry it with you, for example, to the dacha. In order not to spend money and not buy another one, use an old carpet. Cut it to the desired size and process the edge in any way so that it does not crumble. You can give the carpet to a special workshop where they are engaged in overcasting carpets. If all members of your family are engaged in training, then such a rework will not only be a good way to dispose of old carpets, but also a good cost saving.
Another option for using an old rug is to make new rugs from it that you will use for many years to come.
* Cut the rug into several small rectangles and overcast for beautiful front door rugs.
* If you want to make a massage mat, just stick a pebble on a circle (or any other shape) cut out of an old carpet.
* If you like patchwork, then try to sew one using the patchwork technique from several old carpets. Cut them into rectangles or squares and join them together. If the carpets are difficult to sew or you don't feel like doing it, simply glue the seams on the wrong side with reliable (strong) adhesive tape. This method is also good because at any time (for example, you spilled wine on the carpet or a child painted it with a felt-tip pen), you can easily replace one of the pieces with a new one.
* The carpet cut into pieces can also be laid on the loggia or in the car (in the cabin or in the trunk).
* If your summer cottage or house has a second floor and the steps on the stairs are very slippery, cut the old carpet into small pieces and paste over the steps with them.
Slippers for guests
If you have cold floors and you are a hospitable person, then you have probably thought more than once about purchasing several pairs of slippers for guests. However, home shoes can be made with your own hands without much difficulty. The material for its manufacture will be, you guessed it, an old carpet. Find a pattern for the simplest slippers on the Internet and sew several pairs of different sizes. Guests, you can not even doubt, will appreciate your care and work.
Using carpet in the garden
Many, getting rid of the old carpet, take it to the dacha. And rightly so! There, your carpet will find a second life and will serve you faithfully for more than one year. Most often, the paths between the beds are covered with carpets in the country. In this case, weeds that do not have access to sunlight stop growing, which means that there is no need for weeding. And this is minus one hard dacha work. Sometimes the carpet is used as a base for a warm garden bed. The prepared area is covered with it, and all the "stuffing" necessary for arranging such a bed is laid on the carpet in layers: branches, plant stems, tops, vegetables, turf, leaves, soil.
One of the big problems of hardworking summer residents is the neighboring area overgrown with weeds. Weeds strive to "cross" the border of the site, so you have to constantly fight with them. You can get rid of this misfortune with the help of the same carpet. Lay it at the border of the plots directly on the weeds. Left without sunlight, they will die. Seeds on the carpet will also not be able to germinate.
Cover the pile with a carpet for the quickest maturation of the compost in the cold season. It will help keep warm and thus speed up the decomposition of plant residues.
As a mulching material for planting, for example, strawberries, dark spunbond or black film is most often used. However, these materials can be easily replaced with a carpet. It allows water to pass through, but obscures the light, so strawberries in such a bed will be quite comfortable, but no weeds.
If you use the carpet using one of the methods described, then at the end of each gardening season, do not forget to rinse and dry the carpet. Then roll it up and store it in a barn or basement for winter storage. With this care, the carpet will serve you for more than one year.
Other ways to use an old carpet in the country
Where else can you use an old, unnecessary carpet in the country? There can be many options. Let's list the most popular ones.
* If you have a chicken coop (and the birds are there not only in summer, but also in the cold season), insulate its walls and doors with an old carpet. This will make the chickens more comfortable during the winter.
* The carpet is suitable as a heater and for a country house. If you do not want to invest a lot of money in the arrangement of the insulation system, protect the most ventilated wall with a carpet.
* A carpet cut into pieces can be used to upholster garden furniture made from pallets, for example.
* When working in the garden, put a piece of carpet under your knees - this will make it easier to weed and loosen, and you will have to wash your clothes less often.
* Everyone knows how dangerous sharp edges of stones, pieces of glass or an ordinary branch are for an inflatable children's pool. A backing is required to protect the bottom of the bath. An old carpet is perfect as a lining material. Lay it on the prepared area, and place the pool on top. Its foundation will be safe now.
And who will now say that a carpet is an absolutely useless thing and that its place is in a landfill?
5. Brick from slugs
Experienced gardeners have bricks on the beds for a reason - they are peculiar slug traps... During the day, when it's sunny and hot, they like to hide in shady cool hiding places. It is only important to put the brick so that on one side there is a gap between it and the ground, and the mollusks can crawl under it. Flip a brick like this and you will always find some slugs.
If you are not a supporter of such a fight against gastropod gluttons, you will have to stock up on "heavy artillery". Our market will help you with this. View a selection of slug remedies and compare offers from different online stores.