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10 best early grape varieties

10 best early grape varieties


The climatic features of the middle zone make it possible to grow thermophilic crops, in particular grapes, practically throughout Russia. Given the likelihood of early frosts, many gardeners, when choosing varieties, prefer plants with an early or super-early ripening period. So the chances of getting a crop are significantly increased. And the susceptibility to fungal infections in early-maturing grapes is lower.

The very best early grape varieties

The assortment of varieties with an early ripening period is quite large, which complicates the choice for inexperienced winegrowers. You can trust in this difficult matter rating indicators, which distinguish the best representatives of the culture by several factors at once: yield, resistance to diseases, the onset of the fruiting phase after planting seedlings.

The following grape varieties are considered popular among farmers and private traders.

Libya

Libya grapes combine great taste, resistance to diseases and climatic conditions... Recommended for growing in Krasnodar, Primorsky, Stavropol Territories, the Volga Region and the North Caucasus.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 105 days;
  • vigorous bush with powerful roots, the vine develops very intensively;
  • fruits have a persistent nutmeg aroma, which lasts for several months after harvest;
  • berries are round, slightly elongated, pink color, weight 10-12 gr .;
  • pulp of medium density, the skin is barely felt;
  • sugar content - 20% with an acidity of 6-7 g / l;
  • frost resistance - to minus 21 degrees;
  • agricultural technology is simple, even a beginner can handle;
  • the use of berries is universal.

The variety was obtained by an amateur breeder V.V. Zagorulko. The features of the plant are large, dense brushes about 25 cm long and very early ripening.

Adler

The grapes were bred by breeders from promising varieties: Talisman and Augustine. Bisexual flowers provide good pollination, in particular a stable harvest. The hybrid took exclusively advantageous qualities from the parents, which was highly appreciated by the growers of central Russia.

A feature of Adler is considered safety of presentation berries on the bush throughout the month after ripening.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 115-120 days;
  • vigorous bush with rapidly growing vines;
  • berries are large, rounded, slightly elongated, amber-yellow in color, weight 10-11 grams;
  • the mass of the bunch reaches 500 grams;
  • sugar content - 18-22% with acidity 3.4-3.7 g / l;
  • frost resistance - to minus 24 degrees;
  • the plant is tolerant to powdery mildew and mildew, there is a high resistance to gray rot;
  • dense skin ensures long-term preservation of the crop and good transportability.

Veles

A hybrid bred by an amateur breeder V. Zagorulko, who crossed Rusbol and Sofia. Seedless grapes have bisexual flowers, but additional pollination is recommended to increase yields (by almost 20%).

The plant develops intensively, forming a branched bush with abundant ovaries (more than 35 eyes). The Veles variety is recommended for cultivation in the temperate climate of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 100 days;
  • a bunch of cylindrical shape reaches 1.8-2 kg;
  • berries of medium size (5-6 gr.) oval, pink color;
  • sugar content - 17-22% with an acidity of 5-7 g / l;
  • pulp of medium density, has a pronounced nutmeg taste and aroma;
  • tall bushes with powerful roots;
  • frost resistance - to minus 21 degrees;
  • the plant has a strong immunity, shows high resistance to mildew, tolerant to gray rot;
  • yield 10-15 kg per bush.

Veles grapes are classified as raisins.

Julian

The Julian variety was bred after crossing Rizamata and Kesha, inherited the best qualities from the parents. Among the advantages: high yield, disease resistance, unpretentiousness to weather conditions.

The author of the work is an amateur breeder. In a short period of time, the berry has become incredibly popular thanks to interesting taste and valuable commercial qualities.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 95-105 days;
  • bunches of conical shape or shapeless hang 700-1000 gr.;
  • berry (14-17 gr.) has a dense pinkish skin, but when eaten, it is practically not felt;
  • the plant tolerates winter frosts up to minus 23-25 ​​degrees;
  • fruits are not prone to cracking;
  • high sugar content (18-19%) does not attract bees;
  • there is a long storage period and good transportability.

Delight

Very juicy and sweet berries of Delight, yellowish with a white waxy hue, do not leave indifferent those who have tasted them at least once.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 110-120 days;
  • tall bush;
  • the bunch has a conical shape, weighs an average of 1.4-1.9 kg;
  • oval berry with a moderately dense skin, weight 10-12 grams;
  • sugar content - 19-26%, acidity - 5-9 g / l;
  • frost resistance - to minus 25 degrees;
  • high rates of taste and marketability, good transportability;
  • yield per bush - 6-8 kg.

The Vostorg variety was bred by domestic breeders, who first crossed the Zarya Severa and Dolores, and then the resulting hybrid was diluted with the Russian early.

In almost all indicators, the result of the work of scientific workers has high marks, which is reflected in the title.

Anniversary

The parents of the Jubilee variety were Taifi steady and Delight red. First-class grapes take a worthy place in the ranking of winegrowers.

Its main advantages: early ripening, interesting honey taste, high resistance to various fungal infections. Despite the ability to accumulate sweetness well, no damage by bees or wasps is observed.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 115 days;
  • vigorous bushes with intensively developing vines;
  • the bunches have a cylindrical shape, medium density, hang at 400-500 grams;
  • oval berries of a dark pink color weigh an average of 6-7 grams;
  • sugar index 18-20% with acidity 6-7 g / l;
  • frost resistance - to minus 24 degrees;
  • there is a high resistance to mildew, tolerance to powdery mildew;
  • load on the bush - 35-40 eyes;
  • yield - 9-12 kg per bush;
  • fruits are well preserved, do not lose their presentation during transportation.

Monarch

The Monarch variety was bred by the famous breeder E.G. Pavlovsky, who crossed the Talisman and the Cardinal.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 120-125 days;
  • vigorous bushes with rapidly developing shoots;
  • bisexual flowers, which ensures good pollination;
  • the ripening period falls in the third decade of August;
  • cylindrical bunches hang 600-800 gr .;
  • oval berries weighing 20-23 grams. have a yellow color;
  • taste and commercial characteristics are excellent, there is a nutmeg note;
  • stable yield - at least 7 kg per bush;
  • frost resistance - to minus 23 degrees;
  • the plant is practically not affected by fungal infections, but weakly resists mildew;
  • for a long time, the fruits retain their presentation after ripening, remaining on the bush.

Jupiter

The culture is one of five seedless table grapes that has wild plant roots... This fact, scientists explain extraordinary resistance to frost and weather disasters.

No less unique is the taste of Jupiter's berry, which has fruity notes, nutmeg and even citrus. Americans refer to the fruit as a cocktail of flavors.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 110-115 days;
  • flowers are pollinated on their own, do not require additional measures;
  • bunches are conical in shape, average looseness and density;
  • oval berries weighing 4-6 grams. painted in red or dark purple;
  • the weight of a ripe brush is 300-500 grams;
  • sugar content - 21% with an acidity of 5-6 g / l;
  • frost resistance - to minus 27 degrees;
  • disease resistance at the level of the best varieties;
  • the use of the crop is universal.

Purple

The grapes were bred by Russian breeders who used Northern and Hamburg Muscat for crossing. The hybrid is resistant to frost and climatic conditions. Bisexual flowers provide good pollination, which is the basis for stable yields.

The main places of cultivation: Kherson, Odessa regions., Republic of Dagestan, Krasnodar Territory.

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 120-130 days;
  • tall bush with intensively developing shoots;
  • small clusters of regular conical shape, weight 150-180 gr .;
  • berries of a dark purple color with a waxy coating, weight 1.5-2 grams;
  • the skin is firm, but very sweet, edible
  • sugar content - 21-22% with an acidity of 4.5 g / l;
  • the plant can withstand frost to minus 27 degrees;
  • the use of the crop is universal;
  • the culture grows well on plains and in mountainous regions;
  • the taste is characterized by a range of shades, the aroma contains nutmeg and rose;
  • resistance to fungal diseases is noted.

Anniversary of Novocherkassk

The honey taste of berries and aesthetic enjoyment of the beauty of the poured bunch from the first time wins the recognition of the Novocherkassk Jubilee variety, which has inherited the best qualities from eminent parents (Talisman and Kishmish Radiant).

A brief description of:

  • vegetation - 115-120 days;
  • the bushes are tall, the vine is rapidly gaining strength;
  • harvesting is planned for mid-August;
  • the berry is large, round-elongated, weight 8-12 g, yellow-pink color;
  • a bunch of medium looseness gains a mass of 0.8-1.5 kg;
  • the plant tolerates frost to minus 23 degrees;
  • there is a high resistance to fungal infections, as well as mildew.

Any of the listed early varieties of grapes will be a good purchase, will favorably emphasize the landscape of the personal plot with beautiful massive bunches.


The hybrid form ripens 10 days earlier than Arcadia. The vine ripened on September 25. The berry is tastier and more beautiful than that of Arcadia. In the winter of 2005-2006. I did not cover the bushes. All vines and sleeves were frozen. In May, three shoots grew from the roots, on which four clusters were tied. On August 10, I cut all four clusters and weighed them. They weighed from 1 to 1.5 kg, with a wonderful berry. What sort is capable of this? (Arcadia has been ripening for me since August 20). In 2007, he left 8 bunches, which ripened by August 5. The weight of the bunches was from 1 to 1.5 kg. It may be objected that there is no such kind. I will not prove anything to anyone. Come or visit and see for yourself.

Libya - ripens with New Arcadia. The berry is very large, larger than that of Arcadia. The bunches are very large, weighing more than 1 kg. Very productive G. f. with berries of high taste. Muscat. The berry can remain on the bush for a long time without losing its appearance and quality. Left one bunch until September 25th. The wasp did not touch her. The berry has become more beautiful, has gained a full pink color. Pruning up to 6 buds. The shorter the pruning, the larger and more beautiful the bunch and berry. So far I saw one drawback: the berry picks up sugar earlier than it is colored.

These two hybrid forms are still new. Let's hope that in the future they will demonstrate much better performance.


Description of grape varieties

Each of the presented types has a good taste, good harvest, undemanding conditions of growth and care. All of them can be grown both by professional winegrowers and novice specialists.

The TOP 10 best varieties of berries include:

  • Arcadia - table type, which is the carrier of the genes of the Cardinal and Moldova. It belongs to the early and matures in the period from 115 to 125 days. Bushes - medium to vigorous. Berry cultivation is widespread in Central Russia due to frost resistance, including in the Urals.
  • Oval white kishmish - it is distinguished by small, neat berries of a pale green color. Their characteristic feature is the absence of developed seeds and the presence of a thin skin, which is practically not felt when fresh fruits are consumed.
  • Pinot noir - a technical type of grapes cultivated for the preparation of elite wines. It is grown in France, Italy, Spain, America. In terms of morphological differences and biological characteristics, it is close to the ecological-geographical group from Western Europe.
  • Baikonur - has a specific appearance: the berries are elongated, with a pointed end. Its key advantages: normal reaction to low temperatures and resistance to heat, also in the absence of a high level of moisture, the fruit does not wrinkle and retains a sweet taste.
  • Riesling - outwardly, this species looks like a white raisin, but its green color is paler, and the berries are much larger. Their shape is the same round. Most often, they are used to produce environmentally friendly dietary juices, dry, sparkling and strong wines. It grows in Bulgaria, France, Italy and several other countries.
  • Cabernet Sauvignon - one of the most popular types among winemakers, belonging to the group of technical ones. It comes from France, and is cultivated in Bulgaria, Romania, the USA and in many other countries of the world. Cabernet Sauvignon perfectly resists various pests: gray rot, grape leafworm, etc.
  • In memory of Negrul - interesting because of its presentation and excellent keeping quality, which allows it to be successfully grown for mass sales. However, it is better not to use this grape variety in large quantities for patients with diabetes due to the high concentration of sugars in the fruit - 14.3%.
  • Isabel - the most scandalous type in the rating, which has long been banned for growing for commercial purposes in the EU. The reason for the notoriety was the allegedly high concentration of methanol in the composition. However, it remains popular in private vineyards due to its unpretentious care and lack of need for pesticide treatment.
  • Transformation - a hybrid obtained by combining the genes of Radiant Kishmish and Talisman. It is valuable because of its early ripening period of 110-125 days. The berries are distinguished by their richness and excellent presentation.
  • Original - this name fully corresponds to the type of fruit: pink color, large size, elongated shape with a flattened end, a beautiful bunch. It is grown both for itself and for sale. The fruits are quite fleshy and juicy.


White hybrid, early Russian, Sphinx

White hybrid is a universal form of very early ripening grapes. Very tender, melting in the mouth flesh with a thin tearing skin made this variety a favorite of many winegrowers. But not every variety can boast of this.

The bunches are not very large, up to 500 g. And thank God! You can't eat more at a time, such berries are sweet and nutmeg.

As they say, such a berry should be washed down with water. These grapes are great for making juices and compotes. Well, they turn out very tasty!

Another of the most valuable qualities of the White Hybrid is winter hardiness (-27. ° C), so you can try to grow it in an open culture on arches and gazebos. The main 3 preventive treatments with biological products should not be neglected. It will also be good to feed with organic potassium before ripening to improve the quality of the juice in the berries.

Early Russian is an old, classic grape variety of the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking named after Ya. I. Potapenko. The variety is very early, before it only Russian amber begins to ripen, and even then not always.

Outwardly, the bunches are not impressive, but here's the taste ... Delicious crispy, very sweet berry.A medium-sized grape variety, which allows it to be grown on single-plane trellis without requiring powerful formations, and for organic viticulture this is very important - with light formations, the bushes are well ventilated, which means they are less sick.

Bunches of medium size, 200-400 g, conical, moderate density and loose. Berries of different sizes are medium and large, 21x23 mm, 3-5 g, round, dark pink. The pulp is crispy, harmonious taste, with a good accumulation of sugar - sugar content 17-21%, acidity 6-7 g per 1 liter. A productive variety - often 2-3 inflorescences on a fruitful shoot.

The variety is resistant to mildew and powdery mildew.

It is advisable to treat with "phytosporin" or "trichodermine" from gray rot before ripening the berries. Responsive to foliar feeding.

Sphinx is a hybrid form of very early ripening grapes. Winegrowers speak well of this variety.

The berry of the Sphinx is dark blue, oval, large. The taste is harmonious, with a good combination of acidity and sugar.

Excellent ripening of the vine - to the tips, which is important when propagating this variety. The rooting of the shanks is also excellent.

A feature of the Sphinx is the late budding, which makes it possible to get away from recurrent spring frosts. The scheme of protection against pests and diseases for this "keeper of the pyramids" is standard: two treatments against pests with "actofit", before and after flowering, and three preventive treatments with biological products against diseases. Frost resistance - up to -21 ° С. Pruning fruit vines for 6-8 buds.


The very best early pink white grapes: top 12

Naturally, among the pink grape varieties there are excellent very early, very early or just early representatives of the grape culture (alphabetically):

Azalea

The variety is obtained by a complex crossing of Nadezhda Aksayskaya, as well as a mixture of pollen from Delight red and Taifi resistant. Amateur selection Kapelyushny V.U.

Forms large clusters of medium-friable structure, which are distinguished by a short peduncle. The average weight of one grape bunch is 700 grams (maximum 1-1.2 kg).

Fruits of uniform light pink color. Azalea berries are large, 34 mm long, 25 mm wide, resembling an oval, the weight of each reaches 10-14 g. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, fleshy, with a thin peel, which is not noticeable when consumed.

Typical features of Azalea:

  • ripening period - 105-120 days (very early or very early)
  • sugar accumulation - 21-23%
  • acidity - 5-6 g / l
  • eye load - 25-35
  • it is optimal to do medium pruning by 6-8 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -25 degrees.

  • It has bisexual flowers, which gives stable pollination.
  • High productivity.
  • Not prone to peas.
  • Not damaged in transit (excellent transportability).
  • High resistance to mildew, gray rot and powdery mildew (2-2.5 points).
  • High survival rate of cuttings.

  • Yield adjustment required.
  • Strong rootstocks are required.

Victor

Bred by amateur winegrower V.N.Krainov (Transfiguration and Jubilee of Novocherkassk are also his varieties).

The variety is medium to vigorous.

Grape clusters are large (up to 2 kg) or medium in size, weighing 500-1000 grams, medium density.

The color changes as the fruit ripens from pink-amber to red-lilac. Fruits are in the form of an elongated oval with a pointed end. Very large, their weight is about 9-15 g (maximum up to 20 grams), and their length is about 50 mm. The taste is pleasant, the pulp is fleshy and juicy, with an average density. The Victor variety has a thin edible rind.

Characteristics of the Victor variety:

  • ripening period - 100-110 days (very early or very early)
  • sugar content - up to 17 g / l
  • acid content - 8 g / l
  • maximum load of the eyes - 30-40
  • trimmed into 8-10 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -23 degrees.

  • Bisexual flowers.
  • Yield stability.
  • Not prone to peas.
  • Shoots ripen well.
  • Excellent presentation.
  • Good resistance to common fungal diseases (mildew, powdery mildew, gray mold).

By the way! Victor forms many stepchildren, which makes it possible to get a re-crop on new shoots.

  • Very early flowering period, which increases the likelihood of inflorescence damage in the event of late spring frosts.
  • Attractive to wasps.
  • It is necessary to graft on vigorous rootstocks.

Early gourmet (Novocherkassky Red 1-12)

Variety of amateur selection Krainova V.N., obtained by crossing the varieties Talisman and Kishmish radiant.

Bushes above average vigor. The flower is functional and feminine.

The bunch is cylindro-conical, medium density, large, weighing 500-900 g (individual up to 1.2-1.3 kg).

The berry is pink, oval, large, weighing 7-9 g. The taste of nutmeg is very bright, the flesh is fleshy and juicy. The peel is eaten.

Characteristics of the early Gourmet variety:

  • ripening period - 115-125 days (early)
  • recommended load with eyes - 30-35
  • pruning vines - 6-8 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -23 degrees.

  • Shoots ripen well.
  • Wasp is hardly damaged.
  • High transportability and marketability.
  • Increased resistance to mildew and gray mold, medium to powdery mildew.

  • Requires rationing of the load of fruits and shoots (otherwise taste will deteriorate).

Kishmish Veles (Veles)

Seedless hybrid form of culture, bred by crossing the varieties Sofia and Rusbol. Selections V.V. Zagorulko (Ukraine).

Note! Veles is almost identical to Kishmish radiant (in terms of yield, partly in the taste of pulp, color of berries), the whole difference is in the ripening period.

Differs in vigorous bushes.

Bunches at Kishmish Veles are formed in the form of a wide cone, branched, with an average level of density. Grape clusters reach a mass of 900-1700 g, and in some cases - up to 3 kg.

The fruits are pink with an amber tint. Berries are oval, weighing 4-5 g. The taste is sweet, with an unobtrusive nutmeg aroma. The pulp is firm and crispy. The rind is thin, slightly palpable when consumed.

Characteristics of the Veles variety:

  • ripening period - 95-105 days (very early)
  • medium trimming of up to 6 eyes is required, but you can trim it short.
  • frost resistance up to -21 degrees.

  • High yield, just gigantic brushes.
  • Flowers are bisexual.
  • Shoots ripen well.
  • Suitable for long-term storage.
  • Average resistance to mildew and powdery mildew (3.5 points).

There is also a stepchild's harvest on the bushes.

  • After the rains, some of the berries crack.
  • The bunches must be shortened, otherwise the color of the bunch is uneven.
  • Often affected by gray rot.

Libya

The hybrid was bred by crossing based on the main qualities of the Flamingo and Arcadia varieties. Breeding "Magarach" (Ukraine), VV Zagorulko.

Forms vigorous plants.

The bunches of Libya are large, 25 cm or more long, cylindrical, moderately loose.

It has an uneven color - from light pink to rich when the bunch ripens. The size of the berries is 28 mm by 18-20 mm (oval or ovoid), weight is 10-15 grams. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, the rind is not felt during use. Each berry contains no more than 1-3 seeds, which are easily separated. Libya is characterized by a pleasant taste with the presence of nutmeg. The aroma lasts for 30 days during storage.

Characteristics of the variety Libya:

  • ripening period - 105-110 days (very early)
  • sugar accumulation - 20-25%
  • acidity - 6-7 g / l
  • the ratio of fruiting shoots is 70-80%.
  • pruning shoots is recommended for 2-6 eyes.
  • frost resistance up to -21 degrees.

  • Stable yield.
  • The flowers on the plant are bisexual, which guarantees a stable ovary.
  • Shoots ripen perfectly.
  • Excellent transportability.
  • Good marketability.

Important! Saplings grow better on their own roots than on a scion.

  • Very average resistance to powdery mildew (3.5-4 points).
  • Uneven color of berries.
  • Poor vine ripening at the slightest overload.

Transformation

A hybrid of grapes obtained as a result of amateur selection by V. Krainov.

Vigorous plants with a high degree of formation of stepchildren.

Forms mainly shapeless and conical clusters weighing 700-1500 grams.

The color of the berries is from intense pink to red, more often the color is amber-pink, of an uneven color. Fruits are large, oval-elongated, weight reaches 10-14 g. Taste qualities are harmonious. The flesh of the Transfiguration is fleshy, the skin is medium-dense, but not perceptible when consumed.

Characteristics of the Transfiguration variety:

  • ripening period - 105-110 days (very early)
  • sugar content - 17-19%
  • acid ratio - 6-7 g / l
  • load of the bush with shoots - up to 30-35
  • optimal pruning by 6-8 eyes, but a good result is also obtained by pruning by 2-4 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -23 degrees.

  • Has bisexual flowers.
  • Good resistance to gray mold.
  • Very high transportability and marketability.
  • There is a possibility of re-harvesting on stepchildren.
  • No peas.
  • Good maturation of the vine.

  • Very average resistance to common fungal diseases: mildew and powdery mildew (3.5-4 points).
  • Attracts wasps.
  • Load rationing is required.

Important! Does not tolerate close proximity to trees and shrubs.

Rumba

Bred by crossing the Red and Charrel varieties. Amateur selection of Kapelyushny V.U.

Bushes of medium vigor. The flower is bisexual.

The clusters are large, cylindrical-conical, loose or of medium density, weighing 470-900 g and more, measuring 20-30 cm by 10-12 cm.

The berries are pink (bright red when fully ripe), very beautiful and large, 32 by 24 mm in size, nipple-shaped, weighing 8-10 g or more. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, sweet, with a pleasant aroma.

Characteristics of the Rumba variety:

  • ripening period - 85-95 days (very early), according to other sources - 95-115 days (very early)
  • load on the bush - 40-45 eyes
  • trimming - for 8-10 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -25 degrees.

  • The yield is high and stable.
  • It has very good commercial qualities and appearance.
  • Transportability at altitude.
  • Rootstock compatibility is good.
  • The cuttings root very well.
  • No peas.
  • High resistance to mildew, powdery mildew, gray rot (2 points).

Prone to the formation of a second stepchild's harvest.

  • Some people think that the taste is too rustic (only sweet, without notes of anything).

Early Russian

Obtained by crossing the varieties Shasla Severnaya and Michurinets. Breeding VNIIViV them. ME AND. Potapenko (Russia).

Bushes are medium and vigorous. The flowers are bisexual.

The clusters are medium, 200-400 g, conical, of moderate density and loose.

The fruits are dark pink. Berries are medium and large (medium size - 21 by 23 mm), round, weighing 3-5 g. The flesh is crispy, sweet, simple, but harmonious taste, without any aroma.

Recommended for growing in film and glass greenhouses.

Characteristics of the Russian early variety:

  • ripening period - 105-115 days (very early)
  • sugar content - 17-21%
  • acidity - 6-7 g / l
  • frost resistance up to -23 degrees.

  • relatively resistant to mildew, gray rot, powdery mildew
  • shoots ripen well
  • very productive and not afraid of overload

On a fruitful shoot, there are often 2-3 inflorescences.

  • Wasps, ants, copperhead beetles and even butterflies often attack.
  • Taste without aroma or aftertaste of anything, just very sweet.

Sensation

A hybrid crossed on the basis of the Talisman and Rizamat varieties. Breeding Kapelyushny V.U.

It is characterized by high vigor of shoot growth.

Possesses high decorative and taste qualities. The sensation forms clusters of large size, conical shape, weighing 700-1500 g. Their structure can be medium-dense or loose.

Berries of a yellow-pink hue with crimson. Large fruits have an unusual finger-like shape, the weight of one berry reaches 16-22 g. The taste is harmonious, and when ripe, nutmeg notes are added. The flesh of the fruit is juicy and fleshy, with a thin skin, imperceptible during use.

Characteristics of the variety Sensation:

  • ripening period - up to 100 days (very early).
  • optimal load - 40-45 eyes
  • pruning vines for 8-10 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -24 degrees.

  • Differs in bisexual flowers, which guarantees pollination under all conditions.
  • High productivity.
  • Ripening of shoots is good.
  • No peas.
  • Wasps are practically not damaged.
  • High resistance to major diseases: mildew, oidium and gray rot (2.0-2.5 points).
  • High percentage of rooting cuttings.
  • Marketability and transportability are high.

  • The load on the bush must be normalized.
  • Often there are problems with the color of the berry (very transparent).

Somerset Seedlis

One of the best seedless varieties for northern viticulture created in the USA.

Bushes of medium to strong growth.

Bunches are small and medium (weighing 100-200 g). Dense and cylindrical.

The berries are pink, small, rounded. The taste is pleasant, from strawberry-silk to caramel. Medium skin, firm, edible. Rudiments are sometimes found in fruits.

Characteristics of the Somerset Seedles variety:

  • ripening period - very early
  • any trimming is allowed (short, medium, long)
  • frost resistance up to - 30-34 degrees.

  • Very high frost resistance.
  • Great taste.
  • Excellent vine maturation.
  • Complex disease resistance.

Sofia

A hybrid form of grapes, obtained by crossing Arcadia and Kishmish Luchisty, selection by V.V. Zagorulko (Ukraine).

The bushes are vigorous. The flower is functionally feminine.

The best pollinator for Sofia is Arcadia.

The bunches are large and very large, dense, weighing from 1 kg to 3 kg.

The berries are pink in color, large and very large (28-36 mm long, 20-21 mm wide), resemble the egg-shaped Arcadia variety. The skin of the berry is not felt when eaten. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, with a nutmeg aroma. The largest berries contain 1-2 seeds.

Characteristics of the Sofia variety:

  • ripening period -110-115 days (very early)
  • trimming - 4-8 eyes
  • frost resistance up to - 21 degrees.

Excessive nitrogen fertilization should be avoided.

  • Very beautiful (marketable) type of bunches.
  • Amazing taste.
  • As a rule, the shoots ripen evenly and completely.

  • Very average resistance to mildew and powdery mildew (3.5-4 points).
  • Prone to cross-pollination.
  • The bunches are dense, therefore they require thinning of the berries.
  • There are peas.
  • May crack.

Julian

The hybrid was bred as a result of crossing the Rezamat and Kesha varieties. Amateur selection Kapelyushny V.U.

When grown on its own roots, it forms vigorous bushes.

Differs in large grape clusters of medium friability with an elongated peduncle. The average weight of brushes is 300-500 grams, some are 1-2 kg.

The fruits are very large, 8-12 grams each, the sizes are 40-42 by 26-28 mm, the shape is nipple. Taste qualities are harmonious: tasty and sweet (astringency may be present in the taste). The flesh is crispy, with a thin skin that is not noticeable while eating.

Characteristics of the Julian variety:

  • ripening period - 95-105 days (very early)
  • optimal load on the plant - 40-45 eyes
  • recommended pruning of vines - for 8-10 eyes
  • frost resistance up to -24 degrees.

Important! When grown on a scion, the quality of the fruit increases.

  • Julian has bisexual flowers.
  • High resistance to major diseases: mildew, oidium, gray rot (2.5-3 points).
  • Not damaged by wasps.
  • Roots well by cuttings.
  • Excellent maturation of shoots.
  • High percentage of compatibility with rootstocks.
  • Excellent presentation and transportability.

  • Correction of load is required (standardization).

There is a danger of overfeeding with nitrogen, in which case the berries will taste like grass ...

Other very early pink varieties

Also among the ultra-early rose varieties that are adored and respected by many seasoned growers include:

Interesting! There is a lot of controversy as to which grapes should be attributed to the varieties Zarya Nesvetaya and Gift Nesvetaya - pink or black. Some are classified as pink and others as black, as the berries in some regions often do not completely color and remain dark red rather than dark blue.

  • Ayuta
  • Zarya Nesvetaya
  • Motley
  • Unlight's Gift
  • Rosemus
  • Tason.

By the way! You can read with other popular pink grapes in this detailed material.


Every winegrower or savvy grape lover will surely have a favorite table variety. Each of them has their own, so our list includes the most frequently mentioned and with a special taste and characteristics.

So, the best varieties of table grapes are:

  • "Talisman" is one of the most popular species with a high yield, large fruits and harmonious taste
  • "Arcadia", with its elongated golden berries
  • "Rizamat" - as already mentioned, is a generally recognized standard of taste, ripens early and has large berries
  • "Moldavian kishmish" - unpretentious grapes with a large bunch and fruits without seeds
  • “Cardinal” is a stable, rapidly maturing variety with an interesting taste.


Watch the video: Outdoor Early Grape variety Solaris