The genus Campanula includes a large number of species, most of which come from the old continent and have the characteristic of growing spontaneously in any place, from the plains to the mountains.
The Campanula genus belongs to the Campanulaceae family and we are talking about an extremely vast genus, since it includes more than three hundred species native to Europe.
These are plants that, in most cases, are evergreen and rustic, which have the particular characteristic of being able to be grown both at home and in the garden.
Given the large number of species, we can distinguish between erect stem, climbing and creeping bluebells.
The leaves of this plant have jagged edges, while the flowers have a blue-violet color, but there is also the possibility of finding white or pink flowers.
The peculiarity of this genus lies precisely in the fact that the flowers have a certain "bell" shape and this is where the name of the genus derives.
Bluebells are treated as pioneer plants, as they appear in areas where weather conditions are rather rough and where large amounts of moss grow.
The bellflower represents a plant that is grown very easily. In fact, you can choose between cultivation in pots or in the ground and in both situations they must be placed in semi-shaded positions, since they do not prefer direct sunlight.
The best temperatures for growing this plant are around 15 degrees, while during the winter season it can drop to below 7 degrees centigrade.
This plant requires constant watering, always paying close attention to the conservation of the soil, which must always be a little damp.
These are plants that prefer humid environments and, for this reason, it is always recommended to spray the leaves and place the plant on a saucer, and then fill it with water.
The bellflower blooms during the summer season and has the particular characteristic of producing rather pleasant flowers, which vary according to the species also in terms of color.
To ensure continuous flowering, it is best to remove the flowers as soon as they begin to wilt.
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Among the different species that fall within the genus of Campanula, Rapunculus is undoubtedly the best known for the fact that it contains excellent protein and mineral substances, as well as being able to provide vitamin C and inulin.
In Italian this species is often called with the name of rapunzel, but there are many other dialect names.
In any case, a large number of anti-inflammatory properties of the oral cavity were attributed to this species, as well as digestive, laxative, carminative, diuretic and refreshing properties; in many cases, it was also used to treat blisters, although in modern herbal medicine the use of this plant is very minimal.
It may be interesting that the root of this plant is starch-free, which is extremely useful also for diabetics.
Furthermore, with the infusion of rapunzel leaves and flowers, an excellent mouthwash can be obtained, which is extremely useful especially for fighting inflammations that affect the oral cavity.
Among the most important active ingredients of the Campanula plant, we find inulin, vitamin C, proteins, mineral salts: for this reason it is able to perform an excellent antiseptic, refreshing, vulnerable and astringent action.
As for the external use, the leaves of the campanula rapunculus species are used as applications to treat warts, while the infusion that is prepared with its flowers can be useful for gargling.
It is an edible and very widespread plant, since in the kitchen the roots are used raw in salads due to the sweetish taste produced by inulin, while the basal leaves allow to give a bitter taste to the salad.
Since its root does not contain starch, but inulin, which once splitting, produces levulose instead of the traditional glucose and, for this reason, we reiterate it, it can also be safely consumed by diabetics.
Using the bellflower as a useful remedy to fight infections of the oral cavity, you can make excellent gargle: it is necessary to immerse about 30-50 grams of aerial parts of the plant in a liter of boiling water; the next step will be to provide for filtering and use the liquid thus obtained to make gargles that can give a good hand against throat infections or irritations.
It can also be used as a remedy for breastfeeding disorders: in these cases a potion is used that is obtained by mixing the cooked bellflower root with oil and sugar, after adding a pinch of pepper and must be taken in the morning.
It is always better to exploit this plant for internal use only after asking your doctor or an herbalist for advice.